The Economic Complexity Index (ECI) and the Product Complexity Index (PCI) are, respectively, measures of the relative knowledge intensity of an economy or a product. ECI measures the knowledge intensity of an economy by considering the knowledge intensity of the products it exports. PCI measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters. This circular argument is mathematically tractable and can be used to construct relative measures of the knowledge intensity of economies and products (see methodology section for more details).

ECI has been validated as a relevant economic measure by showing its ability to predict future economic growth (see Hidalgo and Hausmann 2009), and explain international variations in income inequality (see Hartmann et al. 2017.

This page includes rankings using the Economic Complexity Index (ECI).

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Year Range

Ülke 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
1 Japonya 2.31329 2.32408 2.37352 2.31842 2.34767 2.22938
2 İsviçre 1.95964 2.01041 2.05181 1.99456 2.12416 2.0544
3 Almanya 1.9408 1.87347 1.84608 1.81367 1.91906 1.95551
4 Güney Kore 1.70696 1.64658 1.82762 1.90646 1.97403 1.79864
5 İsveç 1.80518 1.75179 1.75214 1.6459 1.61477 1.75485
6 Singapur 1.68651 1.70347 1.71717 1.71171 1.72081 1.71625
7 Avusturya 1.7891 1.71686 1.72767 1.64981 1.66445 1.61209
8 Büyük Britanya 1.54878 1.49378 1.45544 1.40296 1.34514 1.59265
9 Amerika Birleşik Devletleri 1.49138 1.45359 1.43702 1.30167 1.32592 1.58101
10 Çek Cumhuriyeti 1.69489 1.68896 1.53381 1.52129 1.56023 1.57717
11 Finlandiya 1.71439 1.61173 1.57477 1.49895 1.45829 1.55487
12 Slovenya 1.46906 1.43073 1.4359 1.41088 1.39199 1.44667
13 İrlanda 1.1731 1.24971 1.28901 1.22044 1.31565 1.44421
14 Fransa 1.43611 1.36854 1.24155 1.15748 1.20672 1.34955
15 Macaristan 1.53397 1.52192 1.43941 1.38229 1.40749 1.29993
16 Slovakya 1.37252 1.3272 1.21794 1.20436 1.27947 1.28447
17 Danimarka 1.2369 1.13685 0.995356 0.95349 0.885645 1.23615
18 Belçika 1.13515 1.04707 0.951062 0.90581 0.9484 1.21917
19 İtalya 1.33488 1.31024 1.21525 1.24155 1.24787 1.21412
20 İsrail 1.21174 1.27127 1.22703 1.14081 1.16926 1.186
21 Polonya 1.07468 0.960828 0.817343 0.839266 0.832384 1.14721
22 Hollanda 0.952353 0.885129 0.818227 0.756212 0.860275 1.10655
23 Norveç 0.535507 0.571734 0.614676 0.667969 0.682789 1.03384
24 Estonya 0.746338 0.76017 0.68394 0.752262 0.738564 1.02913
25 Meksika 1.00796 0.954246 0.846744 0.953003 0.959052 0.932908
26 Çin 0.909906 1.00792 1.04036 1.16379 1.17107 0.911251
27 Romanya 0.73466 0.70694 0.751166 0.787654 0.82995 0.871347
28 Malezya 0.791729 0.91952 0.810485 0.828817 0.971262 0.865661
29 İspanya 0.980784 0.842403 0.700457 0.701443 0.656088 0.841379
30 Hırvatistan 0.91927 0.92595 0.822129 0.837178 0.745808 0.831182
31 Kanada 0.526191 0.534847 0.421886 0.411362 0.3821 0.767588
32 Suudi Arabistan -0.074789 -0.07214 -0.462099 -0.369927 -0.355486 0.766112
33 Hong Kong 0.801652 1.09895 1.26313 1.35236 1.35536 0.749425
34 Belarus 0.918398 0.82272 0.689295 0.731427 0.702788 0.723198
35 Litvanya 0.64032 0.722513 0.673455 0.63807 0.561721 0.703753
36 Tayland 0.870845 0.964292 0.87724 0.955651 1.05247 0.671775
37 Letonya 0.600318 0.571625 0.478137 0.431584 0.373305 0.650211
38 Sırbistan 0.590053 0.562507 0.361921 0.366673 0.316878 0.581892
39 Portekiz 0.650139 0.6184 0.433862 0.4937 0.480985 0.555
40 Bulgaristan 0.447953 0.497365 0.278113 0.290812 0.318417 0.53637
41 Bosna Hersek 0.592368 0.545884 0.562599 0.578374 0.486929 0.482107
42 Rusya 0.009965 0.077047 0.048022 0.008439 -0.026792 0.467258
43 Ukrayna 0.480965 0.469842 0.28954 0.268345 0.2257 0.455412
44 Panama 0.630553 0.741643 0.710402 -0.558959 -0.560582 0.441168
45 Filipinler 0.331523 0.394726 0.341858 0.477815 0.381438 0.434081
46 Türkiye 0.42938 0.450234 0.287393 0.378481 0.364792 0.404726
47 Yeni Zelanda 0.064004 0.166665 -0.096978 -0.119421 -0.206663 0.371123
48 Kostarika 0.024263 0.247592 0.158575 0.093993 0.005485 0.3146
49 Lübnan 0.293449 0.281872 0.107992 0.177455 0.151603 0.248075
50 Birleşik Arap Emirlikleri 0.030733 -0.009763 -0.090032 -0.362895 -0.251409 0.246693
51 Hindistan 0.091946 0.144541 -0.134587 -0.014696 0.016682 0.236866
52 Brezilya 0.190826 0.161553 0.032264 -0.151225 -0.079082 0.229095
53 Yunanistan 0.052732 -0.02161 -0.210378 -0.167862 -0.157527 0.222362
54 Uruguay 0.081756 -0.003597 -0.330617 -0.349791 -0.267658 0.175781
55 Kuveyt -0.296786 -0.436697 -1.49314 -0.836979 -0.789111 0.128739
56 El Salvador -0.117335 -0.007233 -0.145168 -0.070683 -0.133223 0.112086
57 Makedonya -0.165571 -0.146735 -0.323051 -0.216515 -0.371769 0.105846
58 Tunus 0.233429 0.291069 0.16411 0.214778 0.163278 0.0973685
59 Ürdün 0.161675 0.216056 -0.140418 -0.010019 -0.004415 0.0687142
60 Trinidad ve Tobago -0.567857 -0.858712 0.00787162
61 Kolombiya -0.001219 0.049744 -0.234596 -0.194463 -0.216272 -0.00253314
62 Umman -0.431956 -0.742942 -0.874505 -0.774658 -0.671414 -0.00355699
63 Güney Afrika 0.016592 -0.023795 -0.192079 -0.204966 -0.188863 -0.0292484
64 Kırgızistan -0.0461406
65 Mısır -0.289977 -0.321576 -0.488663 -0.341403 -0.271803 -0.0702666
66 Katar -0.395827 -0.390929 -0.41667 -0.264365 -0.525304 -0.131597
67 Georgia -0.152888 -0.168891 -0.419841 -0.457954 -0.455472 -0.136839
68 Kazakistan -0.853388 -0.787489 -0.961147 -1.00924 -0.994658 -0.140565
69 Avustralya -0.516626 -0.528256 -0.816851 -0.846322 -0.763708 -0.16901
70 Arjantin -0.063178 -0.148047 -0.496513 -0.502072 -0.528185 -0.179818
71 Şili -0.328124 -0.333627 -0.499261 -0.532363 -0.592885 -0.216857
72 Mauritius -0.245542
73 Endonezya -0.143199 -0.087123 -0.160233 -0.102013 -0.088124 -0.253646
74 Jamaika -0.215289 -0.349499 -0.64931 -0.787602 -0.683642 -0.26616
75 Moldova 0.049706 0.115221 -0.019913 -0.103664 -0.214357 -0.300825
76 Vietnam -0.215986 -0.104485 -0.231462 -0.129961 -0.06973 -0.332587
77 Dominik Cumhuriyeti -0.26414 -0.256286 -0.406432 -0.40546 -0.457736 -0.352578
78 İran -1.00321 -0.886393 -0.934617 -0.389103
79 Guetamala -0.390539 -0.293485 -0.505798 -0.412311 -0.440422 -0.392704
80 Uganda -0.44042
81 Arnavutluk 0.272749 -0.472586 -0.684933 -0.542079 -0.650885 -0.487843
82 Küba -0.507612
83 Senegal -0.810511 -0.622244 -0.744196 -0.721723 -0.847701 -0.53243
84 Azerbeycan -1.44623 -1.50891 -1.44358 -1.7818 -1.63889 -0.545569
85 Honduras -0.690727 -0.398168 -0.429599 -0.370913 -0.408544 -0.574449
86 Sri Lanka -0.482129 -0.368732 -0.530163 -0.369437 -0.465842 -0.579077
87 Paraguay -0.619805 -0.645452 -0.982503 -1.10231 -1.05565 -0.642897
88 Suriye -0.670493 -0.644997
89 Kenya -0.610053 -0.580113 -0.616658 -0.51908 -0.57392 -0.658893
90 Özbekistan -0.555588 -0.531504 -0.663603
91 Pakistan -0.752351 -0.805746 -1.03613 -0.86519 -0.889031 -0.666548
92 Peru -0.746415 -0.742204 -1.01445 -0.956349 -0.986909 -0.68778
93 Cezayir -1.28473 -1.56777 -2.08154 -1.77252 -1.6871 -0.715288
94 Liberya -0.7467
95 Fas -0.509268 -0.535805 -0.774475 -0.559651 -0.747625 -0.75663
96 Venezuela -0.811479 -1.12529 -0.942948 -0.803681
97 Kamboçya -1.20676 -0.95203 -0.904026 -0.723043 -0.534499 -0.860402
98 Mali -0.885402
99 Zimbabve -0.918402 -1.00205 -1.04674 -0.844104 -0.926026 -0.897424
100 Laos -1.01474 -1.05514 -0.988196
101 Ekvador -0.770023 -0.708563 -1.06674 -1.30875 -1.33499 -0.989348
102 Türkmenistan -1.00593 -1.09788 -1.00243
103 Tanzanya -0.995243 -0.730645 -0.919298 -1.03347 -1.0393 -1.00641
104 Libya -1.05141
105 Etiyopya -1.26465 -1.15076 -1.46341 -1.56239 -1.46649 -1.06155
106 Nikaragua -0.883107 -0.71229 -0.955061 -1.00073 -1.13505 -1.06876
107 Tacikistan -1.07242
108 Bolivya -0.939743 -0.853344 -1.16084 -1.18122 -1.29269 -1.09992
109 Angora -2.09087 -2.79136 -1.10671
110 Moğolistan -1.20509 -1.35158 -1.67769 -1.55696 -1.27419 -1.11654
111 Bangladeş -1.10503 -0.943499 -1.17559 -1.22314
112 Zambiya -0.750633 -0.621731 -0.731336 -0.544915 -0.562239 -1.22629
113 Kongo Cumhuriyeti -1.21695 -1.12329 -0.675039 -0.730753 -0.814235 -1.28535
114 Madagaskar -0.831354 -0.726138 -0.823322 -0.820193 -0.964509 -1.32037
115 Gana -1.05444 -1.00907 -1.27263 -1.47184 -1.15991 -1.41096
116 Gabon -0.829728 -1.36163 -1.432
117 Sudan -1.93445 -1.65831 -1.873 -1.84461 -1.86774 -1.43747
118 Yemen -1.22062 -1.14902 -1.34438 -1.30363 -1.46949
119 Fildişi Sahili -1.20641 -1.0558 -1.05279 -1.17654 -1.14491 -1.51738
120 Nijerya -1.71191 -1.61348 -1.73702 -1.72001 -1.79177 -1.54415
121 Moritanya -1.86292 -1.6776 -1.59462
122 Mozambik -1.3111 -1.16195 -1.22607 -1.2084 -1.14672 -1.61157
123 Malawi -1.6499
124 Kamerun -0.618845 -0.546339 -0.69924 -0.841034 -1.00906 -1.65947
125 Papua Yeni Gine -1.74395
126 Gine -1.72675 -1.66077 -2.17828 -1.77331 -1.9858
127 Togo -0.837184 -0.778208 -0.671987 -0.462205 -0.371802
128 Namibya -0.602309 -0.241151 -0.328879 -0.381863 -0.397842
129 Kongo Demokratik Cumhuriyeti -1.06695 -1.29544
130 Botsvana -0.354011 -0.532549 -0.574288 -0.790862 -0.877179
131 Birmanya -1.27821