The Economic Complexity Index (ECI) and the Product Complexity Index (PCI) are, respectively, measures of the relative knowledge intensity of an economy or a product. ECI measures the knowledge intensity of an economy by considering the knowledge intensity of the products it exports. PCI measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters. This circular argument is mathematically tractable and can be used to construct relative measures of the knowledge intensity of economies and products (see methodology section for more details).

ECI has been validated as a relevant economic measure by showing its ability to predict future economic growth (see Hidalgo and Hausmann 2009), and explain international variations in income inequality (see Hartmann et al. 2017.

This page includes rankings using the Economic Complexity Index (ECI).

डाउनलोड    कभी साल डाउनलोड करें

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Year Range

देश 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
1 जापान 2.31329 2.32408 2.37352 2.31842 2.34767 2.22938
2 स्विजरलैंड 1.95964 2.01041 2.05181 1.99456 2.12416 2.0544
3 जर्मनी 1.9408 1.87347 1.84608 1.81367 1.91906 1.95551
4 कोरिया, दक्षिण 1.70696 1.64658 1.82762 1.90646 1.97403 1.79864
5 स्वीडन 1.80518 1.75179 1.75214 1.6459 1.61477 1.75485
6 सिंगापुर 1.68651 1.70347 1.71717 1.71171 1.72081 1.71625
7 ऑस्ट्रिया 1.7891 1.71686 1.72767 1.64981 1.66445 1.61209
8 यूनाइटेड किंगडम 1.54878 1.49378 1.45544 1.40296 1.34514 1.59265
9 अमेरिका 1.49138 1.45359 1.43702 1.30167 1.32592 1.58101
10 चेक गणराज्य 1.69489 1.68896 1.53381 1.52129 1.56023 1.57717
11 फ़िनलैंड 1.71439 1.61173 1.57477 1.49895 1.45829 1.55487
12 स्लोवेनिया 1.46906 1.43073 1.4359 1.41088 1.39199 1.44667
13 आयरलैंड 1.1731 1.24971 1.28901 1.22044 1.31565 1.44421
14 फ्रांस 1.43611 1.36854 1.24155 1.15748 1.20672 1.34955
15 हंगरी 1.53397 1.52192 1.43941 1.38229 1.40749 1.29993
16 स्लोवाकिया 1.37252 1.3272 1.21794 1.20436 1.27947 1.28447
17 डेन्मार्क 1.2369 1.13685 0.995356 0.95349 0.885645 1.23615
18 बेल्जियम 1.13515 1.04707 0.951062 0.90581 0.9484 1.21917
19 इटली 1.33488 1.31024 1.21525 1.24155 1.24787 1.21412
20 इजराइल 1.21174 1.27127 1.22703 1.14081 1.16926 1.186
21 पोलैंड 1.07468 0.960828 0.817343 0.839266 0.832384 1.14721
22 नीदरलैंड 0.952353 0.885129 0.818227 0.756212 0.860275 1.10655
23 नॉर्वे 0.535507 0.571734 0.614676 0.667969 0.682789 1.03384
24 एस्तोनिया 0.746338 0.76017 0.68394 0.752262 0.738564 1.02913
25 मेक्सिको 1.00796 0.954246 0.846744 0.953003 0.959052 0.932908
26 चीन 0.909906 1.00792 1.04036 1.16379 1.17107 0.911251
27 रोमानिया 0.73466 0.70694 0.751166 0.787654 0.82995 0.871347
28 मलेशिया 0.791729 0.91952 0.810485 0.828817 0.971262 0.865661
29 स्पेन 0.980784 0.842403 0.700457 0.701443 0.656088 0.841379
30 क्रोएशिया 0.91927 0.92595 0.822129 0.837178 0.745808 0.831182
31 कनाडा 0.526191 0.534847 0.421886 0.411362 0.3821 0.767588
32 सऊदी अरब -0.074789 -0.07214 -0.462099 -0.369927 -0.355486 0.766112
33 हाँग काँग 0.801652 1.09895 1.26313 1.35236 1.35536 0.749425
34 बेलोरूस 0.918398 0.82272 0.689295 0.731427 0.702788 0.723198
35 लिथुआनिया 0.64032 0.722513 0.673455 0.63807 0.561721 0.703753
36 थाईलैंड 0.870845 0.964292 0.87724 0.955651 1.05247 0.671775
37 लाटविया 0.600318 0.571625 0.478137 0.431584 0.373305 0.650211
38 सर्बिआ 0.590053 0.562507 0.361921 0.366673 0.316878 0.581892
39 पुर्तगाल 0.650139 0.6184 0.433862 0.4937 0.480985 0.555
40 बुल्गारिया 0.447953 0.497365 0.278113 0.290812 0.318417 0.53637
41 बोस्निया और हर्ज़िगोविना 0.592368 0.545884 0.562599 0.578374 0.486929 0.482107
42 रूस 0.009965 0.077047 0.048022 0.008439 -0.026792 0.467258
43 यूक्रेन 0.480965 0.469842 0.28954 0.268345 0.2257 0.455412
44 पनामा 0.630553 0.741643 0.710402 -0.558959 -0.560582 0.441168
45 फ़िलिपींस 0.331523 0.394726 0.341858 0.477815 0.381438 0.434081
46 टर्की 0.42938 0.450234 0.287393 0.378481 0.364792 0.404726
47 न्यूजीलैंड 0.064004 0.166665 -0.096978 -0.119421 -0.206663 0.371123
48 कोस्टा रिका 0.024263 0.247592 0.158575 0.093993 0.005485 0.3146
49 लेबनान 0.293449 0.281872 0.107992 0.177455 0.151603 0.248075
50 संयुक्त अरब अमीरात 0.030733 -0.009763 -0.090032 -0.362895 -0.251409 0.246693
51 भारत 0.091946 0.144541 -0.134587 -0.014696 0.016682 0.236866
52 ब्राज़िल 0.190826 0.161553 0.032264 -0.151225 -0.079082 0.229095
53 ग्रीस 0.052732 -0.02161 -0.210378 -0.167862 -0.157527 0.222362
54 उरुग्वे 0.081756 -0.003597 -0.330617 -0.349791 -0.267658 0.175781
55 कुवैत -0.296786 -0.436697 -1.49314 -0.836979 -0.789111 0.128739
56 अल सल्वाडोर -0.117335 -0.007233 -0.145168 -0.070683 -0.133223 0.112086
57 मकदूनिया -0.165571 -0.146735 -0.323051 -0.216515 -0.371769 0.105846
58 ट्यूनीशिया 0.233429 0.291069 0.16411 0.214778 0.163278 0.0973685
59 जॉर्डन 0.161675 0.216056 -0.140418 -0.010019 -0.004415 0.0687142
60 त्रिनिदाद एंड टोबेगो -0.567857 -0.858712 0.00787162
61 कोलंबिया -0.001219 0.049744 -0.234596 -0.194463 -0.216272 -0.00253314
62 ओमान -0.431956 -0.742942 -0.874505 -0.774658 -0.671414 -0.00355699
63 दक्षिण अफ्रीका 0.016592 -0.023795 -0.192079 -0.204966 -0.188863 -0.0292484
64 किर्गिस्तान -0.0461406
65 मिस्र -0.289977 -0.321576 -0.488663 -0.341403 -0.271803 -0.0702666
66 क़तर -0.395827 -0.390929 -0.41667 -0.264365 -0.525304 -0.131597
67 जॉर्जिया -0.152888 -0.168891 -0.419841 -0.457954 -0.455472 -0.136839
68 कजाखस्तान -0.853388 -0.787489 -0.961147 -1.00924 -0.994658 -0.140565
69 ऑस्ट्रेलिया -0.516626 -0.528256 -0.816851 -0.846322 -0.763708 -0.16901
70 अर्जेंटीना -0.063178 -0.148047 -0.496513 -0.502072 -0.528185 -0.179818
71 चिली -0.328124 -0.333627 -0.499261 -0.532363 -0.592885 -0.216857
72 मॉरिशस -0.245542
73 इंडोनेशिया -0.143199 -0.087123 -0.160233 -0.102013 -0.088124 -0.253646
74 जमैका -0.215289 -0.349499 -0.64931 -0.787602 -0.683642 -0.26616
75 मोलदोवा 0.049706 0.115221 -0.019913 -0.103664 -0.214357 -0.300825
76 वियतनाम -0.215986 -0.104485 -0.231462 -0.129961 -0.06973 -0.332587
77 डॉमिनिक गणराज्य -0.26414 -0.256286 -0.406432 -0.40546 -0.457736 -0.352578
78 ईरान -1.00321 -0.886393 -0.934617 -0.389103
79 ग्वाटेमाला -0.390539 -0.293485 -0.505798 -0.412311 -0.440422 -0.392704
80 यूगांडा -0.44042
81 अल्बानिया 0.272749 -0.472586 -0.684933 -0.542079 -0.650885 -0.487843
82 क्यूबा -0.507612
83 सेनेगल -0.810511 -0.622244 -0.744196 -0.721723 -0.847701 -0.53243
84 आज़रबाइजान -1.44623 -1.50891 -1.44358 -1.7818 -1.63889 -0.545569
85 होंडुरस -0.690727 -0.398168 -0.429599 -0.370913 -0.408544 -0.574449
86 श्रीलंका -0.482129 -0.368732 -0.530163 -0.369437 -0.465842 -0.579077
87 परागुआ -0.619805 -0.645452 -0.982503 -1.10231 -1.05565 -0.642897
88 सीरिया -0.670493 -0.644997
89 केन्या -0.610053 -0.580113 -0.616658 -0.51908 -0.57392 -0.658893
90 उज़्बेकिस्तान -0.555588 -0.531504 -0.663603
91 पाकिस्तान -0.752351 -0.805746 -1.03613 -0.86519 -0.889031 -0.666548
92 पेरू -0.746415 -0.742204 -1.01445 -0.956349 -0.986909 -0.68778
93 अल्जीरिया -1.28473 -1.56777 -2.08154 -1.77252 -1.6871 -0.715288
94 लाइबेरिया -0.7467
95 मोरक्को -0.509268 -0.535805 -0.774475 -0.559651 -0.747625 -0.75663
96 वेनेज़ुएला -0.811479 -1.12529 -0.942948 -0.803681
97 कंबोडिया -1.20676 -0.95203 -0.904026 -0.723043 -0.534499 -0.860402
98 माली -0.885402
99 ज़िम्बाब्वे -0.918402 -1.00205 -1.04674 -0.844104 -0.926026 -0.897424
100 लाओस -1.01474 -1.05514 -0.988196
101 इक्वेडोर -0.770023 -0.708563 -1.06674 -1.30875 -1.33499 -0.989348
102 तुर्कमेनिस्तान -1.00593 -1.09788 -1.00243
103 तंज़ानिया -0.995243 -0.730645 -0.919298 -1.03347 -1.0393 -1.00641
104 लीबिया -1.05141
105 इथियोपिया -1.26465 -1.15076 -1.46341 -1.56239 -1.46649 -1.06155
106 निकारागुआ -0.883107 -0.71229 -0.955061 -1.00073 -1.13505 -1.06876
107 ताजीकिस्तान -1.07242
108 बोलीविया -0.939743 -0.853344 -1.16084 -1.18122 -1.29269 -1.09992
109 अंगोला -2.09087 -2.79136 -1.10671
110 मंगोलिया -1.20509 -1.35158 -1.67769 -1.55696 -1.27419 -1.11654
111 बांग्लादेश -1.10503 -0.943499 -1.17559 -1.22314
112 ज़ाम्बिया -0.750633 -0.621731 -0.731336 -0.544915 -0.562239 -1.22629
113 कांगो गणराज्य के -1.21695 -1.12329 -0.675039 -0.730753 -0.814235 -1.28535
114 मेडागास्कर -0.831354 -0.726138 -0.823322 -0.820193 -0.964509 -1.32037
115 घाना -1.05444 -1.00907 -1.27263 -1.47184 -1.15991 -1.41096
116 गैबन -0.829728 -1.36163 -1.432
117 सूडान -1.93445 -1.65831 -1.873 -1.84461 -1.86774 -1.43747
118 यमन -1.22062 -1.14902 -1.34438 -1.30363 -1.46949
119 कोटे डी आइवर -1.20641 -1.0558 -1.05279 -1.17654 -1.14491 -1.51738
120 नाइजीरिया -1.71191 -1.61348 -1.73702 -1.72001 -1.79177 -1.54415
121 मॉरिटानिया -1.86292 -1.6776 -1.59462
122 मोज़ाम्बिक -1.3111 -1.16195 -1.22607 -1.2084 -1.14672 -1.61157
123 मलावी -1.6499
124 कैमरून -0.618845 -0.546339 -0.69924 -0.841034 -1.00906 -1.65947
125 पापुआ न्यू गिनीआ -1.74395
126 गिन्नी -1.72675 -1.66077 -2.17828 -1.77331 -1.9858
127 टोगो -0.837184 -0.778208 -0.671987 -0.462205 -0.371802
128 नामीबिया -0.602309 -0.241151 -0.328879 -0.381863 -0.397842
129 कांगो लोकतांत्रिक गणराज्य -1.06695 -1.29544
130 बोत्सवाना -0.354011 -0.532549 -0.574288 -0.790862 -0.877179
131 बर्मा -1.27821