The Economic Complexity Index (ECI) and the Product Complexity Index (PCI) are, respectively, measures of the relative knowledge intensity of an economy or a product. ECI measures the knowledge intensity of an economy by considering the knowledge intensity of the products it exports. PCI measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters. This circular argument is mathematically tractable and can be used to construct relative measures of the knowledge intensity of economies and products (see methodology section for more details).

ECI has been validated as a relevant economic measure by showing its ability to predict future economic growth (see Hidalgo and Hausmann 2009), and explain international variations in income inequality (see Hartmann et al. 2017.

This page includes rankings using the Economic Complexity Index (ECI).

Download    Бүх жил татаж авах

Showing

Year Range

Улс 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
1 Япон 2.31329 2.32408 2.37352 2.31842 2.34767 2.22938
2 Швейцарь улс 1.95964 2.01041 2.05181 1.99456 2.12416 2.0544
3 Герман 1.9408 1.87347 1.84608 1.81367 1.91906 1.95551
4 Өмнөд Солонгос 1.70696 1.64658 1.82762 1.90646 1.97403 1.79864
5 Швед 1.80518 1.75179 1.75214 1.6459 1.61477 1.75485
6 Сингапур 1.68651 1.70347 1.71717 1.71171 1.72081 1.71625
7 Австри 1.7891 1.71686 1.72767 1.64981 1.66445 1.61209
8 Нэгдсэн Вант Улс 1.54878 1.49378 1.45544 1.40296 1.34514 1.59265
9 АНУ-ын 1.49138 1.45359 1.43702 1.30167 1.32592 1.58101
10 Чех улс 1.69489 1.68896 1.53381 1.52129 1.56023 1.57717
11 Финлянд 1.71439 1.61173 1.57477 1.49895 1.45829 1.55487
12 Словени 1.46906 1.43073 1.4359 1.41088 1.39199 1.44667
13 Ирланд 1.1731 1.24971 1.28901 1.22044 1.31565 1.44421
14 Франц 1.43611 1.36854 1.24155 1.15748 1.20672 1.34955
15 Унгар 1.53397 1.52192 1.43941 1.38229 1.40749 1.29993
16 Словак 1.37252 1.3272 1.21794 1.20436 1.27947 1.28447
17 Дани улс 1.2369 1.13685 0.995356 0.95349 0.885645 1.23615
18 Бельги 1.13515 1.04707 0.951062 0.90581 0.9484 1.21917
19 Итали 1.33488 1.31024 1.21525 1.24155 1.24787 1.21412
20 Израиль 1.21174 1.27127 1.22703 1.14081 1.16926 1.186
21 Польш 1.07468 0.960828 0.817343 0.839266 0.832384 1.14721
22 Нидерланд 0.952353 0.885129 0.818227 0.756212 0.860275 1.10655
23 Норвеги улс 0.535507 0.571734 0.614676 0.667969 0.682789 1.03384
24 Эстони улс 0.746338 0.76017 0.68394 0.752262 0.738564 1.02913
25 Мексик 1.00796 0.954246 0.846744 0.953003 0.959052 0.932908
26 Хятад улс 0.909906 1.00792 1.04036 1.16379 1.17107 0.911251
27 Румын 0.73466 0.70694 0.751166 0.787654 0.82995 0.871347
28 Малайз 0.791729 0.91952 0.810485 0.828817 0.971262 0.865661
29 Испани 0.980784 0.842403 0.700457 0.701443 0.656088 0.841379
30 Хорват 0.91927 0.92595 0.822129 0.837178 0.745808 0.831182
31 Канад 0.526191 0.534847 0.421886 0.411362 0.3821 0.767588
32 Саудын Араб -0.074789 -0.07214 -0.462099 -0.369927 -0.355486 0.766112
33 Хонг Конгийн 0.801652 1.09895 1.26313 1.35236 1.35536 0.749425
34 Беларусь 0.918398 0.82272 0.689295 0.731427 0.702788 0.723198
35 Литва 0.64032 0.722513 0.673455 0.63807 0.561721 0.703753
36 Тайланд 0.870845 0.964292 0.87724 0.955651 1.05247 0.671775
37 Латви улс 0.600318 0.571625 0.478137 0.431584 0.373305 0.650211
38 Серби 0.590053 0.562507 0.361921 0.366673 0.316878 0.581892
39 Португал 0.650139 0.6184 0.433862 0.4937 0.480985 0.555
40 Болгар 0.447953 0.497365 0.278113 0.290812 0.318417 0.53637
41 Босни ба Герцеговина 0.592368 0.545884 0.562599 0.578374 0.486929 0.482107
42 ОХУ- 0.009965 0.077047 0.048022 0.008439 -0.026792 0.467258
43 Украйн 0.480965 0.469842 0.28954 0.268345 0.2257 0.455412
44 Панам 0.630553 0.741643 0.710402 -0.558959 -0.560582 0.441168
45 Филиппин 0.331523 0.394726 0.341858 0.477815 0.381438 0.434081
46 Турк 0.42938 0.450234 0.287393 0.378481 0.364792 0.404726
47 Шинэ Зеланд 0.064004 0.166665 -0.096978 -0.119421 -0.206663 0.371123
48 Коста-Рика 0.024263 0.247592 0.158575 0.093993 0.005485 0.3146
49 Ливан 0.293449 0.281872 0.107992 0.177455 0.151603 0.248075
50 Арабын Нэгдсэн Эмират улс 0.030733 -0.009763 -0.090032 -0.362895 -0.251409 0.246693
51 Энэтхэг улс 0.091946 0.144541 -0.134587 -0.014696 0.016682 0.236866
52 Бразил 0.190826 0.161553 0.032264 -0.151225 -0.079082 0.229095
53 Грек 0.052732 -0.02161 -0.210378 -0.167862 -0.157527 0.222362
54 Уругвай 0.081756 -0.003597 -0.330617 -0.349791 -0.267658 0.175781
55 Кувейт -0.296786 -0.436697 -1.49314 -0.836979 -0.789111 0.128739
56 Эль Сальвадор -0.117335 -0.007233 -0.145168 -0.070683 -0.133223 0.112086
57 Македон -0.165571 -0.146735 -0.323051 -0.216515 -0.371769 0.105846
58 Тунис 0.233429 0.291069 0.16411 0.214778 0.163278 0.0973685
59 Жордан 0.161675 0.216056 -0.140418 -0.010019 -0.004415 0.0687142
60 Тринидад ба Тобаго -0.567857 -0.858712 0.00787162
61 Колумб -0.001219 0.049744 -0.234596 -0.194463 -0.216272 -0.00253314
62 Оман -0.431956 -0.742942 -0.874505 -0.774658 -0.671414 -0.00355699
63 Өмнөд Африк 0.016592 -0.023795 -0.192079 -0.204966 -0.188863 -0.0292484
64 Киргизстан -0.0461406
65 Египет -0.289977 -0.321576 -0.488663 -0.341403 -0.271803 -0.0702666
66 Катар улс -0.395827 -0.390929 -0.41667 -0.264365 -0.525304 -0.131597
67 Гүрж -0.152888 -0.168891 -0.419841 -0.457954 -0.455472 -0.136839
68 Казахстан -0.853388 -0.787489 -0.961147 -1.00924 -0.994658 -0.140565
69 Австрали -0.516626 -0.528256 -0.816851 -0.846322 -0.763708 -0.16901
70 Аргентин -0.063178 -0.148047 -0.496513 -0.502072 -0.528185 -0.179818
71 Чили улс -0.328124 -0.333627 -0.499261 -0.532363 -0.592885 -0.216857
72 Мавритани -0.245542
73 Индонез -0.143199 -0.087123 -0.160233 -0.102013 -0.088124 -0.253646
74 Ямайка -0.215289 -0.349499 -0.64931 -0.787602 -0.683642 -0.26616
75 Молдав 0.049706 0.115221 -0.019913 -0.103664 -0.214357 -0.300825
76 Вьетнам -0.215986 -0.104485 -0.231462 -0.129961 -0.06973 -0.332587
77 Доминиканы Бүгд Найрамдах Улс -0.26414 -0.256286 -0.406432 -0.40546 -0.457736 -0.352578
78 Иран улс -1.00321 -0.886393 -0.934617 -0.389103
79 Гватемал -0.390539 -0.293485 -0.505798 -0.412311 -0.440422 -0.392704
80 Уганда -0.44042
81 Албани 0.272749 -0.472586 -0.684933 -0.542079 -0.650885 -0.487843
82 Куба улс -0.507612
83 Сенегал -0.810511 -0.622244 -0.744196 -0.721723 -0.847701 -0.53243
84 Азербайжаны -1.44623 -1.50891 -1.44358 -1.7818 -1.63889 -0.545569
85 Гондурас -0.690727 -0.398168 -0.429599 -0.370913 -0.408544 -0.574449
86 Шри-Ланка -0.482129 -0.368732 -0.530163 -0.369437 -0.465842 -0.579077
87 Парагвай -0.619805 -0.645452 -0.982503 -1.10231 -1.05565 -0.642897
88 Сири -0.670493 -0.644997
89 Кени -0.610053 -0.580113 -0.616658 -0.51908 -0.57392 -0.658893
90 Узбекстан -0.555588 -0.531504 -0.663603
91 Пакистан -0.752351 -0.805746 -1.03613 -0.86519 -0.889031 -0.666548
92 Перу улс -0.746415 -0.742204 -1.01445 -0.956349 -0.986909 -0.68778
93 Алжир -1.28473 -1.56777 -2.08154 -1.77252 -1.6871 -0.715288
94 Либери -0.7467
95 Марокко -0.509268 -0.535805 -0.774475 -0.559651 -0.747625 -0.75663
96 Венесуэл -0.811479 -1.12529 -0.942948 -0.803681
97 Камбож улс -1.20676 -0.95203 -0.904026 -0.723043 -0.534499 -0.860402
98 Мали -0.885402
99 Зимбабве -0.918402 -1.00205 -1.04674 -0.844104 -0.926026 -0.897424
100 Лаос -1.01474 -1.05514 -0.988196
101 Эквадор -0.770023 -0.708563 -1.06674 -1.30875 -1.33499 -0.989348
102 Туркменистан -1.00593 -1.09788 -1.00243
103 Танзани -0.995243 -0.730645 -0.919298 -1.03347 -1.0393 -1.00641
104 Ливи -1.05141
105 Этиоп -1.26465 -1.15076 -1.46341 -1.56239 -1.46649 -1.06155
106 Никарагуа -0.883107 -0.71229 -0.955061 -1.00073 -1.13505 -1.06876
107 Тажикстан -1.07242
108 Болив -0.939743 -0.853344 -1.16084 -1.18122 -1.29269 -1.09992
109 Ангол -2.09087 -2.79136 -1.10671
110 Монгол улс -1.20509 -1.35158 -1.67769 -1.55696 -1.27419 -1.11654
111 Бангладеш -1.10503 -0.943499 -1.17559 -1.22314
112 Замби -0.750633 -0.621731 -0.731336 -0.544915 -0.562239 -1.22629
113 Конго, Бүгд Найрамдах Улс -1.21695 -1.12329 -0.675039 -0.730753 -0.814235 -1.28535
114 Мадагаскар -0.831354 -0.726138 -0.823322 -0.820193 -0.964509 -1.32037
115 Гана улс -1.05444 -1.00907 -1.27263 -1.47184 -1.15991 -1.41096
116 Габон -0.829728 -1.36163 -1.432
117 Судан -1.93445 -1.65831 -1.873 -1.84461 -1.86774 -1.43747
118 Йемен -1.22062 -1.14902 -1.34438 -1.30363 -1.46949
119 Зааны Ясан Эрэг улсын -1.20641 -1.0558 -1.05279 -1.17654 -1.14491 -1.51738
120 Нигери улс -1.71191 -1.61348 -1.73702 -1.72001 -1.79177 -1.54415
121 Мавритани -1.86292 -1.6776 -1.59462
122 Мозамбик -1.3111 -1.16195 -1.22607 -1.2084 -1.14672 -1.61157
123 Малави -1.6499
124 Камерун -0.618845 -0.546339 -0.69924 -0.841034 -1.00906 -1.65947
125 Папуа Шинэ Гвиней -1.74395
126 Гвиней -1.72675 -1.66077 -2.17828 -1.77331 -1.9858
127 Того -0.837184 -0.778208 -0.671987 -0.462205 -0.371802
128 Намиб -0.602309 -0.241151 -0.328879 -0.381863 -0.397842
129 Конго, Бүгд Найрамдах Ардчилсан -1.06695 -1.29544
130 Ботсван -0.354011 -0.532549 -0.574288 -0.790862 -0.877179
131 Бирм -1.27821