The Economic Complexity Index (ECI) and the Product Complexity Index (PCI) are, respectively, measures of the relative knowledge intensity of an economy or a product. ECI measures the knowledge intensity of an economy by considering the knowledge intensity of the products it exports. PCI measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters. This circular argument is mathematically tractable and can be used to construct relative measures of the knowledge intensity of economies and products (see methodology section for more details).

ECI has been validated as a relevant economic measure by showing its ability to predict future economic growth (see Hidalgo and Hausmann 2009), and explain international variations in income inequality (see Hartmann et al. 2017.

This page includes rankings using the Economic Complexity Index (ECI).

Download    Tüm Yıl indirin

Showing

Year Range

Ülke 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
1 Japonya 2.31329 2.32408 2.37352 2.31842 2.34767 2.61516
2 Güney Kore 1.70696 1.64658 1.82762 1.90646 1.97403 2.37378
3 İsviçre 1.95964 2.01041 2.05181 1.99456 2.12416 2.33787
4 Singapur 1.68651 1.70347 1.71717 1.71171 1.72081 2.25069
5 Almanya 1.9408 1.87347 1.84608 1.81367 1.91906 1.89207
6 Hong Kong 0.801652 1.09895 1.26313 1.35236 1.35536 1.47134
7 Çek Cumhuriyeti 1.69489 1.68896 1.53381 1.52129 1.56023 1.42049
8 Amerika Birleşik Devletleri 1.49138 1.45359 1.43702 1.30167 1.32592 1.3899
9 Büyük Britanya 1.54878 1.49378 1.45544 1.40296 1.34514 1.36113
10 Macaristan 1.53397 1.52192 1.43941 1.38229 1.40749 1.24403
11 İsrail 1.21174 1.27127 1.22703 1.14081 1.16926 1.17832
12 Slovakya 1.37252 1.3272 1.21794 1.20436 1.27947 1.16945
13 İtalya 1.33488 1.31024 1.21525 1.24155 1.24787 1.13343
14 Fransa 1.43611 1.36854 1.24155 1.15748 1.20672 1.13204
15 Malezya 0.791729 0.91952 0.810485 0.828817 0.971262 1.12618
16 İrlanda 1.1731 1.24971 1.28901 1.22044 1.31565 1.10564
17 Çin 0.909906 1.00792 1.04036 1.16379 1.17107 1.00689
18 Belçika 1.13515 1.04707 0.951062 0.90581 0.9484 0.978514
19 Meksika 1.00796 0.954246 0.846744 0.953003 0.959052 0.75823
20 Polonya 1.07468 0.960828 0.817343 0.839266 0.832384 0.672875
21 Danimarka 1.2369 1.13685 0.995356 0.95349 0.885645 0.662894
22 Estonya 0.746338 0.76017 0.68394 0.752262 0.738564 0.545405
23 Norveç 0.535507 0.571734 0.614676 0.667969 0.682789 0.518245
24 Hırvatistan 0.91927 0.92595 0.822129 0.837178 0.745808 0.491664
25 İspanya 0.980784 0.842403 0.700457 0.701443 0.656088 0.431715
26 Belarus 0.918398 0.82272 0.689295 0.731427 0.702788 0.426
27 Filipinler 0.331523 0.394726 0.341858 0.477815 0.381438 0.389823
28 Bosna Hersek 0.592368 0.545884 0.562599 0.578374 0.486929 0.368803
29 Birleşik Arap Emirlikleri 0.030733 -0.009763 -0.090032 -0.362895 -0.251409 0.304849
30 Litvanya 0.64032 0.722513 0.673455 0.63807 0.561721 0.252274
31 Portekiz 0.650139 0.6184 0.433862 0.4937 0.480985 0.213795
32 Hindistan 0.091946 0.144541 -0.134587 -0.014696 0.016682 0.141007
33 Kanada 0.526191 0.534847 0.421886 0.411362 0.3821 0.140373
34 Bulgaristan 0.447953 0.497365 0.278113 0.290812 0.318417 0.139368
35 Sırbistan 0.590053 0.562507 0.361921 0.366673 0.316878 0.114576
36 Rusya 0.009965 0.077047 0.048022 0.008439 -0.026792 0.049962
37 Türkiye 0.42938 0.450234 0.287393 0.378481 0.364792 0.0317636
38 Letonya 0.600318 0.571625 0.478137 0.431584 0.373305 0.0284908
39 Tunus 0.233429 0.291069 0.16411 0.214778 0.163278 0.00202402
40 Yunanistan 0.052732 -0.02161 -0.210378 -0.167862 -0.157527 -0.0404171
41 Brezilya 0.190826 0.161553 0.032264 -0.151225 -0.079082 -0.0835801
42 Endonezya -0.143199 -0.087123 -0.160233 -0.102013 -0.088124 -0.0852673
43 Panama 0.630553 0.741643 0.710402 -0.558959 -0.560582 -0.116362
44 Kostarika 0.024263 0.247592 0.158575 0.093993 0.005485 -0.159627
45 Kolombiya -0.001219 0.049744 -0.234596 -0.194463 -0.216272 -0.19239
46 Ürdün 0.161675 0.216056 -0.140418 -0.010019 -0.004415 -0.221577
47 El Salvador -0.117335 -0.007233 -0.145168 -0.070683 -0.133223 -0.274391
48 Güney Afrika 0.016592 -0.023795 -0.192079 -0.204966 -0.188863 -0.295213
49 Umman -0.431956 -0.742942 -0.874505 -0.774658 -0.671414 -0.382714
50 Mısır -0.289977 -0.321576 -0.488663 -0.341403 -0.271803 -0.395968
51 Mauritius -0.40707
52 Kırgızistan -0.457679
53 Sri Lanka -0.482129 -0.368732 -0.530163 -0.369437 -0.465842 -0.465951
54 Yeni Zelanda 0.064004 0.166665 -0.096978 -0.119421 -0.206663 -0.472886
55 Moldova 0.049706 0.115221 -0.019913 -0.103664 -0.214357 -0.481255
56 Uruguay 0.081756 -0.003597 -0.330617 -0.349791 -0.267658 -0.501094
57 Dominik Cumhuriyeti -0.26414 -0.256286 -0.406432 -0.40546 -0.457736 -0.501275
58 Makedonya -0.165571 -0.146735 -0.323051 -0.216515 -0.371769 -0.606872
59 Georgia -0.152888 -0.168891 -0.419841 -0.457954 -0.455472 -0.634878
60 Jamaika -0.215289 -0.349499 -0.64931 -0.787602 -0.683642 -0.694666
61 İsveç 1.80518 1.75179 1.75214 1.6459 1.61477 -0.714396
62 Senegal -0.810511 -0.622244 -0.744196 -0.721723 -0.847701 -0.746684
63 Kamboçya -1.20676 -0.95203 -0.904026 -0.723043 -0.534499 -0.750174
64 Kazakistan -0.853388 -0.787489 -0.961147 -1.00924 -0.994658 -0.781491
65 Namibya -0.602309 -0.241151 -0.328879 -0.381863 -0.397842 -0.834151
66 Laos -1.01474 -1.05514 -0.845389
67 Arnavutluk 0.272749 -0.472586 -0.684933 -0.542079 -0.650885 -0.871937
68 Arjantin -0.063178 -0.148047 -0.496513 -0.502072 -0.528185 -0.882143
69 Şili -0.328124 -0.333627 -0.499261 -0.532363 -0.592885 -0.899662
70 Fas -0.509268 -0.535805 -0.774475 -0.559651 -0.747625 -0.944238
71 Avustralya -0.516626 -0.528256 -0.816851 -0.846322 -0.763708 -0.972731
72 Cezayir -1.28473 -1.56777 -2.08154 -1.77252 -1.6871 -0.99361
73 Paraguay -0.619805 -0.645452 -0.982503 -1.10231 -1.05565 -1.06909
74 Peru -0.746415 -0.742204 -1.01445 -0.956349 -0.986909 -1.0828
75 Mali -1.12138
76 Gana -1.05444 -1.00907 -1.27263 -1.47184 -1.15991 -1.12468
77 Zimbabve -0.918402 -1.00205 -1.04674 -0.844104 -0.926026 -1.13478
78 Pakistan -0.752351 -0.805746 -1.03613 -0.86519 -0.889031 -1.13883
79 Etiyopya -1.26465 -1.15076 -1.46341 -1.56239 -1.46649 -1.16391
80 Madagaskar -0.831354 -0.726138 -0.823322 -0.820193 -0.964509 -1.18288
81 Botsvana -0.354011 -0.532549 -0.574288 -0.790862 -0.877179 -1.22746
82 Tanzanya -0.995243 -0.730645 -0.919298 -1.03347 -1.0393 -1.23583
83 Ekvador -0.770023 -0.708563 -1.06674 -1.30875 -1.33499 -1.31897
84 Moğolistan -1.20509 -1.35158 -1.67769 -1.55696 -1.27419 -1.67118
85 Moritanya -1.86292 -1.6776 -2.34538
86 İran -1.00321 -0.886393 -0.934617
87 Tayland 0.870845 0.964292 0.87724 0.955651 1.05247
88 Yemen -1.22062 -1.14902 -1.34438 -1.30363
89 Venezuela -0.811479 -1.12529 -0.942948
90 Romanya 0.73466 0.70694 0.751166 0.787654 0.82995
91 Togo -0.837184 -0.778208 -0.671987 -0.462205 -0.371802
92 Suudi Arabistan -0.074789 -0.07214 -0.462099 -0.369927 -0.355486
93 Kongo Cumhuriyeti -1.21695 -1.12329 -0.675039 -0.730753 -0.814235
94 Ukrayna 0.480965 0.469842 0.28954 0.268345 0.2257
95 Vietnam -0.215986 -0.104485 -0.231462 -0.129961 -0.06973
96 Kongo Demokratik Cumhuriyeti -1.06695 -1.29544
97 Gabon -0.829728 -1.36163
98 Angora -2.09087 -2.79136
99 Kuveyt -0.296786 -0.436697 -1.49314 -0.836979 -0.789111
100 Nikaragua -0.883107 -0.71229 -0.955061 -1.00073 -1.13505
101 Finlandiya 1.71439 1.61173 1.57477 1.49895 1.45829
102 Sudan -1.93445 -1.65831 -1.873 -1.84461 -1.86774
103 Nijerya -1.71191 -1.61348 -1.73702 -1.72001 -1.79177
104 Kenya -0.610053 -0.580113 -0.616658 -0.51908 -0.57392
105 Avusturya 1.7891 1.71686 1.72767 1.64981 1.66445
106 Suriye -0.670493
107 Lübnan 0.293449 0.281872 0.107992 0.177455 0.151603
108 Kamerun -0.618845 -0.546339 -0.69924 -0.841034 -1.00906
109 Birmanya -1.27821
110 Mozambik -1.3111 -1.16195 -1.22607 -1.2084 -1.14672
111 Trinidad ve Tobago -0.567857 -0.858712
112 Hollanda 0.952353 0.885129 0.818227 0.756212 0.860275
113 Katar -0.395827 -0.390929 -0.41667 -0.264365 -0.525304
114 Türkmenistan -1.00593 -1.09788
115 Honduras -0.690727 -0.398168 -0.429599 -0.370913 -0.408544
116 Zambiya -0.750633 -0.621731 -0.731336 -0.544915 -0.562239
117 Özbekistan -0.555588 -0.531504
118 Bangladeş -1.10503 -0.943499 -1.17559
119 Gine -1.72675 -1.66077 -2.17828 -1.77331
120 Fildişi Sahili -1.20641 -1.0558 -1.05279 -1.17654 -1.14491
121 Bolivya -0.939743 -0.853344 -1.16084 -1.18122 -1.29269
122 Azerbeycan -1.44623 -1.50891 -1.44358 -1.7818 -1.63889
123 Slovenya 1.46906 1.43073 1.4359 1.41088 1.39199
124 Guetamala -0.390539 -0.293485 -0.505798 -0.412311 -0.440422