The Economic Complexity Index (ECI) and the Product Complexity Index (PCI) are, respectively, measures of the relative knowledge intensity of an economy or a product. ECI measures the knowledge intensity of an economy by considering the knowledge intensity of the products it exports. PCI measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters. This circular argument is mathematically tractable and can be used to construct relative measures of the knowledge intensity of economies and products (see methodology section for more details).

ECI has been validated as a relevant economic measure by showing its ability to predict future economic growth (see Hidalgo and Hausmann 2009), and explain international variations in income inequality (see Hartmann et al. 2017.

This page includes rankings using the Economic Complexity Index (ECI).

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Year Range

Улс 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
1 Япон 2.23856 2.17852 2.11934 2.31329 2.32408
2 Швейцарь улс 1.92034 1.91828 1.91575 1.95964 2.01041
3 Герман 1.95078 1.91653 1.88894 1.9408 1.87347
4 Швед 1.89436 1.80167 1.75419 1.80518 1.75179
5 Австри 1.68159 1.69369 1.68617 1.7891 1.71686
6 Сингапур 1.49843 1.57804 1.58854 1.68651 1.70347
7 Чех улс 1.5676 1.56901 1.55689 1.69489 1.68896
8 Өмнөд Солонгос 1.52745 1.49631 1.57505 1.70696 1.64658
9 Финлянд 1.75639 1.71426 1.67979 1.71439 1.61173
10 Унгар 1.35814 1.3362 1.39419 1.53397 1.52192
11 Нэгдсэн Вант Улс 1.67044 1.61184 1.57193 1.54878 1.49378
12 АНУ-ын 1.58866 1.53293 1.49428 1.49138 1.45359
13 Словени 1.39082 1.41407 1.38479 1.46906 1.43073
14 Франц 1.46951 1.46536 1.45099 1.43611 1.36854
15 Словак 1.26737 1.271 1.35695 1.37252 1.3272
16 Итали 1.3267 1.35289 1.34589 1.33488 1.31024
17 Израиль 1.21518 1.19138 1.09395 1.21174 1.27127
18 Ирланд 1.35691 1.37428 1.33093 1.1731 1.24971
19 Дани улс 1.33589 1.30232 1.29129 1.2369 1.13685
20 Хонг Конгийн 0.582715 0.498958 0.508935 0.801652 1.09895
21 Бельги 1.22398 1.18347 1.1659 1.13515 1.04707
22 Хятад улс 0.715732 0.753508 0.774908 0.909906 1.00792
23 Тайланд 0.510058 0.606687 0.736971 0.870845 0.964292
24 Польш 1.0255 1.02992 1.03324 1.07468 0.960828
25 Мексик 1.08324 0.995923 1.00189 1.00796 0.954246
26 Хорват 0.806099 0.853091 0.926024 0.91927 0.92595
27 Малайз 0.691407 0.624253 0.588052 0.791729 0.91952
28 Нидерланд 1.10431 1.04799 1.09691 0.952353 0.885129
29 Испани 1.01644 1.02007 1.01742 0.980784 0.842403
30 Беларусь 0.690402 0.668625 0.675162 0.918398 0.82272
31 Эстони улс 0.710075 0.716777 0.704934 0.746338 0.76017
32 Панам 0.327072 0.406595 0.456574 0.630553 0.741643
33 Литва 0.571855 0.518934 0.549397 0.64032 0.722513
34 Румын 0.731384 0.685378 0.698277 0.73466 0.70694
35 Португал 0.677586 0.6909 0.706405 0.650139 0.6184
36 Норвеги улс 0.563568 0.588332 0.635977 0.535507 0.571734
37 Латви улс 0.61794 0.60544 0.626987 0.600318 0.571625
38 Серби 0.63928 0.658953 0.621737 0.590053 0.562507
39 Босни ба Герцеговина 0.553484 0.522361 0.574773 0.592368 0.545884
40 Канад 0.741557 0.711973 0.703779 0.526191 0.534847
41 Болгар 0.446085 0.39622 0.467999 0.447953 0.497365
42 Украйн 0.551676 0.526113 0.51783 0.480965 0.469842
43 Турк 0.434059 0.408188 0.432695 0.42938 0.450234
44 Филиппин 0.193846 0.185253 0.209171 0.331523 0.394726
45 Тунис 0.045962 -0.002907 0.073213 0.233429 0.291069
46 Ливан 0.330028 0.365837 0.253783 0.293449 0.281872
47 Коста-Рика 0.076485 0.099231 0.10939 0.024263 0.247592
48 Жордан 0.072889 0.243351 0.244437 0.161675 0.216056
49 Шинэ Зеланд 0.314978 0.224349 0.14369 0.064004 0.166665
50 Бразил 0.396395 0.265535 0.248326 0.190826 0.161553
51 Энэтхэг улс 0.195512 0.156613 0.111379 0.091946 0.144541
52 Молдав -0.027445 -0.045761 -0.016908 0.049706 0.115221
53 ОХУ- 0.262064 0.236851 0.153215 0.009965 0.077047
54 Колумб 0.220323 0.21155 0.18691 -0.001219 0.049744
55 Уругвай 0.0148 0.092839 0.201715 0.081756 -0.003597
56 Эль Сальвадор -0.061823 -0.081826 -0.049824 -0.117335 -0.007233
57 Арабын Нэгдсэн Эмират улс -0.087372 -0.090659 0.022855 0.030733 -0.009763
58 Грек 0.176237 0.246401 0.243817 0.052732 -0.02161
59 Өмнөд Африк 0.142773 0.074112 0.119045 0.016592 -0.023795
60 Саудын Араб -0.587461 -0.424999 0.159707 -0.074789 -0.07214
61 Индонез -0.020326 -0.071984 -0.12726 -0.143199 -0.087123
62 Вьетнам -0.320109 -0.350821 -0.350102 -0.215986 -0.104485
63 Македон -0.147629 -0.093479 -0.074848 -0.165571 -0.146735
64 Аргентин 0.077066 0.071968 0.03248 -0.063178 -0.148047
65 Гүрж -0.480803 -0.332959 -0.285249 -0.152888 -0.168891
66 Намиб -0.64927 -0.455053 -0.528921 -0.602309 -0.241151
67 Доминиканы Бүгд Найрамдах Улс -0.167914 -0.225693 -0.237717 -0.26414 -0.256286
68 Гватемал -0.119904 -0.174861 -0.207441 -0.390539 -0.293485
69 Египет -0.203256 -0.246454 -0.222178 -0.289977 -0.321576
70 Чили улс -0.22253 -0.222266 -0.244314 -0.328124 -0.333627
71 Ямайка -0.122977 -0.185574 -0.177172 -0.215289 -0.349499
72 Шри-Ланка -0.413415 -0.404041 -0.462231 -0.482129 -0.368732
73 Катар улс -0.332957 -0.175169 -0.321962 -0.395827 -0.390929
74 Гондурас -0.634949 -0.726013 -0.687012 -0.690727 -0.398168
75 Кувейт -0.576707 -0.561737 -0.273291 -0.296786 -0.436697
76 Албани 0.151114 0.563279 0.552788 0.272749 -0.472586
77 Австрали -0.210701 -0.331165 -0.397884 -0.516626 -0.528256
78 Узбекстан -0.381779 -0.464363 -0.440298 -0.555588 -0.531504
79 Ботсван -0.499249 0.160551 0.103461 -0.354011 -0.532549
80 Марокко -0.422183 -0.495026 -0.543964 -0.509268 -0.535805
81 Камерун -1.59003 -1.45045 -1.64686 -0.618845 -0.546339
82 Кени -0.50892 -0.515603 -0.462247 -0.610053 -0.580113
83 Замби -0.984426 -1.06916 -1.01419 -0.750633 -0.621731
84 Сенегал -0.910768 -1.00621 -1.09485 -0.810511 -0.622244
85 Парагвай -0.592209 -0.511621 -0.577246 -0.619805 -0.645452
86 Эквадор -0.803638 -0.867623 -0.7082 -0.770023 -0.708563
87 Никарагуа -0.69023 -0.690234 -0.763813 -0.883107 -0.71229
88 Мадагаскар -0.98895 -0.99845 -1.02866 -0.831354 -0.726138
89 Танзани -1.1291 -1.0167 -1.07147 -0.995243 -0.730645
90 Перу улс -0.635521 -0.669472 -0.63866 -0.746415 -0.742204
91 Оман -0.413821 -0.385965 -0.217931 -0.431956 -0.742942
92 Того -0.707087 -0.825125 -0.965744 -0.837184 -0.778208
93 Казахстан -0.457024 -0.358499 -0.463165 -0.853388 -0.787489
94 Пакистан -0.521128 -0.549741 -0.595481 -0.752351 -0.805746
95 Болив -0.795241 -0.828261 -0.821025 -0.939743 -0.853344
96 Тринидад ба Тобаго -0.665608 -0.578275 -0.466174 -0.567857 -0.858712
97 Иран улс -1.04616 -1.04947 -1.03542 -1.00321 -0.886393
98 Бангладеш -0.936713 -0.927904 -1.00757 -1.10503 -0.943499
99 Камбож улс -1.06295 -0.985864 -1.04752 -1.20676 -0.95203
100 Зимбабве -0.452638 -0.66792 -0.803228 -0.918402 -1.00205
101 Гана улс -1.01148 -0.965165 -1.12736 -1.05444 -1.00907
102 Лаос -0.903238 -0.957344 -0.991139 -1.01474 -1.05514
103 Зааны Ясан Эрэг улсын -1.26803 -1.36195 -1.4005 -1.20641 -1.0558
104 Туркменистан -0.891974 -0.8061 -0.783954 -1.00593 -1.09788
105 Конго, Бүгд Найрамдах Улс -1.89518 -1.79244 -1.77145 -1.21695 -1.12329
106 Венесуэл -0.674475 -0.594428 -0.600758 -0.811479 -1.12529
107 Йемен -1.48326 -1.37207 -1.54769 -1.22062 -1.14902
108 Этиоп -1.3133 -1.30834 -1.2717 -1.26465 -1.15076
109 Мозамбик -1.30539 -1.27566 -1.34061 -1.3111 -1.16195
110 Конго, Бүгд Найрамдах Ардчилсан -1.11877 -1.23828 -1.06271 -1.06695 -1.29544
111 Монгол улс -0.996349 -0.920288 -1.0525 -1.20509 -1.35158
112 Габон -0.693013 -0.749222 -1.09114 -0.829728 -1.36163
113 Азербайжаны -1.00637 -1.08488 -1.08757 -1.44623 -1.50891
114 Алжир -1.03209 -1.07781 -1.15498 -1.28473 -1.56777
115 Нигери улс -2.53077 -2.76425 -2.35951 -1.71191 -1.61348
116 Судан -1.94729 -2.02485 -1.8002 -1.93445 -1.65831
117 Гвиней -1.58997 -1.71668 -1.82734 -1.72675 -1.66077
118 Мавритани -1.78088 -1.80625 -1.79613 -1.86292 -1.6776
119 Ангол -1.95195 -1.96257 -2.01309 -2.09087 -2.79136
120 Сири -0.528191 -0.499214 -0.507876 -0.670493
121 Бирм -1.19618 -1.24182 -1.20578 -1.27821