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The Netherlands is the 8th largest export economy in the world. In 2016, the Netherlands exported $413B and imported $428B, resulting in a negative trade balance of $15.1B.

The top exports of the Netherlands are Refined Petroleum ($32.4B), Computers ($14.5B), Packaged Medicaments ($13.2B), Crude Petroleum ($11.5B) and Human or Animal Blood ($10.6B), using the 1992 revision of the HS (Harmonized System) classification. Its top imports are Refined Petroleum ($28.5B), Crude Petroleum ($27.6B), Computers ($17.4B), Telephones ($13.3B) and Cars ($10.2B).

The top export destinations of the Netherlands are Germany ($79.8B), Belgium-Luxembourg ($58.6B), the United Kingdom ($44.3B), France ($26.4B) and Italy ($21.8B). The top import origins are Germany ($72.3B), Belgium-Luxembourg ($43.5B), China ($38.8B), the United States ($33.2B) and Russia ($22.9B).

The Netherlands borders Belgium and Germany by land and the United Kingdom, Anguilla, Saint Kitts and Nevis, the Virgin Islands and Venezuela by sea.

Economic Complexity of the Netherlands

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