The Economic Complexity Index (ECI) and the Product Complexity Index (PCI) are, respectively, measures of the relative knowledge intensity of an economy or a product. ECI measures the knowledge intensity of an economy by considering the knowledge intensity of the products it exports. PCI measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters. This circular argument is mathematically tractable and can be used to construct relative measures of the knowledge intensity of economies and products (see methodology section for more details).

ECI has been validated as a relevant economic measure by showing its ability to predict future economic growth (see Hidalgo and Hausmann 2009), and explain international variations in income inequality (see Hartmann et al. 2017.

This page includes rankings using the Economic Complexity Index (ECI).

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Year Range

País 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
1 Suíça 1.95964 2.01041 2.05181 1.99456 2.12416 2.59625
2 Japão 2.31329 2.32408 2.37352 2.31842 2.34767 2.4687
3 Cingapura 1.68651 1.70347 1.71717 1.71171 1.72081 2.12695
4 Coreia do Sul 1.70696 1.64658 1.82762 1.90646 1.97403 1.9776
5 Alemanha 1.9408 1.87347 1.84608 1.81367 1.91906 1.89589
6 Suécia 1.80518 1.75179 1.75214 1.6459 1.61477 1.59228
7 Estados Unidos 1.49138 1.45359 1.43702 1.30167 1.32592 1.55257
8 Reino Unido 1.54878 1.49378 1.45544 1.40296 1.34514 1.54527
9 República Checa 1.69489 1.68896 1.53381 1.52129 1.56023 1.39521
10 Israel 1.21174 1.27127 1.22703 1.14081 1.16926 1.37382
11 Irlanda 1.1731 1.24971 1.28901 1.22044 1.31565 1.31298
12 Hong Kong 0.801652 1.09895 1.26313 1.35236 1.35536 1.23447
13 França 1.43611 1.36854 1.24155 1.15748 1.20672 1.15695
14 Malásia 0.791729 0.91952 0.810485 0.828817 0.971262 1.03133
15 Hungria 1.53397 1.52192 1.43941 1.38229 1.40749 1.02935
16 Bélgica 1.13515 1.04707 0.951062 0.90581 0.9484 0.99588
17 Itália 1.33488 1.31024 1.21525 1.24155 1.24787 0.949015
18 China 0.909906 1.00792 1.04036 1.16379 1.17107 0.89219
19 Eslováquia 1.37252 1.3272 1.21794 1.20436 1.27947 0.866871
20 Noruega 0.535507 0.571734 0.614676 0.667969 0.682789 0.822228
21 Dinamarca 1.2369 1.13685 0.995356 0.95349 0.885645 0.808458
22 Polônia 1.07468 0.960828 0.817343 0.839266 0.832384 0.735418
23 Estônia 0.746338 0.76017 0.68394 0.752262 0.738564 0.649198
24 Panamá 0.630553 0.741643 0.710402 -0.558959 -0.560582 0.584897
25 México 1.00796 0.954246 0.846744 0.953003 0.959052 0.572282
26 Lituânia 0.64032 0.722513 0.673455 0.63807 0.561721 0.462709
27 Croácia 0.91927 0.92595 0.822129 0.837178 0.745808 0.417804
28 Espanha 0.980784 0.842403 0.700457 0.701443 0.656088 0.387094
29 Canadá 0.526191 0.534847 0.421886 0.411362 0.3821 0.342765
30 Belarus 0.918398 0.82272 0.689295 0.731427 0.702788 0.337386
31 Emirados Árabes Unidos 0.030733 -0.009763 -0.090032 -0.362895 -0.251409 0.241859
32 Látvia 0.600318 0.571625 0.478137 0.431584 0.373305 0.197157
33 Bulgária 0.447953 0.497365 0.278113 0.290812 0.318417 0.169379
34 Rússia 0.009965 0.077047 0.048022 0.008439 -0.026792 0.142872
35 Sérvia 0.590053 0.562507 0.361921 0.366673 0.316878 0.0745877
36 Portugal 0.650139 0.6184 0.433862 0.4937 0.480985 0.0657328
37 Índia 0.091946 0.144541 -0.134587 -0.014696 0.016682 0.0490719
38 Filipinas 0.331523 0.394726 0.341858 0.477815 0.381438 0.0489485
39 Bósnia e Herzegovina 0.592368 0.545884 0.562599 0.578374 0.486929 0.0324603
40 Jordânia 0.161675 0.216056 -0.140418 -0.010019 -0.004415 -0.0100069
41 Turquia 0.42938 0.450234 0.287393 0.378481 0.364792 -0.0383133
42 África do Sul 0.016592 -0.023795 -0.192079 -0.204966 -0.188863 -0.0385376
43 Tunísia 0.233429 0.291069 0.16411 0.214778 0.163278 -0.0927338
44 Brasil 0.190826 0.161553 0.032264 -0.151225 -0.079082 -0.103021
45 Colômbia -0.001219 0.049744 -0.234596 -0.194463 -0.216272 -0.123219
46 Nova Zelândia 0.064004 0.166665 -0.096978 -0.119421 -0.206663 -0.126994
47 Costa Rica 0.024263 0.247592 0.158575 0.093993 0.005485 -0.177184
48 Grécia 0.052732 -0.02161 -0.210378 -0.167862 -0.157527 -0.19882
49 El Salvador -0.117335 -0.007233 -0.145168 -0.070683 -0.133223 -0.263641
50 Uruguai 0.081756 -0.003597 -0.330617 -0.349791 -0.267658 -0.350881
51 Indonésia -0.143199 -0.087123 -0.160233 -0.102013 -0.088124 -0.365108
52 Egito -0.289977 -0.321576 -0.488663 -0.341403 -0.271803 -0.410868
53 Macedonia -0.165571 -0.146735 -0.323051 -0.216515 -0.371769 -0.423583
54 Maurício -0.429113
55 Austrália -0.516626 -0.528256 -0.816851 -0.846322 -0.763708 -0.468001
56 Oman -0.431956 -0.742942 -0.874505 -0.774658 -0.671414 -0.52902
57 Quirguistão -0.570333
58 Namíbia -0.602309 -0.241151 -0.328879 -0.381863 -0.397842 -0.572063
59 República Dominicana -0.26414 -0.256286 -0.406432 -0.40546 -0.457736 -0.599903
60 Argentina -0.063178 -0.148047 -0.496513 -0.502072 -0.528185 -0.622054
61 Jamaica -0.215289 -0.349499 -0.64931 -0.787602 -0.683642 -0.657155
62 Cazaquistão -0.853388 -0.787489 -0.961147 -1.00924 -0.994658 -0.703193
63 Moldávia 0.049706 0.115221 -0.019913 -0.103664 -0.214357 -0.734169
64 Argélia -1.28473 -1.56777 -2.08154 -1.77252 -1.6871 -0.781585
65 Senegal -0.810511 -0.622244 -0.744196 -0.721723 -0.847701 -0.808596
66 Camboja -1.20676 -0.95203 -0.904026 -0.723043 -0.534499 -0.819875
67 Georgia -0.152888 -0.168891 -0.419841 -0.457954 -0.455472 -0.843737
68 Sri Lanka -0.482129 -0.368732 -0.530163 -0.369437 -0.465842 -0.852336
69 Chile -0.328124 -0.333627 -0.499261 -0.532363 -0.592885 -0.855573
70 Botswana -0.354011 -0.532549 -0.574288 -0.790862 -0.877179 -0.987254
71 Albânia 0.272749 -0.472586 -0.684933 -0.542079 -0.650885 -0.997802
72 Paraguai -0.619805 -0.645452 -0.982503 -1.10231 -1.05565 -1.04279
73 Mali -1.06046
74 Paquistão -0.752351 -0.805746 -1.03613 -0.86519 -0.889031 -1.06616
75 Marrocos -0.509268 -0.535805 -0.774475 -0.559651 -0.747625 -1.09205
76 Peru -0.746415 -0.742204 -1.01445 -0.956349 -0.986909 -1.11161
77 Zimbábue -0.918402 -1.00205 -1.04674 -0.844104 -0.926026 -1.13868
78 Gana -1.05444 -1.00907 -1.27263 -1.47184 -1.15991 -1.19204
79 Laos -1.01474 -1.05514 -1.20526
80 Tanzânia -0.995243 -0.730645 -0.919298 -1.03347 -1.0393 -1.20639
81 Etiópia -1.26465 -1.15076 -1.46341 -1.56239 -1.46649 -1.3311
82 Equador -0.770023 -0.708563 -1.06674 -1.30875 -1.33499 -1.3774
83 Madagáscar -0.831354 -0.726138 -0.823322 -0.820193 -0.964509 -1.56216
84 Mongólia -1.20509 -1.35158 -1.67769 -1.55696 -1.27419 -1.76497
85 Mauritânia -1.86292 -1.6776 -2.26649
86 Irã -1.00321 -0.886393 -0.934617
87 Tailândia 0.870845 0.964292 0.87724 0.955651 1.05247
88 Iémen -1.22062 -1.14902 -1.34438 -1.30363
89 Venezuela -0.811479 -1.12529 -0.942948
90 Romênia 0.73466 0.70694 0.751166 0.787654 0.82995
91 Togo -0.837184 -0.778208 -0.671987 -0.462205 -0.371802
92 Arábia Saudita -0.074789 -0.07214 -0.462099 -0.369927 -0.355486
93 Congo, República do -1.21695 -1.12329 -0.675039 -0.730753 -0.814235
94 Ucrânia 0.480965 0.469842 0.28954 0.268345 0.2257
95 Vietnã -0.215986 -0.104485 -0.231462 -0.129961 -0.06973
96 Congo, República Democrática do -1.06695 -1.29544
97 Gabão -0.829728 -1.36163
98 Angola -2.09087 -2.79136
99 Kuweit -0.296786 -0.436697 -1.49314 -0.836979 -0.789111
100 Nicarágua -0.883107 -0.71229 -0.955061 -1.00073 -1.13505
101 Finlândia 1.71439 1.61173 1.57477 1.49895 1.45829
102 Sudão -1.93445 -1.65831 -1.873 -1.84461 -1.86774
103 Nigéria -1.71191 -1.61348 -1.73702 -1.72001 -1.79177
104 Quênia -0.610053 -0.580113 -0.616658 -0.51908 -0.57392
105 Áustria 1.7891 1.71686 1.72767 1.64981 1.66445
106 Síria -0.670493
107 Líbano 0.293449 0.281872 0.107992 0.177455 0.151603
108 Camarões -0.618845 -0.546339 -0.69924 -0.841034 -1.00906
109 Birmânia -1.27821
110 Moçambique -1.3111 -1.16195 -1.22607 -1.2084 -1.14672
111 Trinidad e Tobago -0.567857 -0.858712
112 Holanda 0.952353 0.885129 0.818227 0.756212 0.860275
113 Catar -0.395827 -0.390929 -0.41667 -0.264365 -0.525304
114 Turquemenistão -1.00593 -1.09788
115 Honduras -0.690727 -0.398168 -0.429599 -0.370913 -0.408544
116 Zâmbia -0.750633 -0.621731 -0.731336 -0.544915 -0.562239
117 Uzbequistão -0.555588 -0.531504
118 Bangladesh -1.10503 -0.943499 -1.17559
119 Guiné -1.72675 -1.66077 -2.17828 -1.77331
120 Cote d'Ivoire -1.20641 -1.0558 -1.05279 -1.17654 -1.14491
121 Bolívia -0.939743 -0.853344 -1.16084 -1.18122 -1.29269
122 Azerbaijão -1.44623 -1.50891 -1.44358 -1.7818 -1.63889
123 Eslovenia 1.46906 1.43073 1.4359 1.41088 1.39199
124 Guatemala -0.390539 -0.293485 -0.505798 -0.412311 -0.440422