The Economic Complexity Index (ECI) and the Product Complexity Index (PCI) are, respectively, measures of the relative knowledge intensity of an economy or a product. ECI measures the knowledge intensity of an economy by considering the knowledge intensity of the products it exports. PCI measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters. This circular argument is mathematically tractable and can be used to construct relative measures of the knowledge intensity of economies and products (see methodology section for more details).

ECI has been validated as a relevant economic measure by showing its ability to predict future economic growth (see Hidalgo and Hausmann 2009), and explain international variations in income inequality (see Hartmann et al. 2017.

This page includes rankings using the Economic Complexity Index (ECI).

Download    Бүх жил татаж авах

Showing

Year Range

Улс 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
1 Япон 2.31329 2.32408 2.37352 2.31842 2.34767 2.61516
2 Өмнөд Солонгос 1.70696 1.64658 1.82762 1.90646 1.97403 2.37378
3 Швейцарь улс 1.95964 2.01041 2.05181 1.99456 2.12416 2.33787
4 Сингапур 1.68651 1.70347 1.71717 1.71171 1.72081 2.25069
5 Герман 1.9408 1.87347 1.84608 1.81367 1.91906 1.89207
6 Хонг Конгийн 0.801652 1.09895 1.26313 1.35236 1.35536 1.47134
7 Чех улс 1.69489 1.68896 1.53381 1.52129 1.56023 1.42049
8 АНУ-ын 1.49138 1.45359 1.43702 1.30167 1.32592 1.3899
9 Нэгдсэн Вант Улс 1.54878 1.49378 1.45544 1.40296 1.34514 1.36113
10 Унгар 1.53397 1.52192 1.43941 1.38229 1.40749 1.24403
11 Израиль 1.21174 1.27127 1.22703 1.14081 1.16926 1.17832
12 Словак 1.37252 1.3272 1.21794 1.20436 1.27947 1.16945
13 Итали 1.33488 1.31024 1.21525 1.24155 1.24787 1.13343
14 Франц 1.43611 1.36854 1.24155 1.15748 1.20672 1.13204
15 Малайз 0.791729 0.91952 0.810485 0.828817 0.971262 1.12618
16 Ирланд 1.1731 1.24971 1.28901 1.22044 1.31565 1.10564
17 Хятад улс 0.909906 1.00792 1.04036 1.16379 1.17107 1.00689
18 Бельги 1.13515 1.04707 0.951062 0.90581 0.9484 0.978514
19 Мексик 1.00796 0.954246 0.846744 0.953003 0.959052 0.75823
20 Польш 1.07468 0.960828 0.817343 0.839266 0.832384 0.672875
21 Дани улс 1.2369 1.13685 0.995356 0.95349 0.885645 0.662894
22 Эстони улс 0.746338 0.76017 0.68394 0.752262 0.738564 0.545405
23 Норвеги улс 0.535507 0.571734 0.614676 0.667969 0.682789 0.518245
24 Хорват 0.91927 0.92595 0.822129 0.837178 0.745808 0.491664
25 Испани 0.980784 0.842403 0.700457 0.701443 0.656088 0.431715
26 Беларусь 0.918398 0.82272 0.689295 0.731427 0.702788 0.426
27 Филиппин 0.331523 0.394726 0.341858 0.477815 0.381438 0.389823
28 Босни ба Герцеговина 0.592368 0.545884 0.562599 0.578374 0.486929 0.368803
29 Арабын Нэгдсэн Эмират улс 0.030733 -0.009763 -0.090032 -0.362895 -0.251409 0.304849
30 Литва 0.64032 0.722513 0.673455 0.63807 0.561721 0.252274
31 Португал 0.650139 0.6184 0.433862 0.4937 0.480985 0.213795
32 Энэтхэг улс 0.091946 0.144541 -0.134587 -0.014696 0.016682 0.141007
33 Канад 0.526191 0.534847 0.421886 0.411362 0.3821 0.140373
34 Болгар 0.447953 0.497365 0.278113 0.290812 0.318417 0.139368
35 Серби 0.590053 0.562507 0.361921 0.366673 0.316878 0.114576
36 ОХУ- 0.009965 0.077047 0.048022 0.008439 -0.026792 0.049962
37 Турк 0.42938 0.450234 0.287393 0.378481 0.364792 0.0317636
38 Латви улс 0.600318 0.571625 0.478137 0.431584 0.373305 0.0284908
39 Тунис 0.233429 0.291069 0.16411 0.214778 0.163278 0.00202402
40 Грек 0.052732 -0.02161 -0.210378 -0.167862 -0.157527 -0.0404171
41 Бразил 0.190826 0.161553 0.032264 -0.151225 -0.079082 -0.0835801
42 Индонез -0.143199 -0.087123 -0.160233 -0.102013 -0.088124 -0.0852673
43 Панам 0.630553 0.741643 0.710402 -0.558959 -0.560582 -0.116362
44 Коста-Рика 0.024263 0.247592 0.158575 0.093993 0.005485 -0.159627
45 Колумб -0.001219 0.049744 -0.234596 -0.194463 -0.216272 -0.19239
46 Жордан 0.161675 0.216056 -0.140418 -0.010019 -0.004415 -0.221577
47 Эль Сальвадор -0.117335 -0.007233 -0.145168 -0.070683 -0.133223 -0.274391
48 Өмнөд Африк 0.016592 -0.023795 -0.192079 -0.204966 -0.188863 -0.295213
49 Оман -0.431956 -0.742942 -0.874505 -0.774658 -0.671414 -0.382714
50 Египет -0.289977 -0.321576 -0.488663 -0.341403 -0.271803 -0.395968
51 Мавритани -0.40707
52 Киргизстан -0.457679
53 Шри-Ланка -0.482129 -0.368732 -0.530163 -0.369437 -0.465842 -0.465951
54 Шинэ Зеланд 0.064004 0.166665 -0.096978 -0.119421 -0.206663 -0.472886
55 Молдав 0.049706 0.115221 -0.019913 -0.103664 -0.214357 -0.481255
56 Уругвай 0.081756 -0.003597 -0.330617 -0.349791 -0.267658 -0.501094
57 Доминиканы Бүгд Найрамдах Улс -0.26414 -0.256286 -0.406432 -0.40546 -0.457736 -0.501275
58 Македон -0.165571 -0.146735 -0.323051 -0.216515 -0.371769 -0.606872
59 Гүрж -0.152888 -0.168891 -0.419841 -0.457954 -0.455472 -0.634878
60 Ямайка -0.215289 -0.349499 -0.64931 -0.787602 -0.683642 -0.694666
61 Швед 1.80518 1.75179 1.75214 1.6459 1.61477 -0.714396
62 Сенегал -0.810511 -0.622244 -0.744196 -0.721723 -0.847701 -0.746684
63 Камбож улс -1.20676 -0.95203 -0.904026 -0.723043 -0.534499 -0.750174
64 Казахстан -0.853388 -0.787489 -0.961147 -1.00924 -0.994658 -0.781491
65 Намиб -0.602309 -0.241151 -0.328879 -0.381863 -0.397842 -0.834151
66 Лаос -1.01474 -1.05514 -0.845389
67 Албани 0.272749 -0.472586 -0.684933 -0.542079 -0.650885 -0.871937
68 Аргентин -0.063178 -0.148047 -0.496513 -0.502072 -0.528185 -0.882143
69 Чили улс -0.328124 -0.333627 -0.499261 -0.532363 -0.592885 -0.899662
70 Марокко -0.509268 -0.535805 -0.774475 -0.559651 -0.747625 -0.944238
71 Австрали -0.516626 -0.528256 -0.816851 -0.846322 -0.763708 -0.972731
72 Алжир -1.28473 -1.56777 -2.08154 -1.77252 -1.6871 -0.99361
73 Парагвай -0.619805 -0.645452 -0.982503 -1.10231 -1.05565 -1.06909
74 Перу улс -0.746415 -0.742204 -1.01445 -0.956349 -0.986909 -1.0828
75 Мали -1.12138
76 Гана улс -1.05444 -1.00907 -1.27263 -1.47184 -1.15991 -1.12468
77 Зимбабве -0.918402 -1.00205 -1.04674 -0.844104 -0.926026 -1.13478
78 Пакистан -0.752351 -0.805746 -1.03613 -0.86519 -0.889031 -1.13883
79 Этиоп -1.26465 -1.15076 -1.46341 -1.56239 -1.46649 -1.16391
80 Мадагаскар -0.831354 -0.726138 -0.823322 -0.820193 -0.964509 -1.18288
81 Ботсван -0.354011 -0.532549 -0.574288 -0.790862 -0.877179 -1.22746
82 Танзани -0.995243 -0.730645 -0.919298 -1.03347 -1.0393 -1.23583
83 Эквадор -0.770023 -0.708563 -1.06674 -1.30875 -1.33499 -1.31897
84 Монгол улс -1.20509 -1.35158 -1.67769 -1.55696 -1.27419 -1.67118
85 Мавритани -1.86292 -1.6776 -2.34538
86 Иран улс -1.00321 -0.886393 -0.934617
87 Тайланд 0.870845 0.964292 0.87724 0.955651 1.05247
88 Йемен -1.22062 -1.14902 -1.34438 -1.30363
89 Венесуэл -0.811479 -1.12529 -0.942948
90 Румын 0.73466 0.70694 0.751166 0.787654 0.82995
91 Того -0.837184 -0.778208 -0.671987 -0.462205 -0.371802
92 Саудын Араб -0.074789 -0.07214 -0.462099 -0.369927 -0.355486
93 Конго, Бүгд Найрамдах Улс -1.21695 -1.12329 -0.675039 -0.730753 -0.814235
94 Украйн 0.480965 0.469842 0.28954 0.268345 0.2257
95 Вьетнам -0.215986 -0.104485 -0.231462 -0.129961 -0.06973
96 Конго, Бүгд Найрамдах Ардчилсан -1.06695 -1.29544
97 Габон -0.829728 -1.36163
98 Ангол -2.09087 -2.79136
99 Кувейт -0.296786 -0.436697 -1.49314 -0.836979 -0.789111
100 Никарагуа -0.883107 -0.71229 -0.955061 -1.00073 -1.13505
101 Финлянд 1.71439 1.61173 1.57477 1.49895 1.45829
102 Судан -1.93445 -1.65831 -1.873 -1.84461 -1.86774
103 Нигери улс -1.71191 -1.61348 -1.73702 -1.72001 -1.79177
104 Кени -0.610053 -0.580113 -0.616658 -0.51908 -0.57392
105 Австри 1.7891 1.71686 1.72767 1.64981 1.66445
106 Сири -0.670493
107 Ливан 0.293449 0.281872 0.107992 0.177455 0.151603
108 Камерун -0.618845 -0.546339 -0.69924 -0.841034 -1.00906
109 Бирм -1.27821
110 Мозамбик -1.3111 -1.16195 -1.22607 -1.2084 -1.14672
111 Тринидад ба Тобаго -0.567857 -0.858712
112 Нидерланд 0.952353 0.885129 0.818227 0.756212 0.860275
113 Катар улс -0.395827 -0.390929 -0.41667 -0.264365 -0.525304
114 Туркменистан -1.00593 -1.09788
115 Гондурас -0.690727 -0.398168 -0.429599 -0.370913 -0.408544
116 Замби -0.750633 -0.621731 -0.731336 -0.544915 -0.562239
117 Узбекстан -0.555588 -0.531504
118 Бангладеш -1.10503 -0.943499 -1.17559
119 Гвиней -1.72675 -1.66077 -2.17828 -1.77331
120 Зааны Ясан Эрэг улсын -1.20641 -1.0558 -1.05279 -1.17654 -1.14491
121 Болив -0.939743 -0.853344 -1.16084 -1.18122 -1.29269
122 Азербайжаны -1.44623 -1.50891 -1.44358 -1.7818 -1.63889
123 Словени 1.46906 1.43073 1.4359 1.41088 1.39199
124 Гватемал -0.390539 -0.293485 -0.505798 -0.412311 -0.440422