The Economic Complexity Index (ECI) and the Product Complexity Index (PCI) are, respectively, measures of the relative knowledge intensity of an economy or a product. ECI measures the knowledge intensity of an economy by considering the knowledge intensity of the products it exports. PCI measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters. This circular argument is mathematically tractable and can be used to construct relative measures of the knowledge intensity of economies and products (see methodology section for more details).

ECI has been validated as a relevant economic measure by showing its ability to predict future economic growth (see Hidalgo and Hausmann 2009), and explain international variations in income inequality (see Hartmann et al. 2017.

This page includes rankings using the Economic Complexity Index (ECI).

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Year Range

Улс 1968 1969 1970 1971 1972
1 Герман 2.29043 2.28258 2.30919 2.24741 2.29945
2 Швейцарь улс 2.1625 2.09088 2.13549 2.01508 2.04004
3 Нэгдсэн Вант Улс 2.0158 2.03973 2.0578 2.03752 2.03438
4 Швед 2.05498 1.97973 1.98691 1.91456 2.03225
5 Япон 1.92797 1.94451 1.97001 1.93272 1.98772
6 Австри 1.98078 1.92701 1.99157 1.96936 1.94613
7 Итали 1.81562 1.80442 1.84658 1.81948 1.8205
8 АНУ-ын 1.80736 1.82113 1.75874 1.69342 1.71798
9 Франц 1.75071 1.73018 1.73046 1.69848 1.66878
10 Бельги 1.53657 1.52145 1.46409 1.48649 1.47614
11 Финлянд 1.38039 1.45759 1.42408 1.35226 1.37407
12 Дани улс 1.30555 1.32305 1.38827 1.35966 1.37284
13 Хонг Конгийн 1.28635 1.26272 1.28574 1.22027 1.24999
14 Нидерланд 1.30488 1.28544 1.28366 1.24771 1.24832
15 Норвеги улс 1.38974 1.38927 1.31026 1.24371 1.23394
16 Унгар 1.10248 1.02343 1.01005 1.01019 0.977467
17 Ирланд 0.948167 0.879141 0.967741 1.00326 0.966161
18 Зимбабве 0.922071 1.08494 1.15234 1.1095 0.959187
19 Испани 0.602475 0.805464 0.864415 0.916294 0.921629
20 Португал 0.895702 0.946908 0.940221 0.947728 0.897661
21 Польш 0.882682 0.893808 0.833854 0.875648 0.844756
22 Румын 0.464902 0.633043 0.606859 0.697563 0.740619
23 Канад 0.803205 0.829068 0.671882 0.709441 0.723165
24 Израиль 0.627411 0.712611 0.617849 0.64909 0.692241
25 Эль Сальвадор 0.579651 0.547753 0.565368 0.554931 0.678434
26 Ливан 0.490028 0.533752 0.647574 0.599343 0.631402
27 Өмнөд Солонгос 0.708068 0.732955 0.621873 0.627842 0.626045
28 Катар улс -1.61823 -0.645333 -0.07853 0.046028 0.609986
29 Болгар 0.486855 0.530517 0.514371 0.588835 0.589544
30 Коста-Рика 0.659682 0.543581 0.585106 0.474371 0.577735
31 Панам 0.900246 0.885879 0.933754 0.606507 0.543671
32 Хятад улс 0.564777 0.541641 0.56752 0.525819 0.514375
33 Тринидад ба Тобаго 0.019173 0.136406 0.01314 0.351749 0.44187
34 Шинэ Зеланд 0.116224 0.122129 0.136762 0.22548 0.353045
35 Мексик 0.036176 0.113615 0.256898 0.348713 0.319915
36 Жордан 0.495193 0.596004 0.597902 0.689381 0.319037
37 Уругвай 0.335919 0.180582 0.261768 0.298024 0.271904
38 Гватемал 0.205069 0.351906 0.321518 0.314459 0.240257
39 Грек 0.172181 0.117929 0.263971 0.314837 0.221012
40 Сингапур 0.256625 0.131842 0.063316 0.010946 0.207166
41 Никарагуа 0.080425 0.111926 0.237144 0.158069 0.168931
42 Энэтхэг улс -0.069321 0.052822 0.146517 0.151577 0.111218
43 Албани 0.056063 0.061086 -0.024968 0.089795 0.09419
44 Египет -0.152495 -0.214962 -0.136492 -0.026385 0.084044
45 Чили улс -0.20273 -0.017258 -0.071417 0.013151 0.065106
46 Австрали 0.268314 0.135157 0.068696 0.057807 0.043605
47 Аргентин -0.2747 -0.248754 -0.139189 -0.117285 -0.021875
48 Колумб -0.168593 -0.360003 -0.193596 -0.118563 -0.088109
49 Марокко -0.387013 -0.411634 -0.315138 -0.194403 -0.18728
50 Вьетнам -0.015737 -0.201158 -0.021656 -0.234389 -0.195863
51 Ямайка -0.343456 -0.358714 -0.259814 -0.207051 -0.205072
52 Тунис -0.239807 -0.084226 -0.134677 -0.214765 -0.277761
53 Өмнөд Африк -0.383453 -0.409667 -0.365206 -0.288454 -0.290437
54 Сенегал -0.377609 -0.425614 -0.503889 -0.449499 -0.308306
55 Пакистан -0.367673 -0.368162 -0.231935 -0.247639 -0.317045
56 Кени -0.731571 -0.752076 -0.574831 -0.289811 -0.374348
57 Сири -0.255758 -0.502398 -0.433337 -0.289283 -0.387965
58 Доминиканы Бүгд Найрамдах Улс -0.826126 -0.558 -0.688536 -0.443618 -0.40791
59 Гондурас -0.197737 -0.20942 -0.177444 -0.273195 -0.409435
60 Турк -0.864073 -0.850097 -0.545683 -0.515846 -0.467437
61 Арабын Нэгдсэн Эмират улс 1.02527 0.693872 -0.734606 -0.325083 -0.483392
62 Кувейт -1.10223 -0.991073 -0.916529 -0.707222 -0.530043
63 Того -1.01094 -1.36065 -1.07225 -0.6516 -0.533978
64 Бразил -0.702449 -0.565923 -0.54633 -0.614586 -0.546039
65 Филиппин -0.479011 -0.540272 -0.477216 -0.447083 -0.55777
66 Венесуэл -0.394938 -0.424707 -0.687622 -0.88009 -0.572191
67 Алжир -0.469397 -0.521161 -0.492765 -0.387895 -0.581162
68 Бангладеш -0.583664
69 Парагвай -0.587674 -0.674242 -0.503316 -0.492994 -0.612634
70 Малайз -0.439566 -0.579548 -0.678805 -0.882138 -0.719569
71 Тайланд -0.870876 -0.841727 -0.826566 -0.852995 -0.778683
72 Болив -0.876756 -0.926964 -0.792537 -0.780383 -0.795227
73 Перу улс -0.697814 -0.688604 -0.907499 -0.826122 -0.795581
74 Иран улс -0.823465 -0.76819 -0.82755 -0.805196 -0.832824
75 Мадагаскар -1.0524 -1.05855 -1.00788 -0.962487 -0.889362
76 Мозамбик -0.869069 -0.821813 -0.80825 -0.795592 -0.900928
77 Лаос -0.815614 -0.923599 -0.641542 -0.73136 -0.92082
78 Саудын Араб -0.943115 -0.62291 -0.879255 -1.01507 -0.924268
79 Мавритани -1.01189 -0.541496 -0.604379 -0.632401 -0.934725
80 Камерун -0.758248 -0.843236 -0.817342 -0.935888 -0.958583
81 Гана улс -0.773767 -0.851496 -1.05177 -0.993839 -1.04168
82 Бирм -1.06872 -1.13729 -1.1461 -1.37593 -1.05842
83 Конго, Бүгд Найрамдах Улс -0.857768 -0.844418 -0.96419 -0.964024 -1.07979
84 Гвиней -1.09043 -1.16134 -1.102 -0.846298 -1.08984
85 Камбож улс -0.870425 -0.922801 -1.19009 -1.07522 -1.10812
86 Эквадор -0.891331 -0.911034 -0.998564 -1.07145 -1.11334
87 Шри-Ланка -1.11778 -0.908343 -0.94655 -1.0083 -1.11622
88 Оман -1.33728 -1.40809 -1.1488 -1.35187 -1.13284
89 Зааны Ясан Эрэг улсын -1.00629 -1.18414 -1.10706 -1.23779 -1.14784
90 Этиоп -0.932435 -0.87046 -1.02267 -1.03374 -1.15615
91 Танзани -1.23856 -1.30574 -1.23245 -1.25281 -1.27276
92 Замби -0.792187 -0.842796 -1.29254 -1.19932 -1.27385
93 Ангол -1.23318 -1.22352 -1.20874 -1.32727 -1.28119
94 Судан -1.18166 -1.39571 -1.30781 -1.54086 -1.3197
95 Габон -1.24293 -1.41464 -1.24468 -1.62498 -1.3714
96 Индонез -1.10962 -1.0897 -1.26172 -1.35609 -1.4636
97 Нигери улс -1.43376 -1.6612 -1.70208 -1.86444 -2.02801