The Economic Complexity Index (ECI) and the Product Complexity Index (PCI) are, respectively, measures of the relative knowledge intensity of an economy or a product. ECI measures the knowledge intensity of an economy by considering the knowledge intensity of the products it exports. PCI measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters. This circular argument is mathematically tractable and can be used to construct relative measures of the knowledge intensity of economies and products (see methodology section for more details).

ECI has been validated as a relevant economic measure by showing its ability to predict future economic growth (see Hidalgo and Hausmann 2009), and explain international variations in income inequality (see Hartmann et al. 2017.

This page includes rankings using the Economic Complexity Index (ECI).

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Year Range

Ülke 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
1 Japonya 2.37352 2.31842 2.29751 2.27406 2.30938
2 İsviçre 2.05181 1.99456 2.15805 2.22117 2.24386
3 Almanya 1.84608 1.81367 2.09809 2.08459 2.07537
4 Singapur 1.71717 1.71171 1.746 1.79973 1.86534
5 İsveç 1.75214 1.6459 1.92429 1.86277 1.80773
6 Güney Kore 1.82762 1.90646 1.65462 1.69142 1.77613
7 Amerika Birleşik Devletleri 1.43702 1.30167 1.8166 1.78168 1.75541
8 Finlandiya 1.57477 1.49895 1.77048 1.72464 1.70679
9 Çek Cumhuriyeti 1.53381 1.52129 1.67011 1.66047 1.6431
10 Avusturya 1.72767 1.64981 1.68354 1.63921 1.62894
11 Büyük Britanya 1.45544 1.40296 1.6425 1.5493 1.53259
12 Slovenya 1.4359 1.41088 1.42499 1.44739 1.4319
13 İrlanda 1.28901 1.22044 1.35298 1.40903 1.40023
14 Fransa 1.24155 1.15748 1.41803 1.40465 1.38964
15 Macaristan 1.43941 1.38229 1.35493 1.37204 1.38444
16 Slovakya 1.21794 1.20436 1.31956 1.34513 1.3402
17 İsrail 1.22703 1.14081 1.23759 1.27878 1.3146
18 Hollanda 0.818227 0.756212 1.31596 1.28874 1.30343
19 Danimarka 0.995356 0.95349 1.23141 1.21947 1.1577
20 İtalya 1.21525 1.24155 1.11574 1.10767 1.11743
21 Meksika 0.846744 0.953003 1.15387 1.16038 1.09955
22 Norveç 0.614676 0.667969 1.21126 1.19882 1.09466
23 Polonya 0.817343 0.839266 1.10641 1.09864 1.09432
24 Kanada 0.421886 0.411362 1.12953 1.08422 1.05671
25 Malezya 0.810485 0.828817 0.938148 0.995461 0.971372
26 Estonya 0.68394 0.752262 0.86561 0.843983 0.898422
27 Rusya 0.048022 0.008439 0.855036 0.8547 0.852045
28 İspanya 0.700457 0.701443 0.820536 0.80013 0.777415
29 Suudi Arabistan -0.462099 -0.369927 0.870754 0.819673 0.747155
30 Belarus 0.689295 0.731427 0.836874 0.743585 0.743075
31 Romanya 0.751166 0.787654 0.561038 0.620618 0.713669
32 Tayland 0.87724 0.955651 0.590169 0.650521 0.711704
33 Çin 1.04036 1.16379 0.60941 0.642376 0.691307
34 Litvanya 0.673455 0.63807 0.667051 0.627923 0.675449
35 Letonya 0.478137 0.431584 0.629273 0.649569 0.653054
36 Hırvatistan 0.822129 0.837178 0.657789 0.666972 0.623091
37 Brezilya 0.032264 -0.151225 0.696066 0.648284 0.608252
38 Hong Kong 1.26313 1.35236 0.426902 0.520167 0.594188
39 Ukrayna 0.28954 0.268345 0.658954 0.619115 0.556886
40 Sırbistan 0.361921 0.366673 0.520936 0.546327 0.532947
41 Yeni Zelanda -0.096978 -0.119421 0.59338 0.488085 0.483484
42 Katar -0.41667 -0.264365 0.322636 0.499297 0.396207
43 Filipinler 0.341858 0.477815 0.111666 0.220265 0.381087
44 Bosna Hersek 0.562599 0.578374 0.32009 0.328647 0.372865
45 Hindistan -0.134587 -0.014696 0.254162 0.31413 0.359807
46 Bulgaristan 0.278113 0.290812 0.358694 0.327278 0.347659
47 Güney Afrika -0.192079 -0.204966 0.303549 0.28477 0.268797
48 Portekiz 0.433862 0.4937 0.255319 0.26363 0.258555
49 Kostarika 0.158575 0.093993 0.135131 0.231586 0.237988
50 Arjantin -0.496513 -0.502072 0.462111 0.360496 0.232335
51 Uruguay -0.330617 -0.349791 0.220677 0.177011 0.207869
52 Türkiye 0.287393 0.378481 0.133999 0.150909 0.175726
53 Kolombiya -0.234596 -0.194463 0.0953318 0.11439 0.144356
54 Birleşik Arap Emirlikleri -0.090032 -0.362895 0.124122 0.0911202 0.128674
55 Yunanistan -0.210378 -0.167862 0.113201 0.106201 0.125884
56 Panama 0.710402 -0.558959 0.0789054 0.124958 0.119062
57 Kuveyt -1.49314 -0.836979 0.25958 0.235139 0.11607
58 Kazakistan -0.961147 -1.00924 0.0243757 0.157371 0.0883664
59 Avustralya -0.816851 -0.846322 0.0971997 0.146237 0.0863035
60 Lübnan 0.107992 0.177455 0.11624 0.0486427 0.0803256
61 Şili -0.499261 -0.532363 0.0316813 0.0611241 0.0443139
62 Trinidad ve Tobago -0.219598 -0.174918 -0.0506048
63 Georgia -0.419841 -0.457954 -0.13572 -0.104348 -0.0587891
64 Umman -0.874505 -0.774658 -0.297732 -0.0404026 -0.0609077
65 Ürdün -0.140418 -0.010019 -0.0543591 -0.101439 -0.149852
66 İran -0.934617 -0.157821 -0.158038
67 Jamaika -0.64931 -0.787602 -0.285952 -0.258965 -0.239734
68 Kırgızistan -0.430339 -0.33118 -0.286814
69 Tunus 0.16411 0.214778 -0.323836 -0.323494 -0.287626
70 Makedonya -0.323051 -0.216515 -0.39802 -0.379236 -0.290303
71 Endonezya -0.160233 -0.102013 -0.382548 -0.359668 -0.305644
72 Mısır -0.488663 -0.341403 -0.376617 -0.346329 -0.319753
73 El Salvador -0.145168 -0.070683 -0.518145 -0.491815 -0.336211
74 Dominik Cumhuriyeti -0.406432 -0.40546 -0.422355 -0.382253 -0.363374
75 Küba -0.274702 -0.379871
76 Moldova -0.019913 -0.103664 -0.388113 -0.475939 -0.464417
77 Uganda -0.379853 -0.383244 -0.512514
78 Zambiya -0.731336 -0.544915 -0.219831 -0.367271 -0.514087
79 Senegal -0.744196 -0.721723 -0.498182 -0.583953 -0.518687
80 Mauritius -0.666129 -0.638339 -0.579654
81 Peru -1.01445 -0.956349 -0.645699 -0.565693 -0.598962
82 Guetamala -0.505798 -0.412311 -0.555447 -0.57015 -0.616793
83 Vietnam -0.231462 -0.129961 -0.707104 -0.669703 -0.623084
84 Azerbeycan -1.44358 -1.7818 -0.674689 -0.650166 -0.654587
85 Venezuela -0.942948 -0.667168 -0.655229
86 Paraguay -0.982503 -1.10231 -0.63956 -0.767192 -0.676455
87 Honduras -0.429599 -0.370913 -0.844833 -0.765916 -0.744556
88 Suriye -0.633554 -0.744963
89 Kenya -0.616658 -0.51908 -0.690631 -0.705736 -0.747829
90 Mali -1.29791 -0.99785 -0.767797
91 Malawi -0.438195 -0.468412 -0.768715
92 Arnavutluk -0.684933 -0.542079 -0.896511 -0.90769 -0.781571
93 Moğolistan -1.67769 -1.55696 -0.851358 -0.767706 -0.78801
94 Cezayir -2.08154 -1.77252 -1.01136 -0.937221 -0.811671
95 Zimbabve -1.04674 -0.844104 -0.697917 -0.707958 -0.811801
96 Özbekistan -0.873889 -0.895987 -0.847152
97 Liberya -0.719266 -0.98089 -0.854269
98 Pakistan -1.03613 -0.86519 -0.922811 -0.935143 -0.859978
99 Fas -0.774475 -0.559651 -0.877951 -0.861004 -0.89235
100 Kongo Cumhuriyeti -0.675039 -0.730753 -1.03802 -1.07835 -0.898092
101 Sri Lanka -0.530163 -0.369437 -1.05527 -0.972538 -0.901589
102 Ekvador -1.06674 -1.30875 -0.768335 -0.950771 -0.933232
103 Moritanya -0.833422 -0.963114
104 Libya -1.26778 -0.965428
105 Yemen -1.34438 -0.912604 -0.757001 -0.97195
106 Kamerun -0.69924 -0.841034 -1.0069 -0.814567 -1.01371
107 Tanzanya -0.919298 -1.03347 -0.879252 -0.97857 -1.01705
108 Bolivya -1.16084 -1.18122 -1.06538 -1.06344 -1.07744
109 Tacikistan -1.17436 -1.03731 -1.10384
110 Fildişi Sahili -1.05279 -1.17654 -0.965066 -0.987537 -1.12772
111 Gana -1.27263 -1.47184 -1.04762 -1.21682 -1.15388
112 Türkmenistan -1.48447 -1.27173 -1.19506
113 Gabon -1.06145 -1.36159 -1.22477
114 Mozambik -1.22607 -1.2084 -1.18598 -1.18114 -1.24908
115 Laos -1.21682 -1.19835 -1.25108
116 Etiyopya -1.46341 -1.56239 -1.31886 -1.30394 -1.27445
117 Angora -1.25745 -1.16876 -1.3177
118 Nikaragua -0.955061 -1.00073 -1.31615 -1.34285 -1.33756
119 Kamboçya -0.904026 -0.723043 -1.47629 -1.44677 -1.37692
120 Sudan -1.873 -1.84461 -1.53738 -1.63482 -1.45787
121 Madagaskar -0.823322 -0.820193 -1.49269 -1.47536 -1.45882
122 Gine -2.17828 -1.22835 -1.44215 -1.51688
123 Bangladeş -1.17559 -1.76105 -1.77822 -1.71442
124 Nijerya -1.73702 -1.72001 -1.60088 -1.73247 -1.90268
125 Papua Yeni Gine -1.75799 -2.00821
126 Togo -0.671987 -0.462205
127 Namibya -0.328879 -0.381863
128 Botsvana -0.574288 -0.790862
129 Belçika 0.951062 0.90581