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Germany is the 3rd largest export economy in the world and the 5th most complex economy according to the Economic Complexity Index (ECI). In 2016, Germany exported $1.32T and imported $1.05T, resulting in a positive trade balance of $273B. In 2016 the GDP of Germany was $3.47T and its GDP per capita was $48.7k.

The top exports of Germany are Cars ($150B), Unspecified ($75.3B), Vehicle Parts ($56.3B), Packaged Medicaments ($48.3B) and Planes, Helicopters, and/or Spacecraft ($34.6B), using the 1992 revision of the HS (Harmonized System) classification. Its top imports are Unspecified ($96.5B), Cars ($51.2B), Vehicle Parts ($37.4B), Crude Petroleum ($28.7B) and Packaged Medicaments ($26B).

The top export destinations of Germany are the United States ($118B), France ($110B), the United Kingdom ($94.1B), the Netherlands ($86.8B) and China ($85.4B). The top import origins are the Netherlands ($99B), France ($78.9B), Belgium ($66.4B), China ($65.2B) and Italy ($58.3B).

Germany borders Austria, Belgium, Switzerland, the Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Luxembourg, the Netherlands and Poland by land and the United Kingdom and Sweden by sea.

Economic Complexity of Germany

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