The Economic Complexity Index (ECI) and the Product Complexity Index (PCI) are, respectively, measures of the relative knowledge intensity of an economy or a product. ECI measures the knowledge intensity of an economy by considering the knowledge intensity of the products it exports. PCI measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters. This circular argument is mathematically tractable and can be used to construct relative measures of the knowledge intensity of economies and products (see methodology section for more details).

ECI has been validated as a relevant economic measure by showing its ability to predict future economic growth (see Hidalgo and Hausmann 2009), and explain international variations in income inequality (see Hartmann et al. 2017.

This page includes rankings using the Economic Complexity Index (ECI).

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Year Range

Улс 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
1 Швейцарь улс 1.95964 2.01041 2.05181 1.99456 2.12416 2.59625
2 Япон 2.31329 2.32408 2.37352 2.31842 2.34767 2.4687
3 Сингапур 1.68651 1.70347 1.71717 1.71171 1.72081 2.12695
4 Өмнөд Солонгос 1.70696 1.64658 1.82762 1.90646 1.97403 1.9776
5 Герман 1.9408 1.87347 1.84608 1.81367 1.91906 1.89589
6 Швед 1.80518 1.75179 1.75214 1.6459 1.61477 1.59228
7 АНУ-ын 1.49138 1.45359 1.43702 1.30167 1.32592 1.55257
8 Нэгдсэн Вант Улс 1.54878 1.49378 1.45544 1.40296 1.34514 1.54527
9 Чех улс 1.69489 1.68896 1.53381 1.52129 1.56023 1.39521
10 Израиль 1.21174 1.27127 1.22703 1.14081 1.16926 1.37382
11 Ирланд 1.1731 1.24971 1.28901 1.22044 1.31565 1.31298
12 Хонг Конгийн 0.801652 1.09895 1.26313 1.35236 1.35536 1.23447
13 Франц 1.43611 1.36854 1.24155 1.15748 1.20672 1.15695
14 Малайз 0.791729 0.91952 0.810485 0.828817 0.971262 1.03133
15 Унгар 1.53397 1.52192 1.43941 1.38229 1.40749 1.02935
16 Бельги 1.13515 1.04707 0.951062 0.90581 0.9484 0.99588
17 Итали 1.33488 1.31024 1.21525 1.24155 1.24787 0.949015
18 Хятад улс 0.909906 1.00792 1.04036 1.16379 1.17107 0.89219
19 Словак 1.37252 1.3272 1.21794 1.20436 1.27947 0.866871
20 Норвеги улс 0.535507 0.571734 0.614676 0.667969 0.682789 0.822228
21 Дани улс 1.2369 1.13685 0.995356 0.95349 0.885645 0.808458
22 Польш 1.07468 0.960828 0.817343 0.839266 0.832384 0.735418
23 Эстони улс 0.746338 0.76017 0.68394 0.752262 0.738564 0.649198
24 Панам 0.630553 0.741643 0.710402 -0.558959 -0.560582 0.584897
25 Мексик 1.00796 0.954246 0.846744 0.953003 0.959052 0.572282
26 Литва 0.64032 0.722513 0.673455 0.63807 0.561721 0.462709
27 Хорват 0.91927 0.92595 0.822129 0.837178 0.745808 0.417804
28 Испани 0.980784 0.842403 0.700457 0.701443 0.656088 0.387094
29 Канад 0.526191 0.534847 0.421886 0.411362 0.3821 0.342765
30 Беларусь 0.918398 0.82272 0.689295 0.731427 0.702788 0.337386
31 Арабын Нэгдсэн Эмират улс 0.030733 -0.009763 -0.090032 -0.362895 -0.251409 0.241859
32 Латви улс 0.600318 0.571625 0.478137 0.431584 0.373305 0.197157
33 Болгар 0.447953 0.497365 0.278113 0.290812 0.318417 0.169379
34 ОХУ- 0.009965 0.077047 0.048022 0.008439 -0.026792 0.142872
35 Серби 0.590053 0.562507 0.361921 0.366673 0.316878 0.0745877
36 Португал 0.650139 0.6184 0.433862 0.4937 0.480985 0.0657328
37 Энэтхэг улс 0.091946 0.144541 -0.134587 -0.014696 0.016682 0.0490719
38 Филиппин 0.331523 0.394726 0.341858 0.477815 0.381438 0.0489485
39 Босни ба Герцеговина 0.592368 0.545884 0.562599 0.578374 0.486929 0.0324603
40 Жордан 0.161675 0.216056 -0.140418 -0.010019 -0.004415 -0.0100069
41 Турк 0.42938 0.450234 0.287393 0.378481 0.364792 -0.0383133
42 Өмнөд Африк 0.016592 -0.023795 -0.192079 -0.204966 -0.188863 -0.0385376
43 Тунис 0.233429 0.291069 0.16411 0.214778 0.163278 -0.0927338
44 Бразил 0.190826 0.161553 0.032264 -0.151225 -0.079082 -0.103021
45 Колумб -0.001219 0.049744 -0.234596 -0.194463 -0.216272 -0.123219
46 Шинэ Зеланд 0.064004 0.166665 -0.096978 -0.119421 -0.206663 -0.126994
47 Коста-Рика 0.024263 0.247592 0.158575 0.093993 0.005485 -0.177184
48 Грек 0.052732 -0.02161 -0.210378 -0.167862 -0.157527 -0.19882
49 Эль Сальвадор -0.117335 -0.007233 -0.145168 -0.070683 -0.133223 -0.263641
50 Уругвай 0.081756 -0.003597 -0.330617 -0.349791 -0.267658 -0.350881
51 Индонез -0.143199 -0.087123 -0.160233 -0.102013 -0.088124 -0.365108
52 Египет -0.289977 -0.321576 -0.488663 -0.341403 -0.271803 -0.410868
53 Македон -0.165571 -0.146735 -0.323051 -0.216515 -0.371769 -0.423583
54 Мавритани -0.429113
55 Австрали -0.516626 -0.528256 -0.816851 -0.846322 -0.763708 -0.468001
56 Оман -0.431956 -0.742942 -0.874505 -0.774658 -0.671414 -0.52902
57 Киргизстан -0.570333
58 Намиб -0.602309 -0.241151 -0.328879 -0.381863 -0.397842 -0.572063
59 Доминиканы Бүгд Найрамдах Улс -0.26414 -0.256286 -0.406432 -0.40546 -0.457736 -0.599903
60 Аргентин -0.063178 -0.148047 -0.496513 -0.502072 -0.528185 -0.622054
61 Ямайка -0.215289 -0.349499 -0.64931 -0.787602 -0.683642 -0.657155
62 Казахстан -0.853388 -0.787489 -0.961147 -1.00924 -0.994658 -0.703193
63 Молдав 0.049706 0.115221 -0.019913 -0.103664 -0.214357 -0.734169
64 Алжир -1.28473 -1.56777 -2.08154 -1.77252 -1.6871 -0.781585
65 Сенегал -0.810511 -0.622244 -0.744196 -0.721723 -0.847701 -0.808596
66 Камбож улс -1.20676 -0.95203 -0.904026 -0.723043 -0.534499 -0.819875
67 Гүрж -0.152888 -0.168891 -0.419841 -0.457954 -0.455472 -0.843737
68 Шри-Ланка -0.482129 -0.368732 -0.530163 -0.369437 -0.465842 -0.852336
69 Чили улс -0.328124 -0.333627 -0.499261 -0.532363 -0.592885 -0.855573
70 Ботсван -0.354011 -0.532549 -0.574288 -0.790862 -0.877179 -0.987254
71 Албани 0.272749 -0.472586 -0.684933 -0.542079 -0.650885 -0.997802
72 Парагвай -0.619805 -0.645452 -0.982503 -1.10231 -1.05565 -1.04279
73 Мали -1.06046
74 Пакистан -0.752351 -0.805746 -1.03613 -0.86519 -0.889031 -1.06616
75 Марокко -0.509268 -0.535805 -0.774475 -0.559651 -0.747625 -1.09205
76 Перу улс -0.746415 -0.742204 -1.01445 -0.956349 -0.986909 -1.11161
77 Зимбабве -0.918402 -1.00205 -1.04674 -0.844104 -0.926026 -1.13868
78 Гана улс -1.05444 -1.00907 -1.27263 -1.47184 -1.15991 -1.19204
79 Лаос -1.01474 -1.05514 -1.20526
80 Танзани -0.995243 -0.730645 -0.919298 -1.03347 -1.0393 -1.20639
81 Этиоп -1.26465 -1.15076 -1.46341 -1.56239 -1.46649 -1.3311
82 Эквадор -0.770023 -0.708563 -1.06674 -1.30875 -1.33499 -1.3774
83 Мадагаскар -0.831354 -0.726138 -0.823322 -0.820193 -0.964509 -1.56216
84 Монгол улс -1.20509 -1.35158 -1.67769 -1.55696 -1.27419 -1.76497
85 Мавритани -1.86292 -1.6776 -2.26649
86 Иран улс -1.00321 -0.886393 -0.934617
87 Тайланд 0.870845 0.964292 0.87724 0.955651 1.05247
88 Йемен -1.22062 -1.14902 -1.34438 -1.30363
89 Венесуэл -0.811479 -1.12529 -0.942948
90 Румын 0.73466 0.70694 0.751166 0.787654 0.82995
91 Того -0.837184 -0.778208 -0.671987 -0.462205 -0.371802
92 Саудын Араб -0.074789 -0.07214 -0.462099 -0.369927 -0.355486
93 Конго, Бүгд Найрамдах Улс -1.21695 -1.12329 -0.675039 -0.730753 -0.814235
94 Украйн 0.480965 0.469842 0.28954 0.268345 0.2257
95 Вьетнам -0.215986 -0.104485 -0.231462 -0.129961 -0.06973
96 Конго, Бүгд Найрамдах Ардчилсан -1.06695 -1.29544
97 Габон -0.829728 -1.36163
98 Ангол -2.09087 -2.79136
99 Кувейт -0.296786 -0.436697 -1.49314 -0.836979 -0.789111
100 Никарагуа -0.883107 -0.71229 -0.955061 -1.00073 -1.13505
101 Финлянд 1.71439 1.61173 1.57477 1.49895 1.45829
102 Судан -1.93445 -1.65831 -1.873 -1.84461 -1.86774
103 Нигери улс -1.71191 -1.61348 -1.73702 -1.72001 -1.79177
104 Кени -0.610053 -0.580113 -0.616658 -0.51908 -0.57392
105 Австри 1.7891 1.71686 1.72767 1.64981 1.66445
106 Сири -0.670493
107 Ливан 0.293449 0.281872 0.107992 0.177455 0.151603
108 Камерун -0.618845 -0.546339 -0.69924 -0.841034 -1.00906
109 Бирм -1.27821
110 Мозамбик -1.3111 -1.16195 -1.22607 -1.2084 -1.14672
111 Тринидад ба Тобаго -0.567857 -0.858712
112 Нидерланд 0.952353 0.885129 0.818227 0.756212 0.860275
113 Катар улс -0.395827 -0.390929 -0.41667 -0.264365 -0.525304
114 Туркменистан -1.00593 -1.09788
115 Гондурас -0.690727 -0.398168 -0.429599 -0.370913 -0.408544
116 Замби -0.750633 -0.621731 -0.731336 -0.544915 -0.562239
117 Узбекстан -0.555588 -0.531504
118 Бангладеш -1.10503 -0.943499 -1.17559
119 Гвиней -1.72675 -1.66077 -2.17828 -1.77331
120 Зааны Ясан Эрэг улсын -1.20641 -1.0558 -1.05279 -1.17654 -1.14491
121 Болив -0.939743 -0.853344 -1.16084 -1.18122 -1.29269
122 Азербайжаны -1.44623 -1.50891 -1.44358 -1.7818 -1.63889
123 Словени 1.46906 1.43073 1.4359 1.41088 1.39199
124 Гватемал -0.390539 -0.293485 -0.505798 -0.412311 -0.440422