The Economic Complexity Index (ECI) and the Product Complexity Index (PCI) are, respectively, measures of the relative knowledge intensity of an economy or a product. ECI measures the knowledge intensity of an economy by considering the knowledge intensity of the products it exports. PCI measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters. This circular argument is mathematically tractable and can be used to construct relative measures of the knowledge intensity of economies and products (see methodology section for more details).

ECI has been validated as a relevant economic measure by showing its ability to predict future economic growth (see Hidalgo and Hausmann 2009), and explain international variations in income inequality (see Hartmann et al. 2017.

This page includes rankings using the Economic Complexity Index (ECI).

डाउनलोड    कभी साल डाउनलोड करें

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Year Range

देश 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
1 जापान 2.31329 2.32408 2.37352 2.31842 2.34767 2.61516
2 कोरिया, दक्षिण 1.70696 1.64658 1.82762 1.90646 1.97403 2.37378
3 स्विजरलैंड 1.95964 2.01041 2.05181 1.99456 2.12416 2.33787
4 सिंगापुर 1.68651 1.70347 1.71717 1.71171 1.72081 2.25069
5 जर्मनी 1.9408 1.87347 1.84608 1.81367 1.91906 1.89207
6 हाँग काँग 0.801652 1.09895 1.26313 1.35236 1.35536 1.47134
7 चेक गणराज्य 1.69489 1.68896 1.53381 1.52129 1.56023 1.42049
8 अमेरिका 1.49138 1.45359 1.43702 1.30167 1.32592 1.3899
9 यूनाइटेड किंगडम 1.54878 1.49378 1.45544 1.40296 1.34514 1.36113
10 हंगरी 1.53397 1.52192 1.43941 1.38229 1.40749 1.24403
11 इजराइल 1.21174 1.27127 1.22703 1.14081 1.16926 1.17832
12 स्लोवाकिया 1.37252 1.3272 1.21794 1.20436 1.27947 1.16945
13 इटली 1.33488 1.31024 1.21525 1.24155 1.24787 1.13343
14 फ्रांस 1.43611 1.36854 1.24155 1.15748 1.20672 1.13204
15 मलेशिया 0.791729 0.91952 0.810485 0.828817 0.971262 1.12618
16 आयरलैंड 1.1731 1.24971 1.28901 1.22044 1.31565 1.10564
17 चीन 0.909906 1.00792 1.04036 1.16379 1.17107 1.00689
18 बेल्जियम 1.13515 1.04707 0.951062 0.90581 0.9484 0.978514
19 मेक्सिको 1.00796 0.954246 0.846744 0.953003 0.959052 0.75823
20 पोलैंड 1.07468 0.960828 0.817343 0.839266 0.832384 0.672875
21 डेन्मार्क 1.2369 1.13685 0.995356 0.95349 0.885645 0.662894
22 एस्तोनिया 0.746338 0.76017 0.68394 0.752262 0.738564 0.545405
23 नॉर्वे 0.535507 0.571734 0.614676 0.667969 0.682789 0.518245
24 क्रोएशिया 0.91927 0.92595 0.822129 0.837178 0.745808 0.491664
25 स्पेन 0.980784 0.842403 0.700457 0.701443 0.656088 0.431715
26 बेलोरूस 0.918398 0.82272 0.689295 0.731427 0.702788 0.426
27 फ़िलिपींस 0.331523 0.394726 0.341858 0.477815 0.381438 0.389823
28 बोस्निया और हर्ज़िगोविना 0.592368 0.545884 0.562599 0.578374 0.486929 0.368803
29 संयुक्त अरब अमीरात 0.030733 -0.009763 -0.090032 -0.362895 -0.251409 0.304849
30 लिथुआनिया 0.64032 0.722513 0.673455 0.63807 0.561721 0.252274
31 पुर्तगाल 0.650139 0.6184 0.433862 0.4937 0.480985 0.213795
32 भारत 0.091946 0.144541 -0.134587 -0.014696 0.016682 0.141007
33 कनाडा 0.526191 0.534847 0.421886 0.411362 0.3821 0.140373
34 बुल्गारिया 0.447953 0.497365 0.278113 0.290812 0.318417 0.139368
35 सर्बिआ 0.590053 0.562507 0.361921 0.366673 0.316878 0.114576
36 रूस 0.009965 0.077047 0.048022 0.008439 -0.026792 0.049962
37 टर्की 0.42938 0.450234 0.287393 0.378481 0.364792 0.0317636
38 लाटविया 0.600318 0.571625 0.478137 0.431584 0.373305 0.0284908
39 ट्यूनीशिया 0.233429 0.291069 0.16411 0.214778 0.163278 0.00202402
40 ग्रीस 0.052732 -0.02161 -0.210378 -0.167862 -0.157527 -0.0404171
41 ब्राज़िल 0.190826 0.161553 0.032264 -0.151225 -0.079082 -0.0835801
42 इंडोनेशिया -0.143199 -0.087123 -0.160233 -0.102013 -0.088124 -0.0852673
43 पनामा 0.630553 0.741643 0.710402 -0.558959 -0.560582 -0.116362
44 कोस्टा रिका 0.024263 0.247592 0.158575 0.093993 0.005485 -0.159627
45 कोलंबिया -0.001219 0.049744 -0.234596 -0.194463 -0.216272 -0.19239
46 जॉर्डन 0.161675 0.216056 -0.140418 -0.010019 -0.004415 -0.221577
47 अल सल्वाडोर -0.117335 -0.007233 -0.145168 -0.070683 -0.133223 -0.274391
48 दक्षिण अफ्रीका 0.016592 -0.023795 -0.192079 -0.204966 -0.188863 -0.295213
49 ओमान -0.431956 -0.742942 -0.874505 -0.774658 -0.671414 -0.382714
50 मिस्र -0.289977 -0.321576 -0.488663 -0.341403 -0.271803 -0.395968
51 मॉरिशस -0.40707
52 किर्गिस्तान -0.457679
53 श्रीलंका -0.482129 -0.368732 -0.530163 -0.369437 -0.465842 -0.465951
54 न्यूजीलैंड 0.064004 0.166665 -0.096978 -0.119421 -0.206663 -0.472886
55 मोलदोवा 0.049706 0.115221 -0.019913 -0.103664 -0.214357 -0.481255
56 उरुग्वे 0.081756 -0.003597 -0.330617 -0.349791 -0.267658 -0.501094
57 डॉमिनिक गणराज्य -0.26414 -0.256286 -0.406432 -0.40546 -0.457736 -0.501275
58 मकदूनिया -0.165571 -0.146735 -0.323051 -0.216515 -0.371769 -0.606872
59 जॉर्जिया -0.152888 -0.168891 -0.419841 -0.457954 -0.455472 -0.634878
60 जमैका -0.215289 -0.349499 -0.64931 -0.787602 -0.683642 -0.694666
61 स्वीडन 1.80518 1.75179 1.75214 1.6459 1.61477 -0.714396
62 सेनेगल -0.810511 -0.622244 -0.744196 -0.721723 -0.847701 -0.746684
63 कंबोडिया -1.20676 -0.95203 -0.904026 -0.723043 -0.534499 -0.750174
64 कजाखस्तान -0.853388 -0.787489 -0.961147 -1.00924 -0.994658 -0.781491
65 नामीबिया -0.602309 -0.241151 -0.328879 -0.381863 -0.397842 -0.834151
66 लाओस -1.01474 -1.05514 -0.845389
67 अल्बानिया 0.272749 -0.472586 -0.684933 -0.542079 -0.650885 -0.871937
68 अर्जेंटीना -0.063178 -0.148047 -0.496513 -0.502072 -0.528185 -0.882143
69 चिली -0.328124 -0.333627 -0.499261 -0.532363 -0.592885 -0.899662
70 मोरक्को -0.509268 -0.535805 -0.774475 -0.559651 -0.747625 -0.944238
71 ऑस्ट्रेलिया -0.516626 -0.528256 -0.816851 -0.846322 -0.763708 -0.972731
72 अल्जीरिया -1.28473 -1.56777 -2.08154 -1.77252 -1.6871 -0.99361
73 परागुआ -0.619805 -0.645452 -0.982503 -1.10231 -1.05565 -1.06909
74 पेरू -0.746415 -0.742204 -1.01445 -0.956349 -0.986909 -1.0828
75 माली -1.12138
76 घाना -1.05444 -1.00907 -1.27263 -1.47184 -1.15991 -1.12468
77 ज़िम्बाब्वे -0.918402 -1.00205 -1.04674 -0.844104 -0.926026 -1.13478
78 पाकिस्तान -0.752351 -0.805746 -1.03613 -0.86519 -0.889031 -1.13883
79 इथियोपिया -1.26465 -1.15076 -1.46341 -1.56239 -1.46649 -1.16391
80 मेडागास्कर -0.831354 -0.726138 -0.823322 -0.820193 -0.964509 -1.18288
81 बोत्सवाना -0.354011 -0.532549 -0.574288 -0.790862 -0.877179 -1.22746
82 तंज़ानिया -0.995243 -0.730645 -0.919298 -1.03347 -1.0393 -1.23583
83 इक्वेडोर -0.770023 -0.708563 -1.06674 -1.30875 -1.33499 -1.31897
84 मंगोलिया -1.20509 -1.35158 -1.67769 -1.55696 -1.27419 -1.67118
85 मॉरिटानिया -1.86292 -1.6776 -2.34538
86 ईरान -1.00321 -0.886393 -0.934617
87 थाईलैंड 0.870845 0.964292 0.87724 0.955651 1.05247
88 यमन -1.22062 -1.14902 -1.34438 -1.30363
89 वेनेज़ुएला -0.811479 -1.12529 -0.942948
90 रोमानिया 0.73466 0.70694 0.751166 0.787654 0.82995
91 टोगो -0.837184 -0.778208 -0.671987 -0.462205 -0.371802
92 सऊदी अरब -0.074789 -0.07214 -0.462099 -0.369927 -0.355486
93 कांगो गणराज्य के -1.21695 -1.12329 -0.675039 -0.730753 -0.814235
94 यूक्रेन 0.480965 0.469842 0.28954 0.268345 0.2257
95 वियतनाम -0.215986 -0.104485 -0.231462 -0.129961 -0.06973
96 कांगो लोकतांत्रिक गणराज्य -1.06695 -1.29544
97 गैबन -0.829728 -1.36163
98 अंगोला -2.09087 -2.79136
99 कुवैत -0.296786 -0.436697 -1.49314 -0.836979 -0.789111
100 निकारागुआ -0.883107 -0.71229 -0.955061 -1.00073 -1.13505
101 फ़िनलैंड 1.71439 1.61173 1.57477 1.49895 1.45829
102 सूडान -1.93445 -1.65831 -1.873 -1.84461 -1.86774
103 नाइजीरिया -1.71191 -1.61348 -1.73702 -1.72001 -1.79177
104 केन्या -0.610053 -0.580113 -0.616658 -0.51908 -0.57392
105 ऑस्ट्रिया 1.7891 1.71686 1.72767 1.64981 1.66445
106 सीरिया -0.670493
107 लेबनान 0.293449 0.281872 0.107992 0.177455 0.151603
108 कैमरून -0.618845 -0.546339 -0.69924 -0.841034 -1.00906
109 बर्मा -1.27821
110 मोज़ाम्बिक -1.3111 -1.16195 -1.22607 -1.2084 -1.14672
111 त्रिनिदाद एंड टोबेगो -0.567857 -0.858712
112 नीदरलैंड 0.952353 0.885129 0.818227 0.756212 0.860275
113 क़तर -0.395827 -0.390929 -0.41667 -0.264365 -0.525304
114 तुर्कमेनिस्तान -1.00593 -1.09788
115 होंडुरस -0.690727 -0.398168 -0.429599 -0.370913 -0.408544
116 ज़ाम्बिया -0.750633 -0.621731 -0.731336 -0.544915 -0.562239
117 उज़्बेकिस्तान -0.555588 -0.531504
118 बांग्लादेश -1.10503 -0.943499 -1.17559
119 गिन्नी -1.72675 -1.66077 -2.17828 -1.77331
120 कोटे डी आइवर -1.20641 -1.0558 -1.05279 -1.17654 -1.14491
121 बोलीविया -0.939743 -0.853344 -1.16084 -1.18122 -1.29269
122 आज़रबाइजान -1.44623 -1.50891 -1.44358 -1.7818 -1.63889
123 स्लोवेनिया 1.46906 1.43073 1.4359 1.41088 1.39199
124 ग्वाटेमाला -0.390539 -0.293485 -0.505798 -0.412311 -0.440422