The Economic Complexity Index (ECI) and the Product Complexity Index (PCI) are, respectively, measures of the relative knowledge intensity of an economy or a product. ECI measures the knowledge intensity of an economy by considering the knowledge intensity of the products it exports. PCI measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters. This circular argument is mathematically tractable and can be used to construct relative measures of the knowledge intensity of economies and products (see methodology section for more details).

ECI has been validated as a relevant economic measure by showing its ability to predict future economic growth (see Hidalgo and Hausmann 2009), and explain international variations in income inequality (see Hartmann et al. 2017.

This page includes rankings using the Economic Complexity Index (ECI).

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Year Range

País 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
1 Japão 2.31329 2.32408 2.37352 2.31842 2.34767
2 Suíça 1.95964 2.01041 2.05181 1.99456 2.12416
3 Coreia do Sul 1.70696 1.64658 1.82762 1.90646 1.97403
4 Alemanha 1.9408 1.87347 1.84608 1.81367 1.91906
5 Cingapura 1.68651 1.70347 1.71717 1.71171 1.72081
6 Áustria 1.7891 1.71686 1.72767 1.64981 1.66445
7 Suécia 1.80518 1.75179 1.75214 1.6459 1.61477
8 República Checa 1.69489 1.68896 1.53381 1.52129 1.56023
9 Finlândia 1.71439 1.61173 1.57477 1.49895 1.45829
10 Hungria 1.53397 1.52192 1.43941 1.38229 1.40749
11 Eslovenia 1.46906 1.43073 1.4359 1.41088 1.39199
12 Hong Kong 0.801652 1.09895 1.26313 1.35236 1.35536
13 Reino Unido 1.54878 1.49378 1.45544 1.40296 1.34514
14 Estados Unidos 1.49138 1.45359 1.43702 1.30167 1.32592
15 Irlanda 1.1731 1.24971 1.28901 1.22044 1.31565
16 Eslováquia 1.37252 1.3272 1.21794 1.20436 1.27947
17 Itália 1.33488 1.31024 1.21525 1.24155 1.24787
18 França 1.43611 1.36854 1.24155 1.15748 1.20672
19 China 0.909906 1.00792 1.04036 1.16379 1.17107
20 Israel 1.21174 1.27127 1.22703 1.14081 1.16926
21 Tailândia 0.870845 0.964292 0.87724 0.955651 1.05247
22 Malásia 0.791729 0.91952 0.810485 0.828817 0.971262
23 México 1.00796 0.954246 0.846744 0.953003 0.959052
24 Bélgica 1.13515 1.04707 0.951062 0.90581 0.9484
25 Dinamarca 1.2369 1.13685 0.995356 0.95349 0.885645
26 Holanda 0.952353 0.885129 0.818227 0.756212 0.860275
27 Polônia 1.07468 0.960828 0.817343 0.839266 0.832384
28 Romênia 0.73466 0.70694 0.751166 0.787654 0.82995
29 Croácia 0.91927 0.92595 0.822129 0.837178 0.745808
30 Estônia 0.746338 0.76017 0.68394 0.752262 0.738564
31 Belarus 0.918398 0.82272 0.689295 0.731427 0.702788
32 Noruega 0.535507 0.571734 0.614676 0.667969 0.682789
33 Espanha 0.980784 0.842403 0.700457 0.701443 0.656088
34 Lituânia 0.64032 0.722513 0.673455 0.63807 0.561721
35 Bósnia e Herzegovina 0.592368 0.545884 0.562599 0.578374 0.486929
36 Portugal 0.650139 0.6184 0.433862 0.4937 0.480985
37 Canadá 0.526191 0.534847 0.421886 0.411362 0.3821
38 Filipinas 0.331523 0.394726 0.341858 0.477815 0.381438
39 Látvia 0.600318 0.571625 0.478137 0.431584 0.373305
40 Turquia 0.42938 0.450234 0.287393 0.378481 0.364792
41 Bulgária 0.447953 0.497365 0.278113 0.290812 0.318417
42 Sérvia 0.590053 0.562507 0.361921 0.366673 0.316878
43 Ucrânia 0.480965 0.469842 0.28954 0.268345 0.2257
44 Tunísia 0.233429 0.291069 0.16411 0.214778 0.163278
45 Líbano 0.293449 0.281872 0.107992 0.177455 0.151603
46 Índia 0.091946 0.144541 -0.134587 -0.014696 0.016682
47 Costa Rica 0.024263 0.247592 0.158575 0.093993 0.005485
48 Jordânia 0.161675 0.216056 -0.140418 -0.010019 -0.004415
49 Rússia 0.009965 0.077047 0.048022 0.008439 -0.026792
50 Vietnã -0.215986 -0.104485 -0.231462 -0.129961 -0.06973
51 Brasil 0.190826 0.161553 0.032264 -0.151225 -0.079082
52 Indonésia -0.143199 -0.087123 -0.160233 -0.102013 -0.088124
53 El Salvador -0.117335 -0.007233 -0.145168 -0.070683 -0.133223
54 Grécia 0.052732 -0.02161 -0.210378 -0.167862 -0.157527
55 África do Sul 0.016592 -0.023795 -0.192079 -0.204966 -0.188863
56 Nova Zelândia 0.064004 0.166665 -0.096978 -0.119421 -0.206663
57 Moldávia 0.049706 0.115221 -0.019913 -0.103664 -0.214357
58 Colômbia -0.001219 0.049744 -0.234596 -0.194463 -0.216272
59 Emirados Árabes Unidos 0.030733 -0.009763 -0.090032 -0.362895 -0.251409
60 Uruguai 0.081756 -0.003597 -0.330617 -0.349791 -0.267658
61 Egito -0.289977 -0.321576 -0.488663 -0.341403 -0.271803
62 Arábia Saudita -0.074789 -0.07214 -0.462099 -0.369927 -0.355486
63 Macedonia -0.165571 -0.146735 -0.323051 -0.216515 -0.371769
64 Togo -0.837184 -0.778208 -0.671987 -0.462205 -0.371802
65 Namíbia -0.602309 -0.241151 -0.328879 -0.381863 -0.397842
66 Honduras -0.690727 -0.398168 -0.429599 -0.370913 -0.408544
67 Guatemala -0.390539 -0.293485 -0.505798 -0.412311 -0.440422
68 Georgia -0.152888 -0.168891 -0.419841 -0.457954 -0.455472
69 República Dominicana -0.26414 -0.256286 -0.406432 -0.40546 -0.457736
70 Sri Lanka -0.482129 -0.368732 -0.530163 -0.369437 -0.465842
71 Catar -0.395827 -0.390929 -0.41667 -0.264365 -0.525304
72 Argentina -0.063178 -0.148047 -0.496513 -0.502072 -0.528185
73 Camboja -1.20676 -0.95203 -0.904026 -0.723043 -0.534499
74 Panamá 0.630553 0.741643 0.710402 -0.558959 -0.560582
75 Zâmbia -0.750633 -0.621731 -0.731336 -0.544915 -0.562239
76 Quênia -0.610053 -0.580113 -0.616658 -0.51908 -0.57392
77 Chile -0.328124 -0.333627 -0.499261 -0.532363 -0.592885
78 Albânia 0.272749 -0.472586 -0.684933 -0.542079 -0.650885
79 Oman -0.431956 -0.742942 -0.874505 -0.774658 -0.671414
80 Jamaica -0.215289 -0.349499 -0.64931 -0.787602 -0.683642
81 Marrocos -0.509268 -0.535805 -0.774475 -0.559651 -0.747625
82 Austrália -0.516626 -0.528256 -0.816851 -0.846322 -0.763708
83 Kuweit -0.296786 -0.436697 -1.49314 -0.836979 -0.789111
84 Congo, República do -1.21695 -1.12329 -0.675039 -0.730753 -0.814235
85 Senegal -0.810511 -0.622244 -0.744196 -0.721723 -0.847701
86 Botswana -0.354011 -0.532549 -0.574288 -0.790862 -0.877179
87 Paquistão -0.752351 -0.805746 -1.03613 -0.86519 -0.889031
88 Zimbábue -0.918402 -1.00205 -1.04674 -0.844104 -0.926026
89 Madagáscar -0.831354 -0.726138 -0.823322 -0.820193 -0.964509
90 Peru -0.746415 -0.742204 -1.01445 -0.956349 -0.986909
91 Cazaquistão -0.853388 -0.787489 -0.961147 -1.00924 -0.994658
92 Camarões -0.618845 -0.546339 -0.69924 -0.841034 -1.00906
93 Tanzânia -0.995243 -0.730645 -0.919298 -1.03347 -1.0393
94 Paraguai -0.619805 -0.645452 -0.982503 -1.10231 -1.05565
95 Nicarágua -0.883107 -0.71229 -0.955061 -1.00073 -1.13505
96 Cote d'Ivoire -1.20641 -1.0558 -1.05279 -1.17654 -1.14491
97 Moçambique -1.3111 -1.16195 -1.22607 -1.2084 -1.14672
98 Gana -1.05444 -1.00907 -1.27263 -1.47184 -1.15991
99 Mongólia -1.20509 -1.35158 -1.67769 -1.55696 -1.27419
100 Bolívia -0.939743 -0.853344 -1.16084 -1.18122 -1.29269
101 Iémen -1.22062 -1.14902 -1.34438 -1.30363
102 Equador -0.770023 -0.708563 -1.06674 -1.30875 -1.33499
103 Etiópia -1.26465 -1.15076 -1.46341 -1.56239 -1.46649
104 Azerbaijão -1.44623 -1.50891 -1.44358 -1.7818 -1.63889
105 Argélia -1.28473 -1.56777 -2.08154 -1.77252 -1.6871
106 Guiné -1.72675 -1.66077 -2.17828 -1.77331
107 Nigéria -1.71191 -1.61348 -1.73702 -1.72001 -1.79177
108 Sudão -1.93445 -1.65831 -1.873 -1.84461 -1.86774
109 Irã -1.00321 -0.886393 -0.934617
110 Venezuela -0.811479 -1.12529 -0.942948
111 Mauritânia -1.86292 -1.6776
112 Congo, República Democrática do -1.06695 -1.29544
113 Gabão -0.829728 -1.36163
114 Angola -2.09087 -2.79136
115 Síria -0.670493
116 Birmânia -1.27821
117 Trinidad e Tobago -0.567857 -0.858712
118 Turquemenistão -1.00593 -1.09788
119 Laos -1.01474 -1.05514
120 Uzbequistão -0.555588 -0.531504
121 Bangladesh -1.10503 -0.943499 -1.17559