The Economic Complexity Index (ECI) and the Product Complexity Index (PCI) are, respectively, measures of the relative knowledge intensity of an economy or a product. ECI measures the knowledge intensity of an economy by considering the knowledge intensity of the products it exports. PCI measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters. This circular argument is mathematically tractable and can be used to construct relative measures of the knowledge intensity of economies and products (see methodology section for more details).

ECI has been validated as a relevant economic measure by showing its ability to predict future economic growth (see Hidalgo and Hausmann 2009), and explain international variations in income inequality (see Hartmann et al. 2017.

This page includes rankings using the Economic Complexity Index (ECI).

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Year Range

Улс 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982
1 Герман 1.98571 2.13579 2.0861 2.01825 1.98445
2 Швед 1.91341 1.95309 1.92992 1.93062 1.89183
3 Нэгдсэн Вант Улс 1.79062 1.84999 1.85741 1.8527 1.82493
4 Япон 1.83684 1.94395 1.88833 1.83755 1.81597
5 Швейцарь улс 1.813 1.99453 2.00572 1.92464 1.79668
6 Австри 1.81273 1.93101 1.88666 1.84022 1.79374
7 Франц 1.62775 1.68432 1.6675 1.61752 1.64914
8 Итали 1.6234 1.69198 1.64847 1.62263 1.64022
9 АНУ-ын 1.44382 1.50259 1.5004 1.51882 1.46216
10 Финлянд 1.34838 1.35975 1.46544 1.36337 1.43566
11 Бельги 1.39968 1.42368 1.4946 1.49442 1.43398
12 Дани улс 1.32044 1.34456 1.36878 1.35121 1.36344
13 Ирланд 1.13131 1.1536 1.21233 1.27098 1.23034
14 Нидерланд 1.07978 1.16236 1.14066 1.15826 1.11056
15 Испани 1.00921 1.05235 1.06151 1.04731 1.08526
16 Израиль 0.856037 0.781789 0.841083 1.07216 1.08025
17 Польш 0.833613 0.885866 0.983217 1.02368 1.01759
18 Норвеги улс 1.13072 1.06658 1.02257 0.966306 0.999488
19 Камбож улс 0.418704 0.686277 0.953869 1.1079 0.967635
20 Унгар 0.911598 0.944537 0.927901 0.950599 0.961064
21 Португал 0.766385 0.862483 0.84277 0.841855 0.910184
22 Канад 0.846039 0.833572 0.857068 0.94163 0.905164
23 Өмнөд Солонгос 0.767752 0.819243 0.85489 0.902423 0.885554
24 Хонг Конгийн 0.911861 0.928507 0.899815 0.830525 0.837076
25 Жордан 1.10643 1.0003 0.90679 0.758856 0.820758
26 Румын 0.703638 0.696607 0.607707 0.648055 0.722751
27 Болгар 0.665983 0.675666 0.633252 0.681308 0.708309
28 Ливан 0.932121 0.67831 0.581226 0.587277 0.666476
29 Шинэ Зеланд 0.290817 0.293272 0.287538 0.417413 0.411588
30 Панам 0.190321 0.133036 0.225306 0.37013 0.390468
31 Мексик 0.600371 0.533398 0.448728 0.483624 0.37141
32 Эль Сальвадор 0.331769 0.286214 0.192411 0.293248 0.366672
33 Грек 0.447339 0.272871 0.141741 0.317374 0.354312
34 Албани 0.027023 -0.074055 0.420676 0.242285 0.347362
35 Уругвай 0.276794 0.33441 0.34675 0.308764 0.336185
36 Хятад улс 0.291819 0.299534 0.320765 0.320562 0.313648
37 Бразил -0.181274 -0.106942 0.067672 0.117213 0.286643
38 Сингапур 0.274431 0.169053 0.160756 0.216724 0.277628
39 Турк -0.113783 -0.141234 -0.088335 0.064652 0.267097
40 Энэтхэг улс 0.272973 0.25889 0.27281 0.282423 0.265235
41 Гватемал 0.029384 0.079735 0.103098 0.171701 0.242111
42 Коста-Рика 0.30829 0.354579 0.359232 0.284733 0.214813
43 Колумб -0.191699 -0.15778 -0.220389 -0.021815 0.198478
44 Кувейт 0.66765 0.034041 0.110441 0.150772 0.191197
45 Тунис -0.263188 -0.163192 -0.078853 -0.044769 0.097075
46 Австрали -0.038578 -0.044982 -0.094969 -0.147273 -0.007137
47 Лаос -0.116997 -0.110284 0.013824 0.088764 -0.015012
48 Аргентин 0.100627 -0.030212 -0.100055 -0.088912 -0.04017
49 Ямайка 0.111522 -0.108446 -0.078034 -0.013388 -0.066094
50 Пакистан 0.099332 0.031184 -0.115404 -0.13179 -0.073382
51 Өмнөд Африк -0.225034 -0.149801 -0.085272 -0.082639 -0.084774
52 Сири 0.720633 0.165746 -0.402598 -0.359806 -0.1311
53 Марокко -0.153656 -0.155585 -0.167354 -0.167639 -0.136266
54 Филиппин -0.145795 -0.212291 -0.140206 -0.153217 -0.13915
55 Монгол улс 0.6664 0.517489 0.186925 0.175424 -0.142225
56 Сенегал -0.564835 -0.521327 -0.502146 -0.22909 -0.164245
57 Тайланд -0.269411 -0.199437 -0.178685 -0.152445 -0.174918
58 Никарагуа -0.164669 -0.105189 -0.110342 -0.232164 -0.194655
59 Тринидад ба Тобаго -0.179923 -0.395649 -0.693578 -0.282267 -0.195771
60 Чили улс -0.192636 -0.300832 -0.231075 -0.201121 -0.206138
61 Доминиканы Бүгд Найрамдах Улс -0.055693 -0.15358 -0.198638 -0.241778 -0.242779
62 Катар улс -0.796915 0.112702 0.307791 -0.195983 -0.301367
63 Малайз -0.195103 -0.304213 -0.364096 -0.39127 -0.301706
64 Перу улс -0.600074 -0.220861 -0.165561 -0.285008 -0.38563
65 Зимбабве 0.14211 0.352027 -0.514413 -0.60849 -0.395937
66 Гондурас -0.398216 -0.579062 -0.525357 -0.524518 -0.423259
67 Мозамбик -0.918985 -0.484657 -0.580247 -0.623075 -0.47178
68 Арабын Нэгдсэн Эмират улс 0.216543 -0.105964 0.171413 -0.075462 -0.47584
69 Кени -0.262464 -0.35219 -0.319034 -0.389878 -0.490322
70 Египет -0.00279 -0.154764 -0.377018 -0.558607 -0.537723
71 Вьетнам -0.203335 -0.438961 -0.322191 -0.349642 -0.611483
72 Бангладеш -0.546402 -0.581606 -0.473513 -0.58621 -0.629682
73 Шри-Ланка -0.807947 -0.61599 -0.585217 -0.603583 -0.640165
74 Эквадор -1.32066 -1.11174 -0.644096 -0.780416 -0.691914
75 Бирм -0.882072 -0.830871 -0.807171 -0.667566 -0.694097
76 Замби -0.85791 -0.780084 -0.732815 -0.51962 -0.704497
77 Этиоп -1.07115 -1.19928 -1.17153 -1.05514 -0.7192
78 Оман -0.509484 -0.612259 -0.124307 -0.036912 -0.719467
79 Танзани -1.22402 -1.11669 -0.88241 -0.881603 -0.793757
80 Парагвай -0.67204 -0.767292 -0.914223 -0.900972 -0.857857
81 Болив -0.851629 -1.14398 -0.904911 -1.03484 -0.895974
82 Мавритани -1.10609 -1.39294 -1.24662 -1.25527 -0.934538
83 Венесуэл -1.08701 -1.04601 -1.36645 -1.35676 -1.04203
84 Судан -1.29886 -1.19936 -1.25879 -1.14672 -1.06056
85 Алжир -0.939733 -0.844654 -0.754751 -1.0883 -1.11657
86 Зааны Ясан Эрэг улсын -1.18251 -1.04431 -1.08692 -1.02644 -1.16171
87 Иран улс -1.23625 -1.31155 -1.38935 -1.11731 -1.19522
88 Мадагаскар -1.28706 -1.21443 -1.10889 -0.979658 -1.25712
89 Камерун -1.25489 -1.16546 -1.34147 -1.50593 -1.30103
90 Гана улс -1.19743 -1.19881 -1.07721 -1.16804 -1.40758
91 Конго, Бүгд Найрамдах Ардчилсан -1.49539 -1.57941 -1.49485
92 Габон -1.31778 -1.39642 -1.37809 -1.48457 -1.5229
93 Того -1.19283 -1.0105 -1.31044 -1.26752 -1.57902
94 Индонез -1.36404 -1.58526 -1.66024 -1.64905 -1.59288
95 Конго, Бүгд Найрамдах Улс -1.24883 -1.13528 -1.19202 -1.66323 -1.67642
96 Гвиней -1.96201 -2.18704 -1.76414 -1.69511 -1.74614
97 Ангол -1.43599 -1.4835 -1.43557 -1.70915 -1.76865
98 Нигери улс -2.31682 -2.2981 -2.36218 -1.97928 -2.14511
99 Саудын Араб -2.29486 -1.71692 -2.1413 -2.17624 -2.17477