The Economic Complexity Index (ECI) and the Product Complexity Index (PCI) are, respectively, measures of the relative knowledge intensity of an economy or a product. ECI measures the knowledge intensity of an economy by considering the knowledge intensity of the products it exports. PCI measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters. This circular argument is mathematically tractable and can be used to construct relative measures of the knowledge intensity of economies and products (see methodology section for more details).

ECI has been validated as a relevant economic measure by showing its ability to predict future economic growth (see Hidalgo and Hausmann 2009), and explain international variations in income inequality (see Hartmann et al. 2017.

This page includes rankings using the Economic Complexity Index (ECI).

Download    Tüm Yıl indirin

Showing

Year Range

Ülke 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987
1 Japonya 1.85998 2.15818 2.2608 2.32645 2.39976
2 Almanya 1.98972 2.04753 2.13019 2.13913 2.16696
3 İsviçre 1.83181 1.97263 2.0112 2.04334 2.1349
4 İsveç 1.88134 1.91398 2.0021 2.02929 2.06501
5 Avusturya 1.79615 1.77997 1.88765 1.81925 1.89238
6 Büyük Britanya 1.81516 1.87932 1.91522 1.86948 1.84502
7 İtalya 1.65406 1.67749 1.78471 1.71372 1.73112
8 Fransa 1.64592 1.65194 1.75725 1.71191 1.69556
9 Finlandiya 1.47076 1.44496 1.58759 1.57979 1.69034
10 Amerika Birleşik Devletleri 1.45447 1.60668 1.65658 1.68473 1.62452
11 Danimarka 1.37149 1.39044 1.50081 1.48869 1.50483
12 Belçika 1.39186 1.33047 1.39638 1.45513 1.47377
13 İrlanda 1.19683 1.30511 1.34516 1.34901 1.34749
14 Hollanda 1.0928 1.10124 1.22685 1.25089 1.23651
15 İsrail 1.13583 1.16666 1.24422 1.18827 1.17349
16 İspanya 1.12307 1.12951 1.22884 1.11757 1.14212
17 Norveç 0.91962 0.855352 0.876663 0.866243 0.955728
18 Hong Kong 0.922926 1.0832 0.99998 0.950709 0.942748
19 Güney Kore 0.870192 0.925091 0.938733 0.903033 0.919086
20 Polonya 0.935998 0.70727 0.669572 0.707914 0.803996
21 Romanya 0.69736 0.696714 0.764502 0.780271 0.758278
22 Macaristan 0.822882 0.755505 0.782787 0.690656 0.739834
23 Portekiz 0.894749 0.786569 0.850207 0.759677 0.725108
24 Kanada 0.995635 0.767403 0.714533 0.702436 0.712579
25 Meksika 0.350078 0.392398 0.41919 0.465516 0.649492
26 Singapur 0.345051 0.636899 0.516443 0.703919 0.623209
27 Bulgaristan 0.835249 0.674233 0.620417 0.561423 0.579827
28 El Salvador 0.345506 0.148986 -0.559493 0.294898 0.472801
29 Ürdün 0.797023 0.838695 0.768842 0.518866 0.461162
30 Lübnan 0.600643 0.593993 0.47897 0.557421 0.460734
31 Yeni Zelanda 0.39262 0.488338 0.492142 0.529792 0.417875
32 Uruguay 0.288617 0.349433 0.435058 0.398713 0.404771
33 Brezilya 0.196999 0.375735 0.267288 0.345727 0.369739
34 Katar -0.091036 0.05032 0.370036 0.507998 0.329535
35 Kamboçya 0.93646 0.618817 0.565503 0.645039 0.322833
36 Yunanistan 0.415651 0.382953 0.315273 0.279589 0.289679
37 Türkiye 0.422683 0.18852 0.14437 0.118645 0.219343
38 Hindistan 0.009795 0.231607 0.209181 0.200489 0.199895
39 Yemen 0.318063 0.251636 0.062197 0.141871
40 Çin 0.282005 0.27951 0.23883 0.147123 0.134055
41 Tunus 0.092105 0.071816 0.076952 0.064443 0.128234
42 Arjantin 0.100525 0.089542 0.02977 0.02127 0.064141
43 Malezya -0.158291 0.22436 0.135335 0.023944 -0.013715
44 Mozambik -0.42297 -0.411569 -0.315261 -0.19087 -0.051954
45 Trinidad ve Tobago -0.113493 -0.194203 -0.226116 0.094595 -0.077639
46 Avustralya -0.10869 -0.097552 0.024368 -0.079455 -0.085689
47 Dominik Cumhuriyeti -0.179084 -0.332858 -0.178757 -0.151004 -0.110589
48 Birleşik Arap Emirlikleri -0.706481 -0.476698 -0.392549 -0.085901 -0.11452
49 Kostarika 0.151419 0.122502 -0.05328 -0.158359 -0.123305
50 Guetamala 0.186049 0.072258 -0.324174 -0.110733 -0.124289
51 Venezuela -0.87396 -0.671298 -0.348603 -0.224144 -0.142738
52 Panama 0.315114 0.489499 0.102947 0.097218 -0.148231
53 Tayland -0.322116 -0.021323 -0.053782 -0.196221 -0.165517
54 Kuveyt 0.16749 -0.216007 -0.617154 0.10631 -0.187616
55 Kolombiya 0.198326 0.256464 0.059858 -0.04428 -0.190655
56 Suudi Arabistan -0.392052 -0.746958 -1.2505 -0.779577 -0.22444
57 Arnavutluk 0.203431 -0.040355 -0.226584 -0.336359 -0.229183
58 Nikaragua -0.193166 -0.632906 -1.08428 -0.512901 -0.238517
59 Güney Afrika -0.113556 -0.195382 -0.188012 -0.100059 -0.254265
60 Filipinler -0.202809 -0.149925 -0.214845 -0.33671 -0.327704
61 Fas -0.156858 -0.139479 -0.165684 -0.197346 -0.334159
62 Jamaika -0.132885 -0.006167 0.005884 -0.059726 -0.340469
63 Moğolistan -0.148033 -0.268388 -0.318123 -0.48517 -0.345683
64 Peru -0.40929 -0.420794 -0.388779 -0.293198 -0.380444
65 Pakistan -0.159002 -0.10831 -0.215134 -0.28839 -0.383374
66 Laos -0.501314 -0.295409 -0.041721 -0.29169 -0.400541
67 Zambiya -0.759663 -0.838919 -0.609474 -0.517998 -0.416354
68 Suriye -0.30833 -0.229593 -0.357534 -0.282584 -0.41874
69 Şili -0.170715 -0.322281 -0.240817 -0.27313 -0.470722
70 Mısır -0.404609 -0.492947 -0.458009 -0.370879 -0.47398
71 Bangladeş -0.727512 -0.681064 -0.752768 -0.649575 -0.561619
72 Honduras -0.626635 -0.608498 -0.409386 -0.678372 -0.616688
73 Sri Lanka -0.670908 -0.527826 -0.558963 -0.449493 -0.630882
74 Zimbabve -0.738731 -0.751496 -0.69842 -0.662716 -0.638385
75 Senegal -0.158381 -0.622272 -0.521592 -0.609679 -0.710488
76 Cezayir -1.18598 -1.18261 -1.10051 -1.22432 -0.787639
77 Paraguay -0.69011 -0.86529 -0.795192 -0.857056 -0.798989
78 Umman 0.78725 0.573659 -0.116269 -0.861732 -0.812367
79 Etiyopya -0.758394 -0.70973 -0.775537 -0.969597 -0.812948
80 Kenya -0.897006 -0.88951 -0.852445 -0.921978 -0.858609
81 Bolivya -0.819953 -1.11108 -0.842486 -0.942779 -0.895863
82 Sudan -1.08322 -1.11237 -0.836808 -1.08179 -0.933388
83 Birmanya -0.766736 -0.826776 -0.715804 -0.811849 -0.984295
84 Vietnam -0.742823 -0.783679 -0.726897 -0.771785 -0.984498
85 Moritanya -1.38224 -1.37713 -1.04673 -0.939791 -0.993936
86 Tanzanya -1.14815 -1.05332 -0.890427 -0.922606 -1.01029
87 Endonezya -1.40417 -1.30602 -1.27708 -1.19011 -1.11041
88 Gana -1.09926 -1.22104 -0.999115 -0.99126 -1.16508
89 Ekvador -0.878952 -0.897574 -1.10442 -1.2186 -1.20318
90 Angora -2.01443 -1.94971 -1.78521 -1.822 -1.26181
91 Madagaskar -1.36143 -1.27543 -1.24666 -1.39296 -1.29
92 İran -1.27293 -1.12454 -1.09122 -1.23982 -1.33492
93 Togo -1.63595 -1.50714 -1.58361 -1.37642 -1.40066
94 Kongo Demokratik Cumhuriyeti -1.5312 -1.34137 -1.24149 -1.30384 -1.45864
95 Gabon -1.56763 -1.49385 -1.1978 -1.39269 -1.51237
96 Fildişi Sahili -0.930862 -1.03352 -0.966269 -1.40121 -1.51558
97 Kongo Cumhuriyeti -1.69718 -1.68953 -1.57239 -1.59555 -1.56447
98 Nijerya -2.03079 -2.08999 -2.07325 -2.00898 -1.73325
99 Kamerun -1.15604 -1.20592 -1.73297 -1.74781 -1.76979
100 Gine -2.18468 -2.05419 -1.72045 -1.46967 -1.82425