The Economic Complexity Index (ECI) and the Product Complexity Index (PCI) are, respectively, measures of the relative knowledge intensity of an economy or a product. ECI measures the knowledge intensity of an economy by considering the knowledge intensity of the products it exports. PCI measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters. This circular argument is mathematically tractable and can be used to construct relative measures of the knowledge intensity of economies and products (see methodology section for more details).

ECI has been validated as a relevant economic measure by showing its ability to predict future economic growth (see Hidalgo and Hausmann 2009), and explain international variations in income inequality (see Hartmann et al. 2017.

This page includes rankings using the Economic Complexity Index (ECI).

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Year Range

Улс 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977
1 Герман 2.31199 2.1881 2.0945 1.88162 1.91189
2 Швед 2.0072 1.97976 1.94479 1.78681 1.81863
3 Япон 2.06442 1.89414 1.88449 1.71844 1.79081
4 Австри 1.88468 1.90756 1.8608 1.70802 1.7341
5 Швейцарь улс 1.98867 1.93517 1.82118 1.69141 1.73321
6 Нэгдсэн Вант Улс 2.04552 1.93043 1.8346 1.6602 1.72792
7 Итали 1.79484 1.73502 1.66015 1.55495 1.57614
8 Франц 1.61751 1.65195 1.58377 1.49599 1.54568
9 АНУ-ын 1.67185 1.63622 1.52574 1.40271 1.48685
10 Бельги 1.44249 1.47628 1.49865 1.36239 1.34301
11 Финлянд 1.34622 1.41397 1.41914 1.27995 1.29729
12 Дани улс 1.35135 1.29079 1.32153 1.2192 1.22964
13 Норвеги улс 1.38708 1.30666 1.22566 1.12291 1.20319
14 Жордан 0.350396 0.359079 0.640662 1.04364 1.14715
15 Нидерланд 1.2507 1.1773 1.13294 1.01535 1.06845
16 Ливан 0.695391 0.761648 0.712371 0.922862 0.978699
17 Ирланд 1.01993 1.04279 1.07572 0.930576 0.950345
18 Кувейт -0.580382 -0.671988 -0.478695 0.997675 0.938192
19 Испани 0.903208 0.950058 0.9951 0.821651 0.913434
20 Хонг Конгийн 1.37248 1.14592 1.15176 0.968926 0.889431
21 Израиль 0.747705 0.77872 0.875202 0.815083 0.876125
22 Канад 0.627947 0.66737 0.78543 0.81458 0.869288
23 Польш 0.890208 0.879724 0.997645 0.868974 0.86358
24 Унгар 0.962564 0.927532 0.966144 0.806986 0.854007
25 Арабын Нэгдсэн Эмират улс -1.16526 -0.491762 -1.15238 1.02117 0.786587
26 Сири -0.35571 -0.202059 -0.12899 0.700835 0.769084
27 Португал 0.902619 0.82155 0.854045 0.69349 0.740047
28 Монгол улс 0.297181 0.300554 0.539567 0.712628
29 Өмнөд Солонгос 0.761627 0.821309 0.829413 0.753741 0.682189
30 Болгар 0.613131 0.770913 0.820792 0.7584 0.66881
31 Мексик 0.352259 0.583489 0.646014 0.643311 0.662488
32 Румын 0.774934 0.671174 0.621123 0.605972 0.620529
33 Зимбабве 0.972448 1.00227 1.08859 0.761066 0.510551
34 Грек 0.201106 0.32517 0.415036 0.555026 0.47587
35 Сингапур 0.286793 0.296666 0.29783 0.318454 0.40171
36 Уругвай 0.322398 0.405485 0.408375 0.429916 0.348066
37 Оман -0.852098 -0.379688 -0.814211 1.0337 0.327238
38 Коста-Рика 0.53157 0.619416 0.607385 0.383784 0.301146
39 Энэтхэг улс 0.092628 0.170085 0.235067 0.260826 0.285061
40 Хятад улс 0.543544 0.497583 0.484235 0.341003 0.278706
41 Эль Сальвадор 0.681508 0.659586 0.610358 0.368276 0.274197
42 Шинэ Зеланд 0.462662 0.405668 0.293033 0.190948 0.262797
43 Камбож улс -1.02784 -0.62695 -0.342256 -0.150939 0.173955
44 Аргентин 0.117281 0.269263 0.390731 0.184318 0.129156
45 Панам 0.467348 0.483249 0.388707 0.273613 0.118599
46 Пакистан -0.280222 -0.101056 -0.025431 0.031359 0.079415
47 Египет 0.118683 0.063234 0.077666 0.061756 0.061075
48 Ямайка 0.028676 0.107055 -0.01524 0.082339 0.039221
49 Гватемал 0.337624 0.261837 0.239749 0.064876 0.019909
50 Колумб 0.106428 0.253689 0.267366 0.141144 -0.015421
51 Катар улс -0.700533 -0.961946 -1.13544 0.343811 -0.027909
52 Турк -0.337298 -0.289211 -0.23484 0.015191 -0.036495
53 Австрали 0.01988 0.002005 -0.044957 -0.088588 -0.050256
54 Өмнөд Африк -0.299252 -0.290143 -0.25239 -0.320777 -0.153402
55 Лаос -0.866594 -0.909832 -0.714096 -0.68125 -0.15913
56 Марокко -0.26061 -0.329085 -0.223595 -0.229217 -0.171619
57 Вьетнам -0.189671 -0.150127 -0.10675 -0.326853 -0.224908
58 Тунис -0.191241 -0.109595 -0.026107 -0.171232 -0.242852
59 Чили улс 0.057265 -0.114033 0.011746 -0.254118 -0.253737
60 Никарагуа 0.028206 0.082136 0.05211 -0.199501 -0.255258
61 Бразил -0.372521 -0.341572 -0.21511 -0.308122 -0.259673
62 Албани -0.064341 -0.170026 -0.138748 -0.171997 -0.267863
63 Доминиканы Бүгд Найрамдах Улс -0.255854 -0.111751 -0.217707 -0.26608 -0.269721
64 Малайз -0.86161 -0.583411 -0.574961 -0.415963 -0.291443
65 Гондурас -0.444479 -0.216776 -0.315171 -0.410047 -0.316132
66 Кени -0.385182 -0.511042 -0.542436 -0.384282 -0.319238
67 Филиппин -0.600374 -0.481102 -0.189632 -0.177066 -0.3233
68 Тайланд -0.636195 -0.512015 -0.51068 -0.484416 -0.40357
69 Сенегал -0.311544 -0.338371 -0.328214 -0.612047 -0.472473
70 Тринидад ба Тобаго 0.254467 0.171132 -0.091113 -0.254482 -0.503068
71 Перу улс -0.800638 -0.711308 -0.632461 -0.532239 -0.521048
72 Парагвай -0.481644 -0.493307 -0.402084 -0.656455 -0.531246
73 Бангладеш -0.380092 -0.233379 -0.539728 -0.915828 -0.750175
74 Мавритани -0.905246 -0.929071 -0.661912 -0.805415 -0.761595
75 Алжир -0.634155 -0.772504 -0.658009 -0.81583 -0.822023
76 Шри-Ланка -0.898494 -0.983562 -0.887723 -1.05163 -0.851707
77 Болив -0.980488 -1.04562 -0.996872 -0.926734 -0.870114
78 Того -0.462118 -0.765912 -0.549275 -0.861637 -0.911725
79 Замби -1.09525 -1.00321 -0.868636 -0.911014 -0.937637
80 Мозамбик -0.73104 -0.746801 -0.85923 -1.01832 -1.00105
81 Бирм -0.868736 -0.926276 -1.10767 -1.00505 -1.04818
82 Этиоп -1.07269 -1.03366 -0.994609 -1.02621 -1.05803
83 Камерун -0.708526 -0.951974 -0.981177 -1.169 -1.13052
84 Танзани -1.16077 -1.24789 -1.25273 -1.24371 -1.13742
85 Зааны Ясан Эрэг улсын -1.18693 -1.3391 -1.1907 -1.5193 -1.17047
86 Эквадор -1.04445 -0.934708 -1.04695 -1.16866 -1.18658
87 Венесуэл -0.720852 -1.2073 -1.10367 -0.985057 -1.21212
88 Судан -1.2759 -1.01438 -1.05126 -1.17056 -1.25543
89 Мадагаскар -0.937656 -1.04524 -1.1211 -1.26861 -1.26945
90 Иран улс -1.17204 -1.38935 -1.42703 -1.37322 -1.42882
91 Конго, Бүгд Найрамдах Улс -1.17314 -1.22077 -1.21109 -1.51863 -1.50926
92 Гана улс -1.17829 -1.29589 -1.17729 -1.42182 -1.52408
93 Габон -1.58036 -1.60746 -1.88408 -1.66631 -1.53803
94 Ангол -1.15258 -1.14003 -1.24488 -1.37667 -1.54506
95 Индонез -1.34541 -1.57939 -1.65005 -1.82354 -1.66825
96 Саудын Араб -1.46699 -1.89302 -1.88804 -1.48968 -1.87989
97 Гвиней -0.884032 -1.27342 -1.36993 -1.7674 -2.19914
98 Нигери улс -2.01528 -2.06088 -2.09044 -2.47587 -2.21442