The Economic Complexity Index (ECI) and the Product Complexity Index (PCI) are, respectively, measures of the relative knowledge intensity of an economy or a product. ECI measures the knowledge intensity of an economy by considering the knowledge intensity of the products it exports. PCI measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters. This circular argument is mathematically tractable and can be used to construct relative measures of the knowledge intensity of economies and products (see methodology section for more details).

ECI has been validated as a relevant economic measure by showing its ability to predict future economic growth (see Hidalgo and Hausmann 2009), and explain international variations in income inequality (see Hartmann et al. 2017.

This page includes rankings using the Economic Complexity Index (ECI).

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Year Range

País 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
1 Japão 2.37352 2.31842 2.29751 2.27406 2.30938
2 Suíça 2.05181 1.99456 2.15805 2.22117 2.24386
3 Alemanha 1.84608 1.81367 2.09809 2.08459 2.07537
4 Cingapura 1.71717 1.71171 1.746 1.79973 1.86534
5 Suécia 1.75214 1.6459 1.92429 1.86277 1.80773
6 Coreia do Sul 1.82762 1.90646 1.65462 1.69142 1.77613
7 Estados Unidos 1.43702 1.30167 1.8166 1.78168 1.75541
8 Finlândia 1.57477 1.49895 1.77048 1.72464 1.70679
9 República Checa 1.53381 1.52129 1.67011 1.66047 1.6431
10 Áustria 1.72767 1.64981 1.68354 1.63921 1.62894
11 Reino Unido 1.45544 1.40296 1.6425 1.5493 1.53259
12 Eslovenia 1.4359 1.41088 1.42499 1.44739 1.4319
13 Irlanda 1.28901 1.22044 1.35298 1.40903 1.40023
14 França 1.24155 1.15748 1.41803 1.40465 1.38964
15 Hungria 1.43941 1.38229 1.35493 1.37204 1.38444
16 Eslováquia 1.21794 1.20436 1.31956 1.34513 1.3402
17 Israel 1.22703 1.14081 1.23759 1.27878 1.3146
18 Holanda 0.818227 0.756212 1.31596 1.28874 1.30343
19 Dinamarca 0.995356 0.95349 1.23141 1.21947 1.1577
20 Itália 1.21525 1.24155 1.11574 1.10767 1.11743
21 México 0.846744 0.953003 1.15387 1.16038 1.09955
22 Noruega 0.614676 0.667969 1.21126 1.19882 1.09466
23 Polônia 0.817343 0.839266 1.10641 1.09864 1.09432
24 Canadá 0.421886 0.411362 1.12953 1.08422 1.05671
25 Malásia 0.810485 0.828817 0.938148 0.995461 0.971372
26 Estônia 0.68394 0.752262 0.86561 0.843983 0.898422
27 Rússia 0.048022 0.008439 0.855036 0.8547 0.852045
28 Espanha 0.700457 0.701443 0.820536 0.80013 0.777415
29 Arábia Saudita -0.462099 -0.369927 0.870754 0.819673 0.747155
30 Belarus 0.689295 0.731427 0.836874 0.743585 0.743075
31 Romênia 0.751166 0.787654 0.561038 0.620618 0.713669
32 Tailândia 0.87724 0.955651 0.590169 0.650521 0.711704
33 China 1.04036 1.16379 0.60941 0.642376 0.691307
34 Lituânia 0.673455 0.63807 0.667051 0.627923 0.675449
35 Látvia 0.478137 0.431584 0.629273 0.649569 0.653054
36 Croácia 0.822129 0.837178 0.657789 0.666972 0.623091
37 Brasil 0.032264 -0.151225 0.696066 0.648284 0.608252
38 Hong Kong 1.26313 1.35236 0.426902 0.520167 0.594188
39 Ucrânia 0.28954 0.268345 0.658954 0.619115 0.556886
40 Sérvia 0.361921 0.366673 0.520936 0.546327 0.532947
41 Nova Zelândia -0.096978 -0.119421 0.59338 0.488085 0.483484
42 Catar -0.41667 -0.264365 0.322636 0.499297 0.396207
43 Filipinas 0.341858 0.477815 0.111666 0.220265 0.381087
44 Bósnia e Herzegovina 0.562599 0.578374 0.32009 0.328647 0.372865
45 Índia -0.134587 -0.014696 0.254162 0.31413 0.359807
46 Bulgária 0.278113 0.290812 0.358694 0.327278 0.347659
47 África do Sul -0.192079 -0.204966 0.303549 0.28477 0.268797
48 Portugal 0.433862 0.4937 0.255319 0.26363 0.258555
49 Costa Rica 0.158575 0.093993 0.135131 0.231586 0.237988
50 Argentina -0.496513 -0.502072 0.462111 0.360496 0.232335
51 Uruguai -0.330617 -0.349791 0.220677 0.177011 0.207869
52 Turquia 0.287393 0.378481 0.133999 0.150909 0.175726
53 Colômbia -0.234596 -0.194463 0.0953318 0.11439 0.144356
54 Emirados Árabes Unidos -0.090032 -0.362895 0.124122 0.0911202 0.128674
55 Grécia -0.210378 -0.167862 0.113201 0.106201 0.125884
56 Panamá 0.710402 -0.558959 0.0789054 0.124958 0.119062
57 Kuweit -1.49314 -0.836979 0.25958 0.235139 0.11607
58 Cazaquistão -0.961147 -1.00924 0.0243757 0.157371 0.0883664
59 Austrália -0.816851 -0.846322 0.0971997 0.146237 0.0863035
60 Líbano 0.107992 0.177455 0.11624 0.0486427 0.0803256
61 Chile -0.499261 -0.532363 0.0316813 0.0611241 0.0443139
62 Trinidad e Tobago -0.219598 -0.174918 -0.0506048
63 Georgia -0.419841 -0.457954 -0.13572 -0.104348 -0.0587891
64 Oman -0.874505 -0.774658 -0.297732 -0.0404026 -0.0609077
65 Jordânia -0.140418 -0.010019 -0.0543591 -0.101439 -0.149852
66 Irã -0.934617 -0.157821 -0.158038
67 Jamaica -0.64931 -0.787602 -0.285952 -0.258965 -0.239734
68 Quirguistão -0.430339 -0.33118 -0.286814
69 Tunísia 0.16411 0.214778 -0.323836 -0.323494 -0.287626
70 Macedonia -0.323051 -0.216515 -0.39802 -0.379236 -0.290303
71 Indonésia -0.160233 -0.102013 -0.382548 -0.359668 -0.305644
72 Egito -0.488663 -0.341403 -0.376617 -0.346329 -0.319753
73 El Salvador -0.145168 -0.070683 -0.518145 -0.491815 -0.336211
74 República Dominicana -0.406432 -0.40546 -0.422355 -0.382253 -0.363374
75 Cuba -0.274702 -0.379871
76 Moldávia -0.019913 -0.103664 -0.388113 -0.475939 -0.464417
77 Uganda -0.379853 -0.383244 -0.512514
78 Zâmbia -0.731336 -0.544915 -0.219831 -0.367271 -0.514087
79 Senegal -0.744196 -0.721723 -0.498182 -0.583953 -0.518687
80 Maurício -0.666129 -0.638339 -0.579654
81 Peru -1.01445 -0.956349 -0.645699 -0.565693 -0.598962
82 Guatemala -0.505798 -0.412311 -0.555447 -0.57015 -0.616793
83 Vietnã -0.231462 -0.129961 -0.707104 -0.669703 -0.623084
84 Azerbaijão -1.44358 -1.7818 -0.674689 -0.650166 -0.654587
85 Venezuela -0.942948 -0.667168 -0.655229
86 Paraguai -0.982503 -1.10231 -0.63956 -0.767192 -0.676455
87 Honduras -0.429599 -0.370913 -0.844833 -0.765916 -0.744556
88 Síria -0.633554 -0.744963
89 Quênia -0.616658 -0.51908 -0.690631 -0.705736 -0.747829
90 Mali -1.29791 -0.99785 -0.767797
91 Malavi -0.438195 -0.468412 -0.768715
92 Albânia -0.684933 -0.542079 -0.896511 -0.90769 -0.781571
93 Mongólia -1.67769 -1.55696 -0.851358 -0.767706 -0.78801
94 Argélia -2.08154 -1.77252 -1.01136 -0.937221 -0.811671
95 Zimbábue -1.04674 -0.844104 -0.697917 -0.707958 -0.811801
96 Uzbequistão -0.873889 -0.895987 -0.847152
97 Libéria -0.719266 -0.98089 -0.854269
98 Paquistão -1.03613 -0.86519 -0.922811 -0.935143 -0.859978
99 Marrocos -0.774475 -0.559651 -0.877951 -0.861004 -0.89235
100 Congo, República do -0.675039 -0.730753 -1.03802 -1.07835 -0.898092
101 Sri Lanka -0.530163 -0.369437 -1.05527 -0.972538 -0.901589
102 Equador -1.06674 -1.30875 -0.768335 -0.950771 -0.933232
103 Mauritânia -0.833422 -0.963114
104 Líbia -1.26778 -0.965428
105 Iémen -1.34438 -0.912604 -0.757001 -0.97195
106 Camarões -0.69924 -0.841034 -1.0069 -0.814567 -1.01371
107 Tanzânia -0.919298 -1.03347 -0.879252 -0.97857 -1.01705
108 Bolívia -1.16084 -1.18122 -1.06538 -1.06344 -1.07744
109 Tadjiquistão -1.17436 -1.03731 -1.10384
110 Cote d'Ivoire -1.05279 -1.17654 -0.965066 -0.987537 -1.12772
111 Gana -1.27263 -1.47184 -1.04762 -1.21682 -1.15388
112 Turquemenistão -1.48447 -1.27173 -1.19506
113 Gabão -1.06145 -1.36159 -1.22477
114 Moçambique -1.22607 -1.2084 -1.18598 -1.18114 -1.24908
115 Laos -1.21682 -1.19835 -1.25108
116 Etiópia -1.46341 -1.56239 -1.31886 -1.30394 -1.27445
117 Angola -1.25745 -1.16876 -1.3177
118 Nicarágua -0.955061 -1.00073 -1.31615 -1.34285 -1.33756
119 Camboja -0.904026 -0.723043 -1.47629 -1.44677 -1.37692
120 Sudão -1.873 -1.84461 -1.53738 -1.63482 -1.45787
121 Madagáscar -0.823322 -0.820193 -1.49269 -1.47536 -1.45882
122 Guiné -2.17828 -1.22835 -1.44215 -1.51688
123 Bangladesh -1.17559 -1.76105 -1.77822 -1.71442
124 Nigéria -1.73702 -1.72001 -1.60088 -1.73247 -1.90268
125 Papua Nova Guiné -1.75799 -2.00821
126 Togo -0.671987 -0.462205
127 Namíbia -0.328879 -0.381863
128 Botswana -0.574288 -0.790862
129 Bélgica 0.951062 0.90581