The Economic Complexity Index (ECI) and the Product Complexity Index (PCI) are, respectively, measures of the relative knowledge intensity of an economy or a product. ECI measures the knowledge intensity of an economy by considering the knowledge intensity of the products it exports. PCI measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters. This circular argument is mathematically tractable and can be used to construct relative measures of the knowledge intensity of economies and products (see methodology section for more details).

ECI has been validated as a relevant economic measure by showing its ability to predict future economic growth (see Hidalgo and Hausmann 2009), and explain international variations in income inequality (see Hartmann et al. 2017.

This page includes rankings using the Economic Complexity Index (ECI).

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Year Range

País 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
1 Japão 2.31329 2.32408 2.37352 2.31842 2.34767 2.61516
2 Coreia do Sul 1.70696 1.64658 1.82762 1.90646 1.97403 2.37378
3 Suíça 1.95964 2.01041 2.05181 1.99456 2.12416 2.33787
4 Cingapura 1.68651 1.70347 1.71717 1.71171 1.72081 2.25069
5 Alemanha 1.9408 1.87347 1.84608 1.81367 1.91906 1.89207
6 Hong Kong 0.801652 1.09895 1.26313 1.35236 1.35536 1.47134
7 República Checa 1.69489 1.68896 1.53381 1.52129 1.56023 1.42049
8 Estados Unidos 1.49138 1.45359 1.43702 1.30167 1.32592 1.3899
9 Reino Unido 1.54878 1.49378 1.45544 1.40296 1.34514 1.36113
10 Hungria 1.53397 1.52192 1.43941 1.38229 1.40749 1.24403
11 Israel 1.21174 1.27127 1.22703 1.14081 1.16926 1.17832
12 Eslováquia 1.37252 1.3272 1.21794 1.20436 1.27947 1.16945
13 Itália 1.33488 1.31024 1.21525 1.24155 1.24787 1.13343
14 França 1.43611 1.36854 1.24155 1.15748 1.20672 1.13204
15 Malásia 0.791729 0.91952 0.810485 0.828817 0.971262 1.12618
16 Irlanda 1.1731 1.24971 1.28901 1.22044 1.31565 1.10564
17 China 0.909906 1.00792 1.04036 1.16379 1.17107 1.00689
18 Bélgica 1.13515 1.04707 0.951062 0.90581 0.9484 0.978514
19 México 1.00796 0.954246 0.846744 0.953003 0.959052 0.75823
20 Polônia 1.07468 0.960828 0.817343 0.839266 0.832384 0.672875
21 Dinamarca 1.2369 1.13685 0.995356 0.95349 0.885645 0.662894
22 Estônia 0.746338 0.76017 0.68394 0.752262 0.738564 0.545405
23 Noruega 0.535507 0.571734 0.614676 0.667969 0.682789 0.518245
24 Croácia 0.91927 0.92595 0.822129 0.837178 0.745808 0.491664
25 Espanha 0.980784 0.842403 0.700457 0.701443 0.656088 0.431715
26 Belarus 0.918398 0.82272 0.689295 0.731427 0.702788 0.426
27 Filipinas 0.331523 0.394726 0.341858 0.477815 0.381438 0.389823
28 Bósnia e Herzegovina 0.592368 0.545884 0.562599 0.578374 0.486929 0.368803
29 Emirados Árabes Unidos 0.030733 -0.009763 -0.090032 -0.362895 -0.251409 0.304849
30 Lituânia 0.64032 0.722513 0.673455 0.63807 0.561721 0.252274
31 Portugal 0.650139 0.6184 0.433862 0.4937 0.480985 0.213795
32 Índia 0.091946 0.144541 -0.134587 -0.014696 0.016682 0.141007
33 Canadá 0.526191 0.534847 0.421886 0.411362 0.3821 0.140373
34 Bulgária 0.447953 0.497365 0.278113 0.290812 0.318417 0.139368
35 Sérvia 0.590053 0.562507 0.361921 0.366673 0.316878 0.114576
36 Rússia 0.009965 0.077047 0.048022 0.008439 -0.026792 0.049962
37 Turquia 0.42938 0.450234 0.287393 0.378481 0.364792 0.0317636
38 Látvia 0.600318 0.571625 0.478137 0.431584 0.373305 0.0284908
39 Tunísia 0.233429 0.291069 0.16411 0.214778 0.163278 0.00202402
40 Grécia 0.052732 -0.02161 -0.210378 -0.167862 -0.157527 -0.0404171
41 Brasil 0.190826 0.161553 0.032264 -0.151225 -0.079082 -0.0835801
42 Indonésia -0.143199 -0.087123 -0.160233 -0.102013 -0.088124 -0.0852673
43 Panamá 0.630553 0.741643 0.710402 -0.558959 -0.560582 -0.116362
44 Costa Rica 0.024263 0.247592 0.158575 0.093993 0.005485 -0.159627
45 Colômbia -0.001219 0.049744 -0.234596 -0.194463 -0.216272 -0.19239
46 Jordânia 0.161675 0.216056 -0.140418 -0.010019 -0.004415 -0.221577
47 El Salvador -0.117335 -0.007233 -0.145168 -0.070683 -0.133223 -0.274391
48 África do Sul 0.016592 -0.023795 -0.192079 -0.204966 -0.188863 -0.295213
49 Oman -0.431956 -0.742942 -0.874505 -0.774658 -0.671414 -0.382714
50 Egito -0.289977 -0.321576 -0.488663 -0.341403 -0.271803 -0.395968
51 Maurício -0.40707
52 Quirguistão -0.457679
53 Sri Lanka -0.482129 -0.368732 -0.530163 -0.369437 -0.465842 -0.465951
54 Nova Zelândia 0.064004 0.166665 -0.096978 -0.119421 -0.206663 -0.472886
55 Moldávia 0.049706 0.115221 -0.019913 -0.103664 -0.214357 -0.481255
56 Uruguai 0.081756 -0.003597 -0.330617 -0.349791 -0.267658 -0.501094
57 República Dominicana -0.26414 -0.256286 -0.406432 -0.40546 -0.457736 -0.501275
58 Macedonia -0.165571 -0.146735 -0.323051 -0.216515 -0.371769 -0.606872
59 Georgia -0.152888 -0.168891 -0.419841 -0.457954 -0.455472 -0.634878
60 Jamaica -0.215289 -0.349499 -0.64931 -0.787602 -0.683642 -0.694666
61 Suécia 1.80518 1.75179 1.75214 1.6459 1.61477 -0.714396
62 Senegal -0.810511 -0.622244 -0.744196 -0.721723 -0.847701 -0.746684
63 Camboja -1.20676 -0.95203 -0.904026 -0.723043 -0.534499 -0.750174
64 Cazaquistão -0.853388 -0.787489 -0.961147 -1.00924 -0.994658 -0.781491
65 Namíbia -0.602309 -0.241151 -0.328879 -0.381863 -0.397842 -0.834151
66 Laos -1.01474 -1.05514 -0.845389
67 Albânia 0.272749 -0.472586 -0.684933 -0.542079 -0.650885 -0.871937
68 Argentina -0.063178 -0.148047 -0.496513 -0.502072 -0.528185 -0.882143
69 Chile -0.328124 -0.333627 -0.499261 -0.532363 -0.592885 -0.899662
70 Marrocos -0.509268 -0.535805 -0.774475 -0.559651 -0.747625 -0.944238
71 Austrália -0.516626 -0.528256 -0.816851 -0.846322 -0.763708 -0.972731
72 Argélia -1.28473 -1.56777 -2.08154 -1.77252 -1.6871 -0.99361
73 Paraguai -0.619805 -0.645452 -0.982503 -1.10231 -1.05565 -1.06909
74 Peru -0.746415 -0.742204 -1.01445 -0.956349 -0.986909 -1.0828
75 Mali -1.12138
76 Gana -1.05444 -1.00907 -1.27263 -1.47184 -1.15991 -1.12468
77 Zimbábue -0.918402 -1.00205 -1.04674 -0.844104 -0.926026 -1.13478
78 Paquistão -0.752351 -0.805746 -1.03613 -0.86519 -0.889031 -1.13883
79 Etiópia -1.26465 -1.15076 -1.46341 -1.56239 -1.46649 -1.16391
80 Madagáscar -0.831354 -0.726138 -0.823322 -0.820193 -0.964509 -1.18288
81 Botswana -0.354011 -0.532549 -0.574288 -0.790862 -0.877179 -1.22746
82 Tanzânia -0.995243 -0.730645 -0.919298 -1.03347 -1.0393 -1.23583
83 Equador -0.770023 -0.708563 -1.06674 -1.30875 -1.33499 -1.31897
84 Mongólia -1.20509 -1.35158 -1.67769 -1.55696 -1.27419 -1.67118
85 Mauritânia -1.86292 -1.6776 -2.34538
86 Irã -1.00321 -0.886393 -0.934617
87 Tailândia 0.870845 0.964292 0.87724 0.955651 1.05247
88 Iémen -1.22062 -1.14902 -1.34438 -1.30363
89 Venezuela -0.811479 -1.12529 -0.942948
90 Romênia 0.73466 0.70694 0.751166 0.787654 0.82995
91 Togo -0.837184 -0.778208 -0.671987 -0.462205 -0.371802
92 Arábia Saudita -0.074789 -0.07214 -0.462099 -0.369927 -0.355486
93 Congo, República do -1.21695 -1.12329 -0.675039 -0.730753 -0.814235
94 Ucrânia 0.480965 0.469842 0.28954 0.268345 0.2257
95 Vietnã -0.215986 -0.104485 -0.231462 -0.129961 -0.06973
96 Congo, República Democrática do -1.06695 -1.29544
97 Gabão -0.829728 -1.36163
98 Angola -2.09087 -2.79136
99 Kuweit -0.296786 -0.436697 -1.49314 -0.836979 -0.789111
100 Nicarágua -0.883107 -0.71229 -0.955061 -1.00073 -1.13505
101 Finlândia 1.71439 1.61173 1.57477 1.49895 1.45829
102 Sudão -1.93445 -1.65831 -1.873 -1.84461 -1.86774
103 Nigéria -1.71191 -1.61348 -1.73702 -1.72001 -1.79177
104 Quênia -0.610053 -0.580113 -0.616658 -0.51908 -0.57392
105 Áustria 1.7891 1.71686 1.72767 1.64981 1.66445
106 Síria -0.670493
107 Líbano 0.293449 0.281872 0.107992 0.177455 0.151603
108 Camarões -0.618845 -0.546339 -0.69924 -0.841034 -1.00906
109 Birmânia -1.27821
110 Moçambique -1.3111 -1.16195 -1.22607 -1.2084 -1.14672
111 Trinidad e Tobago -0.567857 -0.858712
112 Holanda 0.952353 0.885129 0.818227 0.756212 0.860275
113 Catar -0.395827 -0.390929 -0.41667 -0.264365 -0.525304
114 Turquemenistão -1.00593 -1.09788
115 Honduras -0.690727 -0.398168 -0.429599 -0.370913 -0.408544
116 Zâmbia -0.750633 -0.621731 -0.731336 -0.544915 -0.562239
117 Uzbequistão -0.555588 -0.531504
118 Bangladesh -1.10503 -0.943499 -1.17559
119 Guiné -1.72675 -1.66077 -2.17828 -1.77331
120 Cote d'Ivoire -1.20641 -1.0558 -1.05279 -1.17654 -1.14491
121 Bolívia -0.939743 -0.853344 -1.16084 -1.18122 -1.29269
122 Azerbaijão -1.44623 -1.50891 -1.44358 -1.7818 -1.63889
123 Eslovenia 1.46906 1.43073 1.4359 1.41088 1.39199
124 Guatemala -0.390539 -0.293485 -0.505798 -0.412311 -0.440422