The Economic Complexity Index (ECI) and the Product Complexity Index (PCI) are, respectively, measures of the relative knowledge intensity of an economy or a product. ECI measures the knowledge intensity of an economy by considering the knowledge intensity of the products it exports. PCI measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters. This circular argument is mathematically tractable and can be used to construct relative measures of the knowledge intensity of economies and products (see methodology section for more details).

ECI has been validated as a relevant economic measure by showing its ability to predict future economic growth (see Hidalgo and Hausmann 2009), and explain international variations in income inequality (see Hartmann et al. 2017.

This page includes rankings using the Economic Complexity Index (ECI).

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Year Range

Улс 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992
1 Япон 2.36731 2.38974 2.39134 2.44302 2.49215
2 Швейцарь улс 2.08125 2.10865 2.20354 2.25586 2.32899
3 Герман 2.17723 2.19761 2.19821 2.22515 2.32404
4 Швед 2.08118 2.1338 2.16649 2.18277 2.25942
5 Австри 1.86741 1.92154 1.94269 1.95901 2.00948
6 Нэгдсэн Вант Улс 1.8197 1.85354 1.8885 1.92482 1.94726
7 Финлянд 1.65903 1.7338 1.8112 1.81157 1.8564
8 Итали 1.70263 1.6687 1.71993 1.71832 1.80255
9 Дани улс 1.56451 1.62226 1.6333 1.69053 1.76411
10 Франц 1.62 1.64251 1.58344 1.62708 1.71048
11 АНУ-ын 1.52115 1.53479 1.50659 1.62518 1.69659
12 Бельги 1.50163 1.48931 1.45983 1.43235 1.50294
13 Словени 1.43562
14 Ирланд 1.44454 1.47318 1.4374 1.4218 1.41595
15 Нидерланд 1.25419 1.256 1.20143 1.26567 1.35762
16 Испани 1.14524 1.19786 1.19007 1.14192 1.21133
17 Израиль 1.09227 1.17841 1.15976 1.15167 1.08292
18 Хорват 1.00807
19 Өмнөд Солонгос 0.946263 0.834166 0.898145 0.876456 0.941965
20 Сингапур 0.671827 0.648095 0.722376 0.761109 0.941948
21 Хонг Конгийн 0.949503 0.898704 0.882933 0.883499 0.909419
22 Норвеги улс 1.01949 1.03702 1.03133 0.856934 0.886433
23 Унгар 0.847892 0.833217 0.808804 0.805335 0.859383
24 Мексик 0.720238 0.71601 0.766842 0.684291 0.805366
25 Босни ба Герцеговина 0.765632
26 Португал 0.75562 0.670288 0.651649 0.657358 0.6708
27 Румын 0.804159 0.806016 0.798893 0.693089 0.607645
28 Канад 0.689466 0.774507 0.703285 0.615339 0.580017
29 Молдав 0.546565
30 Польш 0.80849 0.791207 0.70377 0.666141 0.542584
31 Бразил 0.33526 0.339519 0.418308 0.417815 0.503414
32 Болгар 0.558906 0.569171 0.645641 0.568584 0.429701
33 Эль Сальвадор 0.319616 0.296832 0.322887 0.278094 0.400187
34 Беларусь 0.33228
35 Панам -0.097236 0.01048 0.231381 0.169473 0.329985
36 Шинэ Зеланд 0.34395 0.355489 0.318537 0.386536 0.285451
37 Хятад улс 0.246918 0.234761 0.254205 0.284872 0.269057
38 Малайз -0.05365 -0.043857 0.077114 0.1658 0.252923
39 Энэтхэг улс 0.126991 0.134137 0.229328 0.214645 0.189609
40 Тайланд -0.059027 -0.058231 0.028856 0.059329 0.181246
41 Турк 0.270537 0.158364 0.143942 0.150355 0.175993
42 Эстони улс 0.154759
43 Тринидад ба Тобаго -0.024489 0.21133 0.144432 0.23397 0.152904
44 Литва 0.117757
45 Ливан 0.402064 0.259094 0.222896 0.114161 0.110669
46 Грек 0.219048 0.095416 0.152017 0.143166 0.081695
47 Украйн 0.056669
48 Уругвай 0.343907 0.208406 0.133127 0.065365 0.036769
49 Тунис 0.130735 -0.025771 -0.030626 -0.114127 0.028
50 Филиппин -0.332234 -0.211546 -0.139151 -0.042884 0.002339
51 Коста-Рика -0.00306 -0.003063 -0.07688 -0.013234 -0.004627
52 Жордан 0.519375 0.571932 0.329789 0.325138 -0.017063
53 Өмнөд Африк -0.307473 -0.348081 -0.24657 -0.168412 -0.025986
54 Колумб -0.178329 -0.108131 -0.183715 -0.086006 -0.040668
55 Аргентин 0.042609 0.094958 0.064197 0.092349 -0.063648
56 Мозамбик -0.345335 -0.374334 -0.280503 -0.202467 -0.064139
57 Венесуэл -0.310206 -0.20186 -0.249176 0.046246 -0.083257
58 Латви улс -0.092093
59 Гватемал -0.114968 -0.220272 -0.140966 -0.124758 -0.099741
60 ОХУ- -0.09975
61 Мадагаскар -1.29093 -1.29473 0.075262 0.013554 -0.151469
62 Австрали -0.108906 -0.067428 -0.168113 -0.165157 -0.190559
63 Саудын Араб -0.209904 -0.027672 0.010843 0.152447 -0.207551
64 Гүрж -0.21613
65 Албани -0.281952 -0.264478 -0.197794 -0.210994 -0.242111
66 Доминиканы Бүгд Найрамдах Улс -0.130617 -0.248173 -0.298144 -0.314759 -0.270596
67 Ямайка -0.237738 -0.257262 -0.23057 -0.3999 -0.285032
68 Шри-Ланка -0.49977 -0.620797 -0.482596 -0.446405 -0.319451
69 Перу улс -0.24436 -0.270606 -0.3134 -0.206643 -0.322969
70 Египет -0.399866 -0.451679 -0.535157 -0.439201 -0.324477
71 Узбекстан -0.349566
72 Марокко -0.299073 -0.418674 -0.384117 -0.367125 -0.359833
73 Гондурас -0.669397 -0.681549 -0.518993 -0.42832 -0.369167
74 Монгол улс -0.186588 -0.348805 -0.502122 -0.3254 -0.374954
75 Азербайжаны -0.392366
76 Чили улс -0.565224 -0.499843 -0.452327 -0.336225 -0.397569
77 Никарагуа -0.440161 -0.480994 -0.441603 -0.601218 -0.413659
78 Арабын Нэгдсэн Эмират улс -0.011708 0.062544 -0.222188 -0.307082 -0.419576
79 Казахстан -0.420723
80 Зимбабве -0.740906 -0.69104 -0.604088 -0.573003 -0.439256
81 Катар улс 0.292962 0.271141 0.101576 -0.28138 -0.455776
82 Индонез -0.8393 -0.703247 -0.592783 -0.40801 -0.490949
83 Туркменистан -0.53812
84 Кувейт 0.32521 0.220934 -0.142634 -0.676866 -0.586543
85 Пакистан -0.490167 -0.638552 -0.547604 -0.56875 -0.608171
86 Бангладеш -0.486923 -0.743294 -0.761861 -0.737013 -0.659387
87 Оман -0.064174 0.288311 -0.011874 -0.263525 -0.661055
88 Сири -0.424702 -0.508874 -0.540398 -0.474933 -0.733972
89 Йемен -0.908052 -0.978779 -1.07125 -0.842516 -0.768928
90 Алжир -0.292231 -0.257457 -0.649656 -0.645687 -0.798032
91 Камбож улс 0.411623 -0.085926 -0.221593 -0.478344 -0.845222
92 Того -1.47951 -1.42253 -1.30555 -0.74779 -0.852755
93 Лаос -0.588246 -0.278497 -0.438861 -0.62024 -0.864734
94 Сенегал -0.726655 -0.637763 -0.788705 -0.712496 -0.880943
95 Болив -0.804475 -0.956995 -0.864784 -0.89069 -0.922251
96 Судан -1.12616 -1.18061 -0.97173 -0.769087 -0.934142
97 Парагвай -0.889779 -0.88285 -0.957365 -0.972881 -0.943227
98 Вьетнам -1.02124 -1.02634 -0.921859 -0.981722 -0.963484
99 Кени -0.973226 -1.03404 -0.977025 -0.831707 -0.976501
100 Эквадор -1.00988 -0.967277 -0.93695 -0.967018 -1.02447
101 Замби -0.456881 -0.67636 -0.700076 -0.907232 -1.05388
102 Этиоп -0.964332 -0.971688 -0.932032 -1.04104 -1.0629
103 Танзани -1.21869 -1.15103 -1.09958 -1.20393 -1.1225
104 Габон -1.49476 -1.22518 -1.34855 -1.35225 -1.12944
105 Гвиней -1.72938 -1.78419 -1.51676 -1.36752 -1.17895
106 Бирм -1.13781 -1.09078 -1.05308 -1.12979 -1.22432
107 Мавритани -1.29351 -1.30447 -1.46739 -1.20645 -1.37675
108 Иран улс -1.19445 -1.21948 -1.28483 -1.22017 -1.44223
109 Конго, Бүгд Найрамдах Ардчилсан -1.24313 -1.20444 -1.14496 -1.17493 -1.46347
110 Конго, Бүгд Найрамдах Улс -1.35371 -1.48802 -1.50959 -1.61876 -1.5417
111 Гана улс -1.16574 -1.13832 -1.10949 -1.43848 -1.54193
112 Зааны Ясан Эрэг улсын -1.37116 -1.2969 -1.34105 -1.34779 -1.5516
113 Камерун -1.77215 -1.72539 -1.76896 -1.65648 -1.88333
114 Ангол -1.6952 -1.27093 -1.67635 -2.00679 -2.04018
115 Нигери улс -1.64319 -1.72468 -2.01211 -1.84259 -2.17527