The Economic Complexity Index (ECI) and the Product Complexity Index (PCI) are, respectively, measures of the relative knowledge intensity of an economy or a product. ECI measures the knowledge intensity of an economy by considering the knowledge intensity of the products it exports. PCI measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters. This circular argument is mathematically tractable and can be used to construct relative measures of the knowledge intensity of economies and products (see methodology section for more details).

ECI has been validated as a relevant economic measure by showing its ability to predict future economic growth (see Hidalgo and Hausmann 2009), and explain international variations in income inequality (see Hartmann et al. 2017.

This page includes rankings using the Economic Complexity Index (ECI).

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Year Range

Улс 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
1 Япон 2.45075 2.47862 2.46767 2.40412 2.34652
2 Герман 2.19574 2.20445 2.15958 2.11126 2.01485
3 Швейцарь улс 2.12764 2.05783 2.06907 2.05479 1.99311
4 Швед 2.09665 2.08697 2.02943 1.94426 1.91852
5 Финлянд 1.80769 1.81559 1.80046 1.77725 1.77327
6 Нэгдсэн Вант Улс 1.94824 1.89629 1.77065 1.72653 1.7096
7 Австри 1.76393 1.81965 1.74605 1.7452 1.70293
8 АНУ-ын 1.85046 1.76594 1.74324 1.66414 1.62483
9 Сингапур 1.53699 1.63902 1.5652 1.46932 1.55653
10 Өмнөд Солонгос 1.31421 1.27258 1.41097 1.52046 1.54709
11 Чех улс 1.55938 1.53388 1.54784 1.55209 1.52445
12 Франц 1.60873 1.55541 1.54456 1.50134 1.47143
13 Словени 1.42282 1.55648 1.54609 1.49585 1.44105
14 Дани улс 1.50739 1.50872 1.4818 1.44935 1.40257
15 Унгар 1.11232 1.15856 1.17404 1.2364 1.30326
16 Итали 1.37375 1.3861 1.39804 1.34865 1.29984
17 Ирланд 1.62751 1.51601 1.3506 1.37041 1.29819
18 Бельги 1.37738 1.33257 1.27927 1.23122 1.26407
19 Словак 1.20213 1.20926 1.28788 1.27784 1.20851
20 Нидерланд 1.21646 1.18126 1.18347 1.09357 1.09737
21 Израиль 1.04926 1.1044 1.0958 1.04361 1.08661
22 Мексик 1.02195 0.978828 0.986745 1.10303 1.06339
23 Испани 1.04465 1.04322 1.0347 1.02466 1.02372
24 Польш 0.897007 0.899269 0.967138 0.968439 0.978851
25 Хорват 0.645311 0.681113 0.735727 0.787117 0.842586
26 Канад 0.919277 0.862716 0.848054 0.811793 0.789332
27 Малайз 0.753853 0.854059 0.795607 0.781241 0.716039
28 Эстони улс 0.515964 0.562663 0.674146 0.694548 0.713069
29 Беларусь 0.723122 0.832963 0.858138 0.856248 0.682706
30 Серби 0.620072 0.678498
31 Румын 0.373828 0.320218 0.42384 0.493627 0.673123
32 Норвеги улс 0.758139 0.775049 0.757271 0.716319 0.660506
33 Португал 0.488495 0.559365 0.627309 0.638432 0.637016
34 Хятад улс 0.442061 0.452979 0.474971 0.587449 0.632635
35 Украйн 0.488237 0.551859 0.595211 0.553144 0.601226
36 Латви улс 0.311667 0.309156 0.427594 0.532376 0.549968
37 Бразил 0.42281 0.399357 0.450112 0.477157 0.548606
38 Босни ба Герцеговина 0.210007 0.365334 0.429642 0.52393 0.529734
39 Хонг Конгийн 0.549568 0.567609 0.574415 0.5907 0.527091
40 Литва 0.164931 0.196164 0.309178 0.448797 0.521501
41 ОХУ- 0.65224 0.568381 0.557305 0.607811 0.510294
42 Тайланд 0.418108 0.446709 0.463214 0.433048 0.491304
43 Турк 0.176945 0.177247 0.252509 0.366668 0.413431
44 Болгар 0.365341 0.309366 0.34386 0.373395 0.410246
45 Шинэ Зеланд 0.25454 0.287348 0.334674 0.348336 0.340088
46 Ливан -0.056157 -0.017576 0.113553 0.169187 0.298636
47 Панам 0.033435 0.025462 0.036751 0.120865 0.262895
48 Грек 0.221214 0.210503 0.233397 0.172724 0.204131
49 Энэтхэг улс 0.176804 0.152537 0.158145 0.167513 0.168601
50 Өмнөд Африк 0.128366 0.094685 0.16654 0.237984 0.165269
51 Филиппин -0.005396 -0.0344 -0.119035 -0.000206 0.123978
52 Жордан -0.113429 0.012317 -0.044752 0.009857 0.116103
53 Аргентин -0.022571 0.002533 0.03593 0.053536 0.073768
54 Уругвай 0.096728 -0.045061 0.017114 0.009544 0.065203
55 Колумб 0.141137 0.108143 0.108932 0.053324 0.024946
56 Тунис -0.316525 -0.279088 -0.159174 -0.131907 -0.002222
57 Арабын Нэгдсэн Эмират улс -0.157405 -0.090661 -0.085822 0.027597 -0.021976
58 Коста-Рика 0.010613 -0.004518 0.006471 -0.074199 -0.022522
59 Катар улс -0.418974 0.1045 0.024745 -0.164568 -0.052826
60 Молдав 0.042335 -0.019115 -0.071912 -0.133663 -0.072815
61 Индонез -0.015577 -0.079228 -0.03753 -0.118449 -0.08396
62 Саудын Араб 0.104983 0.155848 -0.074557 -0.14292 -0.153061
63 Тринидад ба Тобаго 0.071435 0.003869 0.033114 -0.015152 -0.153895
64 Македон -0.172163 -0.062273 -0.107521 -0.191644 -0.17045
65 Австрали -0.038353 -0.218672 -0.213502 -0.155239 -0.171363
66 Чили улс -0.069191 -0.150324 -0.150391 -0.196433 -0.171878
67 Эль Сальвадор -0.102685 -0.094959 -0.080838 -0.116526 -0.189023
68 Египет -0.368092 -0.351883 -0.313441 -0.225445 -0.220008
69 Доминиканы Бүгд Найрамдах Улс -0.469881 -0.300896 -0.332228 -0.211474 -0.222327
70 Гватемал -0.408678 -0.353519 -0.260139 -0.295499 -0.227969
71 Гүрж 0.178932 -0.17425 -0.18585 -0.305433 -0.257126
72 Оман -0.745175 -0.540399 -0.792679 -0.520017 -0.267441
73 Ямайка -0.538303 -0.294213 -0.307798 -0.427749 -0.281016
74 Казахстан -0.102081 -0.271761 -0.249486 -0.208866 -0.340398
75 Венесуэл -0.062459 -0.134651 -0.147508 -0.163963 -0.342388
76 Кувейт -0.156717 -0.11916 -0.268955 -0.163299 -0.350656
77 Вьетнам -0.630272 -0.653033 -0.632908 -0.518922 -0.378907
78 Шри-Ланка -0.62927 -0.59254 -0.543395 -0.49913 -0.429014
79 Албани -0.02384 -0.128714 -0.245883 -0.395101 -0.490889
80 Узбекстан -0.463409 -0.453 -0.433318 -0.430205 -0.494788
81 Зимбабве -0.343785 -0.373302 -0.395862 -0.404289 -0.495619
82 Марокко -0.76984 -0.648625 -0.48776 -0.504934 -0.522127
83 Пакистан -0.751032 -0.770235 -0.789144 -0.628576 -0.562095
84 Парагвай -0.566719 -0.603935 -0.516896 -0.602863 -0.582084
85 Перу улс -0.514557 -0.648479 -0.579638 -0.554171 -0.614336
86 Гондурас -0.656674 -0.566724 -0.676137 -0.74113 -0.623958
87 Кени -0.575552 -0.701251 -0.6198 -0.703524 -0.680229
88 Алжир -0.875592 -1.11 -1.11468 -0.788727 -0.682755
89 Сири -0.941886 -0.86175 -0.749744 -0.694426 -0.685109
90 Иран улс -0.853785 -0.881575 -0.898796 -0.79443 -0.750568
91 Лаос -0.843126 -1.01988 -0.891806 -0.883054 -0.820657
92 Эквадор -0.856247 -0.846191 -0.77456 -0.851284 -0.834038
93 Болив -0.797802 -0.919345 -0.856918 -0.851524 -0.871062
94 Сенегал -0.972446 -0.872446 -0.809369 -0.821983 -0.889482
95 Ботсван -0.818465 -0.708473 -0.845061 -0.856364 -0.891555
96 Того -0.676074 -0.758799 -0.856163 -0.931563 -0.895164
97 Никарагуа -0.807707 -0.763565 -0.820232 -0.892176 -0.900827
98 Туркменистан -0.952721 -0.940244 -0.915679 -0.757745 -0.917194
99 Замби -1.09653 -0.934754 -0.925683 -1.17274 -0.921299
100 Намиб -0.554921 -0.655761 -0.805754 -0.846134 -0.936692
101 Габон -1.6291 -0.956786 -1.31646 -1.26555 -0.961084
102 Бангладеш -1.1201 -1.23386 -1.17652 -1.19826 -1.01275
103 Монгол улс -0.681431 -0.865264 -0.924295 -0.971723 -1.03852
104 Гана улс -1.24972 -1.35863 -1.38268 -1.22288 -1.05022
105 Мадагаскар -1.20383 -1.20019 -1.18539 -1.11331 -1.08764
106 Азербайжаны -0.36504 -0.595619 -0.769416 -0.981761 -1.08907
107 Этиоп -0.93631 -1.1606 -0.937456 -1.05951 -1.14921
108 Конго, Бүгд Найрамдах Ардчилсан -1.1042 -1.16123 -1.34175 -1.35887 -1.17151
109 Танзани -1.14524 -1.19819 -1.17276 -1.19109 -1.17687
110 Камбож улс -1.02579 -1.14921 -1.17042 -1.20287 -1.2005
111 Бирм -1.23973 -1.3014 -1.23916 -1.24742 -1.20659
112 Мозамбик -1.20899 -1.34734 -1.1731 -1.2241 -1.27774
113 Зааны Ясан Эрэг улсын -1.23738 -1.27946 -1.2167 -1.31008 -1.29502
114 Йемен -1.44892 -1.56273 -1.54465 -1.51778 -1.39501
115 Гвиней -1.59046 -1.3383 -1.23361 -1.22219 -1.53055
116 Камерун -1.45477 -1.55106 -1.81234 -1.80901 -1.62851
117 Мавритани -0.976701 -1.53823 -1.22737 -1.73472 -1.82521
118 Конго, Бүгд Найрамдах Улс -1.35403 -1.41438 -1.56017 -1.6858 -1.82685
119 Ангол -2.06924 -0.705732 -0.787959 -0.798225 -1.91304
120 Нигери улс -2.05963 -2.40836 -2.32188 -2.1849 -2.06466
121 Судан -1.5408 -1.57514 -1.82539 -1.99046 -2.07678