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Syria is the 157th largest export economy in the world and the 88th most complex economy according to the Economic Complexity Index (ECI). In 2017, Syria exported $622M and imported $4.4B, resulting in a negative trade balance of $3.78B.

The top exports of Syria are Spice Seeds ($92.2M), Pure Olive Oil ($56.6M), Apples and Pears ($44.2M), Other Nuts ($39M) and Non-Retail Pure Cotton Yarn ($25.8M), using the 1992 revision of the HS (Harmonized System) classification. Its top imports are Raw Sugar ($172M), Seed Oils ($120M), Cars ($97.4M), Rolled Tobacco ($89.6M) and Wheat Flours ($80.4M).

The top export destinations of Syria are Lebanon ($131M), Egypt ($108M), Turkey ($70.1M), Jordan ($66.3M) and Spain ($53.7M). The top import origins are Turkey ($1.15B), China ($1.09B), Lebanon ($246M), Egypt ($217M) and South Korea ($215M).

Syria borders Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon and Turkey by land and Cyprus by sea.

Economic Complexity of Syria

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