The Economic Complexity Index (ECI) and the Product Complexity Index (PCI) are, respectively, measures of the relative knowledge intensity of an economy or a product. ECI measures the knowledge intensity of an economy by considering the knowledge intensity of the products it exports. PCI measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters. This circular argument is mathematically tractable and can be used to construct relative measures of the knowledge intensity of economies and products (see methodology section for more details).

ECI has been validated as a relevant economic measure by showing its ability to predict future economic growth (see Hidalgo and Hausmann 2009), and explain international variations in income inequality (see Hartmann et al. 2017.

This page includes rankings using the Economic Complexity Index (ECI).

Download    Бүх жил татаж авах

Showing

Year Range

Улс 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
1 Япон 2.31329 2.32408 2.37352 2.31842 2.34767 2.27782
2 Швейцарь улс 1.95964 2.01041 2.05181 1.99456 2.12416 2.17213
3 Герман 1.9408 1.87347 1.84608 1.81367 1.91906 2.10076
4 Швед 1.80518 1.75179 1.75214 1.6459 1.61477 1.86322
5 Өмнөд Солонгос 1.70696 1.64658 1.82762 1.90646 1.97403 1.83839
6 Сингапур 1.68651 1.70347 1.71717 1.71171 1.72081 1.7998
7 АНУ-ын 1.49138 1.45359 1.43702 1.30167 1.32592 1.77468
8 Чех улс 1.69489 1.68896 1.53381 1.52129 1.56023 1.75172
9 Нэгдсэн Вант Улс 1.54878 1.49378 1.45544 1.40296 1.34514 1.54403
10 Унгар 1.53397 1.52192 1.43941 1.38229 1.40749 1.50353
11 Ирланд 1.1731 1.24971 1.28901 1.22044 1.31565 1.4875
12 Франц 1.43611 1.36854 1.24155 1.15748 1.20672 1.48178
13 Словак 1.37252 1.3272 1.21794 1.20436 1.27947 1.45202
14 Дани улс 1.2369 1.13685 0.995356 0.95349 0.885645 1.30706
15 Израиль 1.21174 1.27127 1.22703 1.14081 1.16926 1.30363
16 Мексик 1.00796 0.954246 0.846744 0.953003 0.959052 1.27347
17 Канад 0.526191 0.534847 0.421886 0.411362 0.3821 1.236
18 Итали 1.33488 1.31024 1.21525 1.24155 1.24787 1.22921
19 Норвеги улс 0.535507 0.571734 0.614676 0.667969 0.682789 1.21448
20 Польш 1.07468 0.960828 0.817343 0.839266 0.832384 1.21063
21 Малайз 0.791729 0.91952 0.810485 0.828817 0.971262 1.07889
22 ОХУ- 0.009965 0.077047 0.048022 0.008439 -0.026792 1.02807
23 Эстони улс 0.746338 0.76017 0.68394 0.752262 0.738564 1.01713
24 Испани 0.980784 0.842403 0.700457 0.701443 0.656088 0.944616
25 Беларусь 0.918398 0.82272 0.689295 0.731427 0.702788 0.910243
26 Латви улс 0.600318 0.571625 0.478137 0.431584 0.373305 0.872009
27 Хорват 0.91927 0.92595 0.822129 0.837178 0.745808 0.85713
28 Хятад улс 0.909906 1.00792 1.04036 1.16379 1.17107 0.850874
29 Литва 0.64032 0.722513 0.673455 0.63807 0.561721 0.805056
30 Бразил 0.190826 0.161553 0.032264 -0.151225 -0.079082 0.783805
31 Хонг Конгийн 0.801652 1.09895 1.26313 1.35236 1.35536 0.770096
32 Серби 0.590053 0.562507 0.361921 0.366673 0.316878 0.730838
33 Шинэ Зеланд 0.064004 0.166665 -0.096978 -0.119421 -0.206663 0.659255
34 Босни ба Герцеговина 0.592368 0.545884 0.562599 0.578374 0.486929 0.62899
35 Филиппин 0.331523 0.394726 0.341858 0.477815 0.381438 0.570308
36 Болгар 0.447953 0.497365 0.278113 0.290812 0.318417 0.568975
37 Энэтхэг улс 0.091946 0.144541 -0.134587 -0.014696 0.016682 0.533078
38 Коста-Рика 0.024263 0.247592 0.158575 0.093993 0.005485 0.495774
39 Казахстан -0.853388 -0.787489 -0.961147 -1.00924 -0.994658 0.488584
40 Португал 0.650139 0.6184 0.433862 0.4937 0.480985 0.481395
41 Арабын Нэгдсэн Эмират улс 0.030733 -0.009763 -0.090032 -0.362895 -0.251409 0.4501
42 Өмнөд Африк 0.016592 -0.023795 -0.192079 -0.204966 -0.188863 0.42691
43 Уругвай 0.081756 -0.003597 -0.330617 -0.349791 -0.267658 0.40826
44 Турк 0.42938 0.450234 0.287393 0.378481 0.364792 0.371222
45 Аргентин -0.063178 -0.148047 -0.496513 -0.502072 -0.528185 0.356488
46 Грек 0.052732 -0.02161 -0.210378 -0.167862 -0.157527 0.353763
47 Колумб -0.001219 0.049744 -0.234596 -0.194463 -0.216272 0.323295
48 Бахрейн 0.274286
49 Австрали -0.516626 -0.528256 -0.816851 -0.846322 -0.763708 0.273459
50 Панам 0.630553 0.741643 0.710402 -0.558959 -0.560582 0.254851
51 Чили улс -0.328124 -0.333627 -0.499261 -0.532363 -0.592885 0.180979
52 Гүрж -0.152888 -0.168891 -0.419841 -0.457954 -0.455472 0.169247
53 Оман -0.431956 -0.742942 -0.874505 -0.774658 -0.671414 0.154263
54 Киргизстан 0.129527
55 Жордан 0.161675 0.216056 -0.140418 -0.010019 -0.004415 0.0669913
56 Намиб -0.602309 -0.241151 -0.328879 -0.381863 -0.397842 0.0
57 Ботсван -0.354011 -0.532549 -0.574288 -0.790862 -0.877179 0.0
58 Бельги 1.13515 1.04707 0.951062 0.90581 0.9484 0.0
59 Тунис 0.233429 0.291069 0.16411 0.214778 0.163278 -0.025504
60 Индонез -0.143199 -0.087123 -0.160233 -0.102013 -0.088124 -0.0401054
61 Македон -0.165571 -0.146735 -0.323051 -0.216515 -0.371769 -0.0478946
62 Египет -0.289977 -0.321576 -0.488663 -0.341403 -0.271803 -0.0564826
63 Эль Сальвадор -0.117335 -0.007233 -0.145168 -0.070683 -0.133223 -0.0734745
64 Ямайка -0.215289 -0.349499 -0.64931 -0.787602 -0.683642 -0.0971355
65 Доминиканы Бүгд Найрамдах Улс -0.26414 -0.256286 -0.406432 -0.40546 -0.457736 -0.145607
66 Армени -0.213839
67 Молдав 0.049706 0.115221 -0.019913 -0.103664 -0.214357 -0.236181
68 Перу улс -0.746415 -0.742204 -1.01445 -0.956349 -0.986909 -0.316394
69 Вьетнам -0.215986 -0.104485 -0.231462 -0.129961 -0.06973 -0.323136
70 Алжир -1.28473 -1.56777 -2.08154 -1.77252 -1.6871 -0.364908
71 Мавритани -0.375307
72 Сенегал -0.810511 -0.622244 -0.744196 -0.721723 -0.847701 -0.381733
73 Албани 0.272749 -0.472586 -0.684933 -0.542079 -0.650885 -0.464026
74 Зимбабве -0.918402 -1.00205 -1.04674 -0.844104 -0.926026 -0.510255
75 Монгол улс -1.20509 -1.35158 -1.67769 -1.55696 -1.27419 -0.554225
76 Марокко -0.509268 -0.535805 -0.774475 -0.559651 -0.747625 -0.555949
77 Эквадор -0.770023 -0.708563 -1.06674 -1.30875 -1.33499 -0.556652
78 Парагвай -0.619805 -0.645452 -0.982503 -1.10231 -1.05565 -0.572574
79 Пакистан -0.752351 -0.805746 -1.03613 -0.86519 -0.889031 -0.589646
80 Шри-Ланка -0.482129 -0.368732 -0.530163 -0.369437 -0.465842 -0.644255
81 Мали -0.678011
82 Мавритани -1.86292 -1.6776 -0.80395
83 Танзани -0.995243 -0.730645 -0.919298 -1.03347 -1.0393 -0.901479
84 Гана улс -1.05444 -1.00907 -1.27263 -1.47184 -1.15991 -0.901528
85 Этиоп -1.26465 -1.15076 -1.46341 -1.56239 -1.46649 -0.959502
86 Камбож улс -1.20676 -0.95203 -0.904026 -0.723043 -0.534499 -0.964806
87 Лаос -1.01474 -1.05514 -0.981452
88 Бирм -1.27821 -1.13827
89 Мадагаскар -0.831354 -0.726138 -0.823322 -0.820193 -0.964509 -1.22675
90 Иран улс -1.00321 -0.886393 -0.934617
91 Тайланд 0.870845 0.964292 0.87724 0.955651 1.05247
92 Йемен -1.22062 -1.14902 -1.34438 -1.30363
93 Венесуэл -0.811479 -1.12529 -0.942948
94 Румын 0.73466 0.70694 0.751166 0.787654 0.82995
95 Того -0.837184 -0.778208 -0.671987 -0.462205 -0.371802
96 Саудын Араб -0.074789 -0.07214 -0.462099 -0.369927 -0.355486
97 Конго, Бүгд Найрамдах Улс -1.21695 -1.12329 -0.675039 -0.730753 -0.814235
98 Украйн 0.480965 0.469842 0.28954 0.268345 0.2257
99 Конго, Бүгд Найрамдах Ардчилсан -1.06695 -1.29544
100 Габон -0.829728 -1.36163
101 Ангол -2.09087 -2.79136
102 Кувейт -0.296786 -0.436697 -1.49314 -0.836979 -0.789111
103 Никарагуа -0.883107 -0.71229 -0.955061 -1.00073 -1.13505
104 Финлянд 1.71439 1.61173 1.57477 1.49895 1.45829
105 Судан -1.93445 -1.65831 -1.873 -1.84461 -1.86774
106 Нигери улс -1.71191 -1.61348 -1.73702 -1.72001 -1.79177
107 Кени -0.610053 -0.580113 -0.616658 -0.51908 -0.57392
108 Австри 1.7891 1.71686 1.72767 1.64981 1.66445
109 Сири -0.670493
110 Ливан 0.293449 0.281872 0.107992 0.177455 0.151603
111 Камерун -0.618845 -0.546339 -0.69924 -0.841034 -1.00906
112 Мозамбик -1.3111 -1.16195 -1.22607 -1.2084 -1.14672
113 Тринидад ба Тобаго -0.567857 -0.858712
114 Нидерланд 0.952353 0.885129 0.818227 0.756212 0.860275
115 Катар улс -0.395827 -0.390929 -0.41667 -0.264365 -0.525304
116 Туркменистан -1.00593 -1.09788
117 Гондурас -0.690727 -0.398168 -0.429599 -0.370913 -0.408544
118 Замби -0.750633 -0.621731 -0.731336 -0.544915 -0.562239
119 Узбекстан -0.555588 -0.531504
120 Бангладеш -1.10503 -0.943499 -1.17559
121 Гвиней -1.72675 -1.66077 -2.17828 -1.77331
122 Зааны Ясан Эрэг улсын -1.20641 -1.0558 -1.05279 -1.17654 -1.14491
123 Болив -0.939743 -0.853344 -1.16084 -1.18122 -1.29269
124 Азербайжаны -1.44623 -1.50891 -1.44358 -1.7818 -1.63889
125 Словени 1.46906 1.43073 1.4359 1.41088 1.39199
126 Гватемал -0.390539 -0.293485 -0.505798 -0.412311 -0.440422