The Economic Complexity Index (ECI) and the Product Complexity Index (PCI) are, respectively, measures of the relative knowledge intensity of an economy or a product. ECI measures the knowledge intensity of an economy by considering the knowledge intensity of the products it exports. PCI measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters. This circular argument is mathematically tractable and can be used to construct relative measures of the knowledge intensity of economies and products (see methodology section for more details).

ECI has been validated as a relevant economic measure by showing its ability to predict future economic growth (see Hidalgo and Hausmann 2009), and explain international variations in income inequality (see Hartmann et al. 2017.

This page includes rankings using the Economic Complexity Index (ECI).

डाउनलोड    कभी साल डाउनलोड करें

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Year Range

देश 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
1 स्विजरलैंड 1.95964 2.01041 2.05181 1.99456 2.12416 2.59625
2 जापान 2.31329 2.32408 2.37352 2.31842 2.34767 2.4687
3 सिंगापुर 1.68651 1.70347 1.71717 1.71171 1.72081 2.12695
4 कोरिया, दक्षिण 1.70696 1.64658 1.82762 1.90646 1.97403 1.9776
5 जर्मनी 1.9408 1.87347 1.84608 1.81367 1.91906 1.89589
6 स्वीडन 1.80518 1.75179 1.75214 1.6459 1.61477 1.59228
7 अमेरिका 1.49138 1.45359 1.43702 1.30167 1.32592 1.55257
8 यूनाइटेड किंगडम 1.54878 1.49378 1.45544 1.40296 1.34514 1.54527
9 चेक गणराज्य 1.69489 1.68896 1.53381 1.52129 1.56023 1.39521
10 इजराइल 1.21174 1.27127 1.22703 1.14081 1.16926 1.37382
11 आयरलैंड 1.1731 1.24971 1.28901 1.22044 1.31565 1.31298
12 हाँग काँग 0.801652 1.09895 1.26313 1.35236 1.35536 1.23447
13 फ्रांस 1.43611 1.36854 1.24155 1.15748 1.20672 1.15695
14 मलेशिया 0.791729 0.91952 0.810485 0.828817 0.971262 1.03133
15 हंगरी 1.53397 1.52192 1.43941 1.38229 1.40749 1.02935
16 बेल्जियम 1.13515 1.04707 0.951062 0.90581 0.9484 0.99588
17 इटली 1.33488 1.31024 1.21525 1.24155 1.24787 0.949015
18 चीन 0.909906 1.00792 1.04036 1.16379 1.17107 0.89219
19 स्लोवाकिया 1.37252 1.3272 1.21794 1.20436 1.27947 0.866871
20 नॉर्वे 0.535507 0.571734 0.614676 0.667969 0.682789 0.822228
21 डेन्मार्क 1.2369 1.13685 0.995356 0.95349 0.885645 0.808458
22 पोलैंड 1.07468 0.960828 0.817343 0.839266 0.832384 0.735418
23 एस्तोनिया 0.746338 0.76017 0.68394 0.752262 0.738564 0.649198
24 पनामा 0.630553 0.741643 0.710402 -0.558959 -0.560582 0.584897
25 मेक्सिको 1.00796 0.954246 0.846744 0.953003 0.959052 0.572282
26 लिथुआनिया 0.64032 0.722513 0.673455 0.63807 0.561721 0.462709
27 क्रोएशिया 0.91927 0.92595 0.822129 0.837178 0.745808 0.417804
28 स्पेन 0.980784 0.842403 0.700457 0.701443 0.656088 0.387094
29 कनाडा 0.526191 0.534847 0.421886 0.411362 0.3821 0.342765
30 बेलोरूस 0.918398 0.82272 0.689295 0.731427 0.702788 0.337386
31 संयुक्त अरब अमीरात 0.030733 -0.009763 -0.090032 -0.362895 -0.251409 0.241859
32 लाटविया 0.600318 0.571625 0.478137 0.431584 0.373305 0.197157
33 बुल्गारिया 0.447953 0.497365 0.278113 0.290812 0.318417 0.169379
34 रूस 0.009965 0.077047 0.048022 0.008439 -0.026792 0.142872
35 सर्बिआ 0.590053 0.562507 0.361921 0.366673 0.316878 0.0745877
36 पुर्तगाल 0.650139 0.6184 0.433862 0.4937 0.480985 0.0657328
37 भारत 0.091946 0.144541 -0.134587 -0.014696 0.016682 0.0490719
38 फ़िलिपींस 0.331523 0.394726 0.341858 0.477815 0.381438 0.0489485
39 बोस्निया और हर्ज़िगोविना 0.592368 0.545884 0.562599 0.578374 0.486929 0.0324603
40 जॉर्डन 0.161675 0.216056 -0.140418 -0.010019 -0.004415 -0.0100069
41 टर्की 0.42938 0.450234 0.287393 0.378481 0.364792 -0.0383133
42 दक्षिण अफ्रीका 0.016592 -0.023795 -0.192079 -0.204966 -0.188863 -0.0385376
43 ट्यूनीशिया 0.233429 0.291069 0.16411 0.214778 0.163278 -0.0927338
44 ब्राज़िल 0.190826 0.161553 0.032264 -0.151225 -0.079082 -0.103021
45 कोलंबिया -0.001219 0.049744 -0.234596 -0.194463 -0.216272 -0.123219
46 न्यूजीलैंड 0.064004 0.166665 -0.096978 -0.119421 -0.206663 -0.126994
47 कोस्टा रिका 0.024263 0.247592 0.158575 0.093993 0.005485 -0.177184
48 ग्रीस 0.052732 -0.02161 -0.210378 -0.167862 -0.157527 -0.19882
49 अल सल्वाडोर -0.117335 -0.007233 -0.145168 -0.070683 -0.133223 -0.263641
50 उरुग्वे 0.081756 -0.003597 -0.330617 -0.349791 -0.267658 -0.350881
51 इंडोनेशिया -0.143199 -0.087123 -0.160233 -0.102013 -0.088124 -0.365108
52 मिस्र -0.289977 -0.321576 -0.488663 -0.341403 -0.271803 -0.410868
53 मकदूनिया -0.165571 -0.146735 -0.323051 -0.216515 -0.371769 -0.423583
54 मॉरिशस -0.429113
55 ऑस्ट्रेलिया -0.516626 -0.528256 -0.816851 -0.846322 -0.763708 -0.468001
56 ओमान -0.431956 -0.742942 -0.874505 -0.774658 -0.671414 -0.52902
57 किर्गिस्तान -0.570333
58 नामीबिया -0.602309 -0.241151 -0.328879 -0.381863 -0.397842 -0.572063
59 डॉमिनिक गणराज्य -0.26414 -0.256286 -0.406432 -0.40546 -0.457736 -0.599903
60 अर्जेंटीना -0.063178 -0.148047 -0.496513 -0.502072 -0.528185 -0.622054
61 जमैका -0.215289 -0.349499 -0.64931 -0.787602 -0.683642 -0.657155
62 कजाखस्तान -0.853388 -0.787489 -0.961147 -1.00924 -0.994658 -0.703193
63 मोलदोवा 0.049706 0.115221 -0.019913 -0.103664 -0.214357 -0.734169
64 अल्जीरिया -1.28473 -1.56777 -2.08154 -1.77252 -1.6871 -0.781585
65 सेनेगल -0.810511 -0.622244 -0.744196 -0.721723 -0.847701 -0.808596
66 कंबोडिया -1.20676 -0.95203 -0.904026 -0.723043 -0.534499 -0.819875
67 जॉर्जिया -0.152888 -0.168891 -0.419841 -0.457954 -0.455472 -0.843737
68 श्रीलंका -0.482129 -0.368732 -0.530163 -0.369437 -0.465842 -0.852336
69 चिली -0.328124 -0.333627 -0.499261 -0.532363 -0.592885 -0.855573
70 बोत्सवाना -0.354011 -0.532549 -0.574288 -0.790862 -0.877179 -0.987254
71 अल्बानिया 0.272749 -0.472586 -0.684933 -0.542079 -0.650885 -0.997802
72 परागुआ -0.619805 -0.645452 -0.982503 -1.10231 -1.05565 -1.04279
73 माली -1.06046
74 पाकिस्तान -0.752351 -0.805746 -1.03613 -0.86519 -0.889031 -1.06616
75 मोरक्को -0.509268 -0.535805 -0.774475 -0.559651 -0.747625 -1.09205
76 पेरू -0.746415 -0.742204 -1.01445 -0.956349 -0.986909 -1.11161
77 ज़िम्बाब्वे -0.918402 -1.00205 -1.04674 -0.844104 -0.926026 -1.13868
78 घाना -1.05444 -1.00907 -1.27263 -1.47184 -1.15991 -1.19204
79 लाओस -1.01474 -1.05514 -1.20526
80 तंज़ानिया -0.995243 -0.730645 -0.919298 -1.03347 -1.0393 -1.20639
81 इथियोपिया -1.26465 -1.15076 -1.46341 -1.56239 -1.46649 -1.3311
82 इक्वेडोर -0.770023 -0.708563 -1.06674 -1.30875 -1.33499 -1.3774
83 मेडागास्कर -0.831354 -0.726138 -0.823322 -0.820193 -0.964509 -1.56216
84 मंगोलिया -1.20509 -1.35158 -1.67769 -1.55696 -1.27419 -1.76497
85 मॉरिटानिया -1.86292 -1.6776 -2.26649
86 ईरान -1.00321 -0.886393 -0.934617
87 थाईलैंड 0.870845 0.964292 0.87724 0.955651 1.05247
88 यमन -1.22062 -1.14902 -1.34438 -1.30363
89 वेनेज़ुएला -0.811479 -1.12529 -0.942948
90 रोमानिया 0.73466 0.70694 0.751166 0.787654 0.82995
91 टोगो -0.837184 -0.778208 -0.671987 -0.462205 -0.371802
92 सऊदी अरब -0.074789 -0.07214 -0.462099 -0.369927 -0.355486
93 कांगो गणराज्य के -1.21695 -1.12329 -0.675039 -0.730753 -0.814235
94 यूक्रेन 0.480965 0.469842 0.28954 0.268345 0.2257
95 वियतनाम -0.215986 -0.104485 -0.231462 -0.129961 -0.06973
96 कांगो लोकतांत्रिक गणराज्य -1.06695 -1.29544
97 गैबन -0.829728 -1.36163
98 अंगोला -2.09087 -2.79136
99 कुवैत -0.296786 -0.436697 -1.49314 -0.836979 -0.789111
100 निकारागुआ -0.883107 -0.71229 -0.955061 -1.00073 -1.13505
101 फ़िनलैंड 1.71439 1.61173 1.57477 1.49895 1.45829
102 सूडान -1.93445 -1.65831 -1.873 -1.84461 -1.86774
103 नाइजीरिया -1.71191 -1.61348 -1.73702 -1.72001 -1.79177
104 केन्या -0.610053 -0.580113 -0.616658 -0.51908 -0.57392
105 ऑस्ट्रिया 1.7891 1.71686 1.72767 1.64981 1.66445
106 सीरिया -0.670493
107 लेबनान 0.293449 0.281872 0.107992 0.177455 0.151603
108 कैमरून -0.618845 -0.546339 -0.69924 -0.841034 -1.00906
109 बर्मा -1.27821
110 मोज़ाम्बिक -1.3111 -1.16195 -1.22607 -1.2084 -1.14672
111 त्रिनिदाद एंड टोबेगो -0.567857 -0.858712
112 नीदरलैंड 0.952353 0.885129 0.818227 0.756212 0.860275
113 क़तर -0.395827 -0.390929 -0.41667 -0.264365 -0.525304
114 तुर्कमेनिस्तान -1.00593 -1.09788
115 होंडुरस -0.690727 -0.398168 -0.429599 -0.370913 -0.408544
116 ज़ाम्बिया -0.750633 -0.621731 -0.731336 -0.544915 -0.562239
117 उज़्बेकिस्तान -0.555588 -0.531504
118 बांग्लादेश -1.10503 -0.943499 -1.17559
119 गिन्नी -1.72675 -1.66077 -2.17828 -1.77331
120 कोटे डी आइवर -1.20641 -1.0558 -1.05279 -1.17654 -1.14491
121 बोलीविया -0.939743 -0.853344 -1.16084 -1.18122 -1.29269
122 आज़रबाइजान -1.44623 -1.50891 -1.44358 -1.7818 -1.63889
123 स्लोवेनिया 1.46906 1.43073 1.4359 1.41088 1.39199
124 ग्वाटेमाला -0.390539 -0.293485 -0.505798 -0.412311 -0.440422