The Economic Complexity Index (ECI) and the Product Complexity Index (PCI) are, respectively, measures of the relative knowledge intensity of an economy or a product. ECI measures the knowledge intensity of an economy by considering the knowledge intensity of the products it exports. PCI measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters. This circular argument is mathematically tractable and can be used to construct relative measures of the knowledge intensity of economies and products (see methodology section for more details).

ECI has been validated as a relevant economic measure by showing its ability to predict future economic growth (see Hidalgo and Hausmann 2009), and explain international variations in income inequality (see Hartmann et al. 2017.

This page includes rankings using the Economic Complexity Index (ECI).

Download    Tüm Yıl indirin

Showing

Year Range

Ülke 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992
1 Japonya 2.36731 2.38974 2.39134 2.44302 2.49215
2 İsviçre 2.08125 2.10865 2.20354 2.25586 2.32899
3 Almanya 2.17723 2.19761 2.19821 2.22515 2.32404
4 İsveç 2.08118 2.1338 2.16649 2.18277 2.25942
5 Avusturya 1.86741 1.92154 1.94269 1.95901 2.00948
6 Büyük Britanya 1.8197 1.85354 1.8885 1.92482 1.94726
7 Finlandiya 1.65903 1.7338 1.8112 1.81157 1.8564
8 İtalya 1.70263 1.6687 1.71993 1.71832 1.80255
9 Danimarka 1.56451 1.62226 1.6333 1.69053 1.76411
10 Fransa 1.62 1.64251 1.58344 1.62708 1.71048
11 Amerika Birleşik Devletleri 1.52115 1.53479 1.50659 1.62518 1.69659
12 Belçika 1.50163 1.48931 1.45983 1.43235 1.50294
13 Slovenya 1.43562
14 İrlanda 1.44454 1.47318 1.4374 1.4218 1.41595
15 Hollanda 1.25419 1.256 1.20143 1.26567 1.35762
16 İspanya 1.14524 1.19786 1.19007 1.14192 1.21133
17 İsrail 1.09227 1.17841 1.15976 1.15167 1.08292
18 Hırvatistan 1.00807
19 Güney Kore 0.946263 0.834166 0.898145 0.876456 0.941965
20 Singapur 0.671827 0.648095 0.722376 0.761109 0.941948
21 Hong Kong 0.949503 0.898704 0.882933 0.883499 0.909419
22 Norveç 1.01949 1.03702 1.03133 0.856934 0.886433
23 Macaristan 0.847892 0.833217 0.808804 0.805335 0.859383
24 Meksika 0.720238 0.71601 0.766842 0.684291 0.805366
25 Bosna Hersek 0.765632
26 Portekiz 0.75562 0.670288 0.651649 0.657358 0.6708
27 Romanya 0.804159 0.806016 0.798893 0.693089 0.607645
28 Kanada 0.689466 0.774507 0.703285 0.615339 0.580017
29 Moldova 0.546565
30 Polonya 0.80849 0.791207 0.70377 0.666141 0.542584
31 Brezilya 0.33526 0.339519 0.418308 0.417815 0.503414
32 Bulgaristan 0.558906 0.569171 0.645641 0.568584 0.429701
33 El Salvador 0.319616 0.296832 0.322887 0.278094 0.400187
34 Belarus 0.33228
35 Panama -0.097236 0.01048 0.231381 0.169473 0.329985
36 Yeni Zelanda 0.34395 0.355489 0.318537 0.386536 0.285451
37 Çin 0.246918 0.234761 0.254205 0.284872 0.269057
38 Malezya -0.05365 -0.043857 0.077114 0.1658 0.252923
39 Hindistan 0.126991 0.134137 0.229328 0.214645 0.189609
40 Tayland -0.059027 -0.058231 0.028856 0.059329 0.181246
41 Türkiye 0.270537 0.158364 0.143942 0.150355 0.175993
42 Estonya 0.154759
43 Trinidad ve Tobago -0.024489 0.21133 0.144432 0.23397 0.152904
44 Litvanya 0.117757
45 Lübnan 0.402064 0.259094 0.222896 0.114161 0.110669
46 Yunanistan 0.219048 0.095416 0.152017 0.143166 0.081695
47 Ukrayna 0.056669
48 Uruguay 0.343907 0.208406 0.133127 0.065365 0.036769
49 Tunus 0.130735 -0.025771 -0.030626 -0.114127 0.028
50 Filipinler -0.332234 -0.211546 -0.139151 -0.042884 0.002339
51 Kostarika -0.00306 -0.003063 -0.07688 -0.013234 -0.004627
52 Ürdün 0.519375 0.571932 0.329789 0.325138 -0.017063
53 Güney Afrika -0.307473 -0.348081 -0.24657 -0.168412 -0.025986
54 Kolombiya -0.178329 -0.108131 -0.183715 -0.086006 -0.040668
55 Arjantin 0.042609 0.094958 0.064197 0.092349 -0.063648
56 Mozambik -0.345335 -0.374334 -0.280503 -0.202467 -0.064139
57 Venezuela -0.310206 -0.20186 -0.249176 0.046246 -0.083257
58 Letonya -0.092093
59 Guetamala -0.114968 -0.220272 -0.140966 -0.124758 -0.099741
60 Rusya -0.09975
61 Madagaskar -1.29093 -1.29473 0.075262 0.013554 -0.151469
62 Avustralya -0.108906 -0.067428 -0.168113 -0.165157 -0.190559
63 Suudi Arabistan -0.209904 -0.027672 0.010843 0.152447 -0.207551
64 Georgia -0.21613
65 Arnavutluk -0.281952 -0.264478 -0.197794 -0.210994 -0.242111
66 Dominik Cumhuriyeti -0.130617 -0.248173 -0.298144 -0.314759 -0.270596
67 Jamaika -0.237738 -0.257262 -0.23057 -0.3999 -0.285032
68 Sri Lanka -0.49977 -0.620797 -0.482596 -0.446405 -0.319451
69 Peru -0.24436 -0.270606 -0.3134 -0.206643 -0.322969
70 Mısır -0.399866 -0.451679 -0.535157 -0.439201 -0.324477
71 Özbekistan -0.349566
72 Fas -0.299073 -0.418674 -0.384117 -0.367125 -0.359833
73 Honduras -0.669397 -0.681549 -0.518993 -0.42832 -0.369167
74 Moğolistan -0.186588 -0.348805 -0.502122 -0.3254 -0.374954
75 Azerbeycan -0.392366
76 Şili -0.565224 -0.499843 -0.452327 -0.336225 -0.397569
77 Nikaragua -0.440161 -0.480994 -0.441603 -0.601218 -0.413659
78 Birleşik Arap Emirlikleri -0.011708 0.062544 -0.222188 -0.307082 -0.419576
79 Kazakistan -0.420723
80 Zimbabve -0.740906 -0.69104 -0.604088 -0.573003 -0.439256
81 Katar 0.292962 0.271141 0.101576 -0.28138 -0.455776
82 Endonezya -0.8393 -0.703247 -0.592783 -0.40801 -0.490949
83 Türkmenistan -0.53812
84 Kuveyt 0.32521 0.220934 -0.142634 -0.676866 -0.586543
85 Pakistan -0.490167 -0.638552 -0.547604 -0.56875 -0.608171
86 Bangladeş -0.486923 -0.743294 -0.761861 -0.737013 -0.659387
87 Umman -0.064174 0.288311 -0.011874 -0.263525 -0.661055
88 Suriye -0.424702 -0.508874 -0.540398 -0.474933 -0.733972
89 Yemen -0.908052 -0.978779 -1.07125 -0.842516 -0.768928
90 Cezayir -0.292231 -0.257457 -0.649656 -0.645687 -0.798032
91 Kamboçya 0.411623 -0.085926 -0.221593 -0.478344 -0.845222
92 Togo -1.47951 -1.42253 -1.30555 -0.74779 -0.852755
93 Laos -0.588246 -0.278497 -0.438861 -0.62024 -0.864734
94 Senegal -0.726655 -0.637763 -0.788705 -0.712496 -0.880943
95 Bolivya -0.804475 -0.956995 -0.864784 -0.89069 -0.922251
96 Sudan -1.12616 -1.18061 -0.97173 -0.769087 -0.934142
97 Paraguay -0.889779 -0.88285 -0.957365 -0.972881 -0.943227
98 Vietnam -1.02124 -1.02634 -0.921859 -0.981722 -0.963484
99 Kenya -0.973226 -1.03404 -0.977025 -0.831707 -0.976501
100 Ekvador -1.00988 -0.967277 -0.93695 -0.967018 -1.02447
101 Zambiya -0.456881 -0.67636 -0.700076 -0.907232 -1.05388
102 Etiyopya -0.964332 -0.971688 -0.932032 -1.04104 -1.0629
103 Tanzanya -1.21869 -1.15103 -1.09958 -1.20393 -1.1225
104 Gabon -1.49476 -1.22518 -1.34855 -1.35225 -1.12944
105 Gine -1.72938 -1.78419 -1.51676 -1.36752 -1.17895
106 Birmanya -1.13781 -1.09078 -1.05308 -1.12979 -1.22432
107 Moritanya -1.29351 -1.30447 -1.46739 -1.20645 -1.37675
108 İran -1.19445 -1.21948 -1.28483 -1.22017 -1.44223
109 Kongo Demokratik Cumhuriyeti -1.24313 -1.20444 -1.14496 -1.17493 -1.46347
110 Kongo Cumhuriyeti -1.35371 -1.48802 -1.50959 -1.61876 -1.5417
111 Gana -1.16574 -1.13832 -1.10949 -1.43848 -1.54193
112 Fildişi Sahili -1.37116 -1.2969 -1.34105 -1.34779 -1.5516
113 Kamerun -1.77215 -1.72539 -1.76896 -1.65648 -1.88333
114 Angora -1.6952 -1.27093 -1.67635 -2.00679 -2.04018
115 Nijerya -1.64319 -1.72468 -2.01211 -1.84259 -2.17527