The Economic Complexity Index (ECI) and the Product Complexity Index (PCI) are, respectively, measures of the relative knowledge intensity of an economy or a product. ECI measures the knowledge intensity of an economy by considering the knowledge intensity of the products it exports. PCI measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters. This circular argument is mathematically tractable and can be used to construct relative measures of the knowledge intensity of economies and products (see methodology section for more details).

ECI has been validated as a relevant economic measure by showing its ability to predict future economic growth (see Hidalgo and Hausmann 2009), and explain international variations in income inequality (see Hartmann et al. 2017.

This page includes rankings using the Economic Complexity Index (ECI).

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Year Range

Улс 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987
1 Япон 1.85998 2.15818 2.2608 2.32645 2.39976
2 Герман 1.98972 2.04753 2.13019 2.13913 2.16696
3 Швейцарь улс 1.83181 1.97263 2.0112 2.04334 2.1349
4 Швед 1.88134 1.91398 2.0021 2.02929 2.06501
5 Австри 1.79615 1.77997 1.88765 1.81925 1.89238
6 Нэгдсэн Вант Улс 1.81516 1.87932 1.91522 1.86948 1.84502
7 Итали 1.65406 1.67749 1.78471 1.71372 1.73112
8 Франц 1.64592 1.65194 1.75725 1.71191 1.69556
9 Финлянд 1.47076 1.44496 1.58759 1.57979 1.69034
10 АНУ-ын 1.45447 1.60668 1.65658 1.68473 1.62452
11 Дани улс 1.37149 1.39044 1.50081 1.48869 1.50483
12 Бельги 1.39186 1.33047 1.39638 1.45513 1.47377
13 Ирланд 1.19683 1.30511 1.34516 1.34901 1.34749
14 Нидерланд 1.0928 1.10124 1.22685 1.25089 1.23651
15 Израиль 1.13583 1.16666 1.24422 1.18827 1.17349
16 Испани 1.12307 1.12951 1.22884 1.11757 1.14212
17 Норвеги улс 0.91962 0.855352 0.876663 0.866243 0.955728
18 Хонг Конгийн 0.922926 1.0832 0.99998 0.950709 0.942748
19 Өмнөд Солонгос 0.870192 0.925091 0.938733 0.903033 0.919086
20 Польш 0.935998 0.70727 0.669572 0.707914 0.803996
21 Румын 0.69736 0.696714 0.764502 0.780271 0.758278
22 Унгар 0.822882 0.755505 0.782787 0.690656 0.739834
23 Португал 0.894749 0.786569 0.850207 0.759677 0.725108
24 Канад 0.995635 0.767403 0.714533 0.702436 0.712579
25 Мексик 0.350078 0.392398 0.41919 0.465516 0.649492
26 Сингапур 0.345051 0.636899 0.516443 0.703919 0.623209
27 Болгар 0.835249 0.674233 0.620417 0.561423 0.579827
28 Эль Сальвадор 0.345506 0.148986 -0.559493 0.294898 0.472801
29 Жордан 0.797023 0.838695 0.768842 0.518866 0.461162
30 Ливан 0.600643 0.593993 0.47897 0.557421 0.460734
31 Шинэ Зеланд 0.39262 0.488338 0.492142 0.529792 0.417875
32 Уругвай 0.288617 0.349433 0.435058 0.398713 0.404771
33 Бразил 0.196999 0.375735 0.267288 0.345727 0.369739
34 Катар улс -0.091036 0.05032 0.370036 0.507998 0.329535
35 Камбож улс 0.93646 0.618817 0.565503 0.645039 0.322833
36 Грек 0.415651 0.382953 0.315273 0.279589 0.289679
37 Турк 0.422683 0.18852 0.14437 0.118645 0.219343
38 Энэтхэг улс 0.009795 0.231607 0.209181 0.200489 0.199895
39 Йемен 0.318063 0.251636 0.062197 0.141871
40 Хятад улс 0.282005 0.27951 0.23883 0.147123 0.134055
41 Тунис 0.092105 0.071816 0.076952 0.064443 0.128234
42 Аргентин 0.100525 0.089542 0.02977 0.02127 0.064141
43 Малайз -0.158291 0.22436 0.135335 0.023944 -0.013715
44 Мозамбик -0.42297 -0.411569 -0.315261 -0.19087 -0.051954
45 Тринидад ба Тобаго -0.113493 -0.194203 -0.226116 0.094595 -0.077639
46 Австрали -0.10869 -0.097552 0.024368 -0.079455 -0.085689
47 Доминиканы Бүгд Найрамдах Улс -0.179084 -0.332858 -0.178757 -0.151004 -0.110589
48 Арабын Нэгдсэн Эмират улс -0.706481 -0.476698 -0.392549 -0.085901 -0.11452
49 Коста-Рика 0.151419 0.122502 -0.05328 -0.158359 -0.123305
50 Гватемал 0.186049 0.072258 -0.324174 -0.110733 -0.124289
51 Венесуэл -0.87396 -0.671298 -0.348603 -0.224144 -0.142738
52 Панам 0.315114 0.489499 0.102947 0.097218 -0.148231
53 Тайланд -0.322116 -0.021323 -0.053782 -0.196221 -0.165517
54 Кувейт 0.16749 -0.216007 -0.617154 0.10631 -0.187616
55 Колумб 0.198326 0.256464 0.059858 -0.04428 -0.190655
56 Саудын Араб -0.392052 -0.746958 -1.2505 -0.779577 -0.22444
57 Албани 0.203431 -0.040355 -0.226584 -0.336359 -0.229183
58 Никарагуа -0.193166 -0.632906 -1.08428 -0.512901 -0.238517
59 Өмнөд Африк -0.113556 -0.195382 -0.188012 -0.100059 -0.254265
60 Филиппин -0.202809 -0.149925 -0.214845 -0.33671 -0.327704
61 Марокко -0.156858 -0.139479 -0.165684 -0.197346 -0.334159
62 Ямайка -0.132885 -0.006167 0.005884 -0.059726 -0.340469
63 Монгол улс -0.148033 -0.268388 -0.318123 -0.48517 -0.345683
64 Перу улс -0.40929 -0.420794 -0.388779 -0.293198 -0.380444
65 Пакистан -0.159002 -0.10831 -0.215134 -0.28839 -0.383374
66 Лаос -0.501314 -0.295409 -0.041721 -0.29169 -0.400541
67 Замби -0.759663 -0.838919 -0.609474 -0.517998 -0.416354
68 Сири -0.30833 -0.229593 -0.357534 -0.282584 -0.41874
69 Чили улс -0.170715 -0.322281 -0.240817 -0.27313 -0.470722
70 Египет -0.404609 -0.492947 -0.458009 -0.370879 -0.47398
71 Бангладеш -0.727512 -0.681064 -0.752768 -0.649575 -0.561619
72 Гондурас -0.626635 -0.608498 -0.409386 -0.678372 -0.616688
73 Шри-Ланка -0.670908 -0.527826 -0.558963 -0.449493 -0.630882
74 Зимбабве -0.738731 -0.751496 -0.69842 -0.662716 -0.638385
75 Сенегал -0.158381 -0.622272 -0.521592 -0.609679 -0.710488
76 Алжир -1.18598 -1.18261 -1.10051 -1.22432 -0.787639
77 Парагвай -0.69011 -0.86529 -0.795192 -0.857056 -0.798989
78 Оман 0.78725 0.573659 -0.116269 -0.861732 -0.812367
79 Этиоп -0.758394 -0.70973 -0.775537 -0.969597 -0.812948
80 Кени -0.897006 -0.88951 -0.852445 -0.921978 -0.858609
81 Болив -0.819953 -1.11108 -0.842486 -0.942779 -0.895863
82 Судан -1.08322 -1.11237 -0.836808 -1.08179 -0.933388
83 Бирм -0.766736 -0.826776 -0.715804 -0.811849 -0.984295
84 Вьетнам -0.742823 -0.783679 -0.726897 -0.771785 -0.984498
85 Мавритани -1.38224 -1.37713 -1.04673 -0.939791 -0.993936
86 Танзани -1.14815 -1.05332 -0.890427 -0.922606 -1.01029
87 Индонез -1.40417 -1.30602 -1.27708 -1.19011 -1.11041
88 Гана улс -1.09926 -1.22104 -0.999115 -0.99126 -1.16508
89 Эквадор -0.878952 -0.897574 -1.10442 -1.2186 -1.20318
90 Ангол -2.01443 -1.94971 -1.78521 -1.822 -1.26181
91 Мадагаскар -1.36143 -1.27543 -1.24666 -1.39296 -1.29
92 Иран улс -1.27293 -1.12454 -1.09122 -1.23982 -1.33492
93 Того -1.63595 -1.50714 -1.58361 -1.37642 -1.40066
94 Конго, Бүгд Найрамдах Ардчилсан -1.5312 -1.34137 -1.24149 -1.30384 -1.45864
95 Габон -1.56763 -1.49385 -1.1978 -1.39269 -1.51237
96 Зааны Ясан Эрэг улсын -0.930862 -1.03352 -0.966269 -1.40121 -1.51558
97 Конго, Бүгд Найрамдах Улс -1.69718 -1.68953 -1.57239 -1.59555 -1.56447
98 Нигери улс -2.03079 -2.08999 -2.07325 -2.00898 -1.73325
99 Камерун -1.15604 -1.20592 -1.73297 -1.74781 -1.76979
100 Гвиней -2.18468 -2.05419 -1.72045 -1.46967 -1.82425