The Economic Complexity Index (ECI) and the Product Complexity Index (PCI) are, respectively, measures of the relative knowledge intensity of an economy or a product. ECI measures the knowledge intensity of an economy by considering the knowledge intensity of the products it exports. PCI measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters. This circular argument is mathematically tractable and can be used to construct relative measures of the knowledge intensity of economies and products (see methodology section for more details).

ECI has been validated as a relevant economic measure by showing its ability to predict future economic growth (see Hidalgo and Hausmann 2009), and explain international variations in income inequality (see Hartmann et al. 2017.

This page includes rankings using the Economic Complexity Index (ECI).

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Year Range

Ülke 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
1 İsviçre 1.95964 2.01041 2.05181 1.99456 2.12416 2.59625
2 Japonya 2.31329 2.32408 2.37352 2.31842 2.34767 2.4687
3 Singapur 1.68651 1.70347 1.71717 1.71171 1.72081 2.12695
4 Güney Kore 1.70696 1.64658 1.82762 1.90646 1.97403 1.9776
5 Almanya 1.9408 1.87347 1.84608 1.81367 1.91906 1.89589
6 İsveç 1.80518 1.75179 1.75214 1.6459 1.61477 1.59228
7 Amerika Birleşik Devletleri 1.49138 1.45359 1.43702 1.30167 1.32592 1.55257
8 Büyük Britanya 1.54878 1.49378 1.45544 1.40296 1.34514 1.54527
9 Çek Cumhuriyeti 1.69489 1.68896 1.53381 1.52129 1.56023 1.39521
10 İsrail 1.21174 1.27127 1.22703 1.14081 1.16926 1.37382
11 İrlanda 1.1731 1.24971 1.28901 1.22044 1.31565 1.31298
12 Hong Kong 0.801652 1.09895 1.26313 1.35236 1.35536 1.23447
13 Fransa 1.43611 1.36854 1.24155 1.15748 1.20672 1.15695
14 Malezya 0.791729 0.91952 0.810485 0.828817 0.971262 1.03133
15 Macaristan 1.53397 1.52192 1.43941 1.38229 1.40749 1.02935
16 Belçika 1.13515 1.04707 0.951062 0.90581 0.9484 0.99588
17 İtalya 1.33488 1.31024 1.21525 1.24155 1.24787 0.949015
18 Çin 0.909906 1.00792 1.04036 1.16379 1.17107 0.89219
19 Slovakya 1.37252 1.3272 1.21794 1.20436 1.27947 0.866871
20 Norveç 0.535507 0.571734 0.614676 0.667969 0.682789 0.822228
21 Danimarka 1.2369 1.13685 0.995356 0.95349 0.885645 0.808458
22 Polonya 1.07468 0.960828 0.817343 0.839266 0.832384 0.735418
23 Estonya 0.746338 0.76017 0.68394 0.752262 0.738564 0.649198
24 Panama 0.630553 0.741643 0.710402 -0.558959 -0.560582 0.584897
25 Meksika 1.00796 0.954246 0.846744 0.953003 0.959052 0.572282
26 Litvanya 0.64032 0.722513 0.673455 0.63807 0.561721 0.462709
27 Hırvatistan 0.91927 0.92595 0.822129 0.837178 0.745808 0.417804
28 İspanya 0.980784 0.842403 0.700457 0.701443 0.656088 0.387094
29 Kanada 0.526191 0.534847 0.421886 0.411362 0.3821 0.342765
30 Belarus 0.918398 0.82272 0.689295 0.731427 0.702788 0.337386
31 Birleşik Arap Emirlikleri 0.030733 -0.009763 -0.090032 -0.362895 -0.251409 0.241859
32 Letonya 0.600318 0.571625 0.478137 0.431584 0.373305 0.197157
33 Bulgaristan 0.447953 0.497365 0.278113 0.290812 0.318417 0.169379
34 Rusya 0.009965 0.077047 0.048022 0.008439 -0.026792 0.142872
35 Sırbistan 0.590053 0.562507 0.361921 0.366673 0.316878 0.0745877
36 Portekiz 0.650139 0.6184 0.433862 0.4937 0.480985 0.0657328
37 Hindistan 0.091946 0.144541 -0.134587 -0.014696 0.016682 0.0490719
38 Filipinler 0.331523 0.394726 0.341858 0.477815 0.381438 0.0489485
39 Bosna Hersek 0.592368 0.545884 0.562599 0.578374 0.486929 0.0324603
40 Ürdün 0.161675 0.216056 -0.140418 -0.010019 -0.004415 -0.0100069
41 Türkiye 0.42938 0.450234 0.287393 0.378481 0.364792 -0.0383133
42 Güney Afrika 0.016592 -0.023795 -0.192079 -0.204966 -0.188863 -0.0385376
43 Tunus 0.233429 0.291069 0.16411 0.214778 0.163278 -0.0927338
44 Brezilya 0.190826 0.161553 0.032264 -0.151225 -0.079082 -0.103021
45 Kolombiya -0.001219 0.049744 -0.234596 -0.194463 -0.216272 -0.123219
46 Yeni Zelanda 0.064004 0.166665 -0.096978 -0.119421 -0.206663 -0.126994
47 Kostarika 0.024263 0.247592 0.158575 0.093993 0.005485 -0.177184
48 Yunanistan 0.052732 -0.02161 -0.210378 -0.167862 -0.157527 -0.19882
49 El Salvador -0.117335 -0.007233 -0.145168 -0.070683 -0.133223 -0.263641
50 Uruguay 0.081756 -0.003597 -0.330617 -0.349791 -0.267658 -0.350881
51 Endonezya -0.143199 -0.087123 -0.160233 -0.102013 -0.088124 -0.365108
52 Mısır -0.289977 -0.321576 -0.488663 -0.341403 -0.271803 -0.410868
53 Makedonya -0.165571 -0.146735 -0.323051 -0.216515 -0.371769 -0.423583
54 Mauritius -0.429113
55 Avustralya -0.516626 -0.528256 -0.816851 -0.846322 -0.763708 -0.468001
56 Umman -0.431956 -0.742942 -0.874505 -0.774658 -0.671414 -0.52902
57 Kırgızistan -0.570333
58 Namibya -0.602309 -0.241151 -0.328879 -0.381863 -0.397842 -0.572063
59 Dominik Cumhuriyeti -0.26414 -0.256286 -0.406432 -0.40546 -0.457736 -0.599903
60 Arjantin -0.063178 -0.148047 -0.496513 -0.502072 -0.528185 -0.622054
61 Jamaika -0.215289 -0.349499 -0.64931 -0.787602 -0.683642 -0.657155
62 Kazakistan -0.853388 -0.787489 -0.961147 -1.00924 -0.994658 -0.703193
63 Moldova 0.049706 0.115221 -0.019913 -0.103664 -0.214357 -0.734169
64 Cezayir -1.28473 -1.56777 -2.08154 -1.77252 -1.6871 -0.781585
65 Senegal -0.810511 -0.622244 -0.744196 -0.721723 -0.847701 -0.808596
66 Kamboçya -1.20676 -0.95203 -0.904026 -0.723043 -0.534499 -0.819875
67 Georgia -0.152888 -0.168891 -0.419841 -0.457954 -0.455472 -0.843737
68 Sri Lanka -0.482129 -0.368732 -0.530163 -0.369437 -0.465842 -0.852336
69 Şili -0.328124 -0.333627 -0.499261 -0.532363 -0.592885 -0.855573
70 Botsvana -0.354011 -0.532549 -0.574288 -0.790862 -0.877179 -0.987254
71 Arnavutluk 0.272749 -0.472586 -0.684933 -0.542079 -0.650885 -0.997802
72 Paraguay -0.619805 -0.645452 -0.982503 -1.10231 -1.05565 -1.04279
73 Mali -1.06046
74 Pakistan -0.752351 -0.805746 -1.03613 -0.86519 -0.889031 -1.06616
75 Fas -0.509268 -0.535805 -0.774475 -0.559651 -0.747625 -1.09205
76 Peru -0.746415 -0.742204 -1.01445 -0.956349 -0.986909 -1.11161
77 Zimbabve -0.918402 -1.00205 -1.04674 -0.844104 -0.926026 -1.13868
78 Gana -1.05444 -1.00907 -1.27263 -1.47184 -1.15991 -1.19204
79 Laos -1.01474 -1.05514 -1.20526
80 Tanzanya -0.995243 -0.730645 -0.919298 -1.03347 -1.0393 -1.20639
81 Etiyopya -1.26465 -1.15076 -1.46341 -1.56239 -1.46649 -1.3311
82 Ekvador -0.770023 -0.708563 -1.06674 -1.30875 -1.33499 -1.3774
83 Madagaskar -0.831354 -0.726138 -0.823322 -0.820193 -0.964509 -1.56216
84 Moğolistan -1.20509 -1.35158 -1.67769 -1.55696 -1.27419 -1.76497
85 Moritanya -1.86292 -1.6776 -2.26649
86 İran -1.00321 -0.886393 -0.934617
87 Tayland 0.870845 0.964292 0.87724 0.955651 1.05247
88 Yemen -1.22062 -1.14902 -1.34438 -1.30363
89 Venezuela -0.811479 -1.12529 -0.942948
90 Romanya 0.73466 0.70694 0.751166 0.787654 0.82995
91 Togo -0.837184 -0.778208 -0.671987 -0.462205 -0.371802
92 Suudi Arabistan -0.074789 -0.07214 -0.462099 -0.369927 -0.355486
93 Kongo Cumhuriyeti -1.21695 -1.12329 -0.675039 -0.730753 -0.814235
94 Ukrayna 0.480965 0.469842 0.28954 0.268345 0.2257
95 Vietnam -0.215986 -0.104485 -0.231462 -0.129961 -0.06973
96 Kongo Demokratik Cumhuriyeti -1.06695 -1.29544
97 Gabon -0.829728 -1.36163
98 Angora -2.09087 -2.79136
99 Kuveyt -0.296786 -0.436697 -1.49314 -0.836979 -0.789111
100 Nikaragua -0.883107 -0.71229 -0.955061 -1.00073 -1.13505
101 Finlandiya 1.71439 1.61173 1.57477 1.49895 1.45829
102 Sudan -1.93445 -1.65831 -1.873 -1.84461 -1.86774
103 Nijerya -1.71191 -1.61348 -1.73702 -1.72001 -1.79177
104 Kenya -0.610053 -0.580113 -0.616658 -0.51908 -0.57392
105 Avusturya 1.7891 1.71686 1.72767 1.64981 1.66445
106 Suriye -0.670493
107 Lübnan 0.293449 0.281872 0.107992 0.177455 0.151603
108 Kamerun -0.618845 -0.546339 -0.69924 -0.841034 -1.00906
109 Birmanya -1.27821
110 Mozambik -1.3111 -1.16195 -1.22607 -1.2084 -1.14672
111 Trinidad ve Tobago -0.567857 -0.858712
112 Hollanda 0.952353 0.885129 0.818227 0.756212 0.860275
113 Katar -0.395827 -0.390929 -0.41667 -0.264365 -0.525304
114 Türkmenistan -1.00593 -1.09788
115 Honduras -0.690727 -0.398168 -0.429599 -0.370913 -0.408544
116 Zambiya -0.750633 -0.621731 -0.731336 -0.544915 -0.562239
117 Özbekistan -0.555588 -0.531504
118 Bangladeş -1.10503 -0.943499 -1.17559
119 Gine -1.72675 -1.66077 -2.17828 -1.77331
120 Fildişi Sahili -1.20641 -1.0558 -1.05279 -1.17654 -1.14491
121 Bolivya -0.939743 -0.853344 -1.16084 -1.18122 -1.29269
122 Azerbeycan -1.44623 -1.50891 -1.44358 -1.7818 -1.63889
123 Slovenya 1.46906 1.43073 1.4359 1.41088 1.39199
124 Guetamala -0.390539 -0.293485 -0.505798 -0.412311 -0.440422